By Adedapo Adesanya The Senate President, Mr Ahmad Lawan; and the Speaker of House of Representatives Mr Femi Gbajabiamila, have been urged to urgently probe the alleged missing N4.4 billion budgeted for the National Assembly (NASS). It was alleged that the public fund was missing, misappropriated, diverted or stolen, according to three audited reports by the Office of the Auditor-General of the Federation. In an open letter dated January 30, 2021, the Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP) challenged the parliament to "show Nigerians that the legislative body is a proper and accountable watchdog that represents and protects the public interest." In the letter signed by SERAP\u2019s Deputy Director, Mr Kolawole Oluwadare, the organisation further urged the leadership of NASS o prove to the citizens that it "is able to hold both itself and the government of President Muhammadu Buhari to account in the management of public resources.\u201d The agency believes that if the matter is not satisfactorily addressed, the allegations would undermine public confidence in the ability of the legislative arm of government to exercise its constitutional and oversight responsibilities to prevent and combat corruption and to ensure the public interest, transparency and accountability in the management of public resources. SERAP also expressed concerns that the allegations of corruption, mismanagement and misappropriation of public funds amount to fundamental breaches of the Nigerian Constitution of 1999 and the country\u2019s international obligations, including under the UN Convention against Corruption and the African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption. However, the group warned that \u201cany failure to promptly, thoroughly and independently investigate these serious allegations, prosecute suspected perpetrators, and recover missing public funds and assets would undermine public trust in the ability of the leadership of the National Assembly to ensure probity, transparency and accountability in the management of public funds.\u201d \u201cThe Auditor-General noted in his 2015 report that the National Assembly account was spent N8,800,000.00 as an unauthorised overdraft, contrary to Financial Regulations 710. The National Assembly also reportedly spent N115,947,016.00 without any documents. Another N158,193,066.00 spent as cash advances to 17 staff between January and June 2015 is yet to be retired. \u201cThe Senate reportedly spent N186,866,183.42 to organise Senate Retreat and Pre-Valedictory Session for the 7th Senate, although the money was meant to pay vehicle loan. The Senate also reportedly spent N15,964,193.63 as bank charges between July and December 2015, contrary to Financial Regulations 734. \u201cThe House of Representatives also reportedly spent N624,377,503.30 to buy 48 Utility Vehicles. However, 14 vehicles were not supplied. The House also failed to make the 34 vehicles supplied available for verification. Similarly, the House spent N499,666,666.00 as cash advances to staff to carry out various assignments but has failed to retire the money. \u201cThe House of Representatives also reportedly paid N70,560,000.00 as overtime and \u2018special\u2019 allowances to officials who are not legislative aides between November and December 2015 without any authority. \u201cThe National Assembly Service Commission reportedly failed to remit N30,130,794.10 deducted from the salaries of the Executive Chairman and the Commissioners as car loan. \u201cThe National Assembly Budget and Research Office reportedly spent N66,303,411.70 as out-of-pocket expenses without any documents. The National Institute for Legislative and Democratic Studies paid N246,256,060.51 by cheques, despite the prohibition of payments by cheque by the Federal Government, except in extreme cases, and contrary to Financial Regulation 631. \u201cAccording to the Auditor-General Report for 2017, the House of Representatives reportedly spent N95,212,250.00 without due process and without any documents. "The National Assembly Management Account also reveals that N673,081,242.14 was spent between April and October 2017 without any documents. The Auditor-General reported that the funds may have been misappropriated. \u201cThe Senate Account also reportedly shows that N1,364,816,397.95 was spent on store items without any documents to show for the spending. The Auditor-General stated that his office was denied access to the store and to the Senate\u2019s records. \u201cThe National Institute for Legislative and Democratic Studies also reportedly failed to remit N2,181,696.50 from contract of goods and services. The Institute also paid N67,296,478.00 without any payment vouchers. \u201cWe would be grateful if you would indicate the measures being taken to address the allegations and to implement the proposed recommendations, within 14 days of the receipt and\/or publication of this letter. "If we have not heard from you by then, SERAP shall take all appropriate legal actions to compel the leadership of the National Assembly to implement these recommendations in the public interest, and to promote transparency and accountability in the National Assembly. \u201cThe Auditor-General also noted in his 2018 report that the National Institute for Legislative and Democratic Studies failed to remit N577,634,638,20 due from contracts and supplies, even though the deductions were made. "However, the Institute claimed that it was the National Assembly that was required to remit the money, as it is the body that maintains the account on behalf of the Institute. \u201cOur requests are brought in the public interest, and in keeping with the requirements of the Nigerian Constitution 1999 , the country\u2019s international obligations including under the UN Convention against Corruption and the African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption. Nigeria has ratified both treaties,\u201d the letter read.