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Economy

BUA Cement, UACN Invite Bears to Crush Stocks by 0.06%

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local bourse bear market

By Dipo Olowookere

The local stock market started a new week on a bad note on Monday following the 0.06 per cent loss printed at the close of transactions.

BUA Cement, UAC Nigeria and nine other stocks contributed to the decline yesterday, leaving the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) with a year-to-date loss of 6.76 per cent after the bears took control of the market.

BUA Cement depreciated by 55 kobo yesterday to finish at N38.95 per share, while UAC Nigeria lost 30 kobo to trade at N5.90 per share.

Ecobank fell by 20 kobo during the session to close at N4.05 per unit, Zenith Bank crashed by 10 kobo to N16.80 per share, while UBA declined by 10 kobo to N6.45 per share.

Guinness Nigeria was the best performing stock on Monday, adding 90 kobo to its share price to finish at N15 per unit, while Unilever Nigeria followed with a gain of 80 kobo to sell for N12 per share.

CAP appreciated by 50 kobo to N17.50 per unit, Lafarge Africa rose by 25 kobo to N12 per share, while United Capital increased its value by 21 kobo to N3.24 per share.

For the most attractive stock yesterday, it was FBN Holdings. The lender traded 22.9 million units of its stocks worth N116.3 million.

Unilever Nigeria traded 17.2 million units valued at N206.4 million, GTBank exchanged 14.0 million stocks for N344.3 million, Fidelity Bank transacted 11.7 million equities valued at N21.1 million, while Jaiz Bank traded 11.3 million shares worth N6.5 million.

At the close of transactions, investors traded a total of 175.3 million stocks worth N1.4 billion in 4,294 deals yesterday as against the previous session’s 167.1 million units worth N2.0 billion traded in 4,036 deals, indicating a 4.90 per cent rise in the trading volume, a 6.39 per cent increase in the number of deals and 28.92 per cent decline in the trading value.

Business Post analysis showed that the decline suffered by the market on Monday was mainly because of the selloff in the banking and industrial goods spaces as their respective index fell by 0.04 per cent and 0.41 per cent.

The insurance index improved yesterday by 0.96 per cent, the consumer goods counter appreciated by 0.33 per cent, while the oil/gas index grew by 0.08 per cent.

The All-Share Index (ASI) depreciated yesterday by 14.28 points to 25,027.61 points from 25,041.89 points, while the market capitalisation N7 billion to N13.056 trillion from N13.063 trillion.

Dipo Olowookere is a journalist based in Nigeria that has passion for reporting business news stories. At his leisure time, he watches football and supports 3SC of Ibadan. Mr Olowookere can be reached via dipo.olowookere@businesspost.ng

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Economy

Investors, Exporters Exchange Dollar at N415.07 Friday

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naira and dollar

By Adedapo Adesanya

The Naira to Dollar exchange rate at the Investors and Exporters (I&E) segment of the foreign exchange (FX) market in Nigeria maintained stability on Friday.

According to data harvested from FMDQ Securities Exchange by Business Post yesterday, the domestic currency was traded at N415.07/$1, the same amount it was sold on Thursday.

It was observed that the local currency closed flat during the session despite a significant increase in the demand for forex at the market window.

At the last trading session of the week on the FX category, transactions valued at $240.97 million were carried out compared with the $103.16 million recorded at the preceding session, indicating a surge of $137.81 million or 133.6 per cent.

But at the interbank segment of the FX market, the Nigerian currency had a bad day against the United States currency as it depreciated by 5 kobo or 0.01 per cent to sell for N410.96/$1 in contrast to N410.91/$1 it traded a day earlier, according to data from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN).

At the digital currency market, four of the 10 cryptos monitored by this newspaper on Friday declined, with Bitcoin (BTC), the most popular of the digital currencies, losing 4.7 per cent to sell at N34,434,127.72.

The loss occurred after it went on to chart a brand new all-time high in the week as the market witnessed the approval of the first-ever futures BTC ETF in the US.

Litecoin depreciated by 5.8 per cent to sell at N107,359.81, Ripple (XRP) tumbled by 2.7 per cent to N621.99, while Tron (TRX) recorded a 0.4 per cent drop to trade at N55.94.

However, Ethereum (ETH) recorded the highest gain of the day with a 5.0 per cent growth to trade at N2,400,000.00, Dash (DASH) climbed higher by 3.4 per cent to sell for N112,490.00, Dogecoin (DOGE) rose by 3.2 per cent to N149.35, Cardano (ADA) grew by 0.8 per cent to sell at N1,278.84, Binance Coin (BNB) improved by 0.5 per cent to quote at N197,123.45, while the US Dollar Tether (USDT) increased by 0.2 per cent to sell for N564.99.

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Economy

Road Infrastructure Tax is to Bridge Nigeria’s Revenue Gap—Nami

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Road Infrastructure Tax

By Adedapo Adesanya

To help cover Nigeria’s revenue shortfall, the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) says it is proposing the introduction of road infrastructure tax by making the informal sector contribute to building a modern society.

The Executive Chairman of FIRS, Mr Muhammad Mamman Nami said this when a delegation of the Nigeria Union of Journalists (NUJ) led by its National President, Mr Chris Isiguzo, met him in Abuja.

Mr Nami said the proposed road tax to be administered by the FIRS will provide the government with adequate funding for road construction, rehabilitation, and maintenance, as well as providing the needed security for roads in the country.

According to the FIRS boss, “One quick and very important intervention required of you is in the area of the Road Infrastructure Funding Scheme that the country needs in order fix our roads and bringing the informal sector to the tax net.”

He noted that in many jurisdictions, road users pay for the use of road infrastructure, adding that this should not be seen as an additional burden on the people because it has the potential of making life better for all.

Speaking further, Mr Nami stated that Nigeria’s economy presently relies heavily on non-oil revenues to discharge its statutory responsibility of paying salaries and providing social amenities to the citizenry.

“Without the tax that you pay, governments at all levels would not be able to fulfil their mandate to the electorates. Tax money also helps to ensure the roads you travel are safe and always in good condition,” he said.

He disclosed that the recent rise in the price of crude oil ordinarily should have impacted positively on the Petroleum Profit Tax payable by oil-producing companies. However, it has shown otherwise due to some reasons.

On the challenges facing the service of delivering on its mandate, he said “crude oil production has been limited by OPEC quota. Nigerian OPEC quota as at July 2021 was about 1.5 million barrels per day as against its crude oil production budget of 1.8 million barrels per day.

“This is a shortfall of 300,000 barrels per day. Our average daily crude oil production is around 1.250 million barrels per day as against the allocated 1.5 million barrels per day OPEC quota which has resulted in a shortfall of almost 250,000 barrels per day mainly caused by crude oil theft and force majeure declared by some of the IOCs.

“The total shortfall to FGN budgeted production is about 550,000 barrels per day.

“Huge losses brought forward and un-recouped capital allowances reported by most of the companies due to production shut in and the fall in oil price in 2020 as a result of the covid-19 pandemic which reduced their revenue.“

He said with challenges in the oil and gas sector, reforms have been carried out by the agency with a visible impact on the economy such as the deployment of technology in tax administration to improve domestic revenue mobilisation in view of dwindling oil prices.

Mr Nami added that the service created 10 Value Added Tax, VAT, Regional Coordination Offices across the country to drive collection of VAT.

He said, “We have commenced the usage of VAT Form 002A for enrolment and tracking of branch offices of major VAT payers. This will certainly improve our VAT collection and capacity. We achieved 114.66 per cent of our VAT collection target in the first half of the year.

“It will interest you to know that the service collected a total of N4.2 trillion between January to September 2021. This feat was achieved as a result of the efficiency and effectiveness of the TaxProMax Solution and intelligence/data we gathered, mined and analyzed in the period under review.

“The service successfully facilitated both the mock and external audits for the ISO 27001:2013 certification of the Exchange of Information (EOI) centre, to meet international information security management standards.”

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Economy

Oil Climbs 1% on Tightening Crude Supply

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Crude Supply

By Adedapo Adesanya

Oil prices resumed their climb on Friday on continued tightness in US crude supply even as coal and gas prices eased following fears of gas-to-oil switching.

Brent crude, the global benchmark, made a $1.01 or 1.19 per cent climb to sell at $85.62 per barrel while the United States West Texas Intermediate (WTI) made a $1.30 or 1.58 per cent gain to trade at $83.80 a barrel.

The market is still getting support as supply remains very tight just as the market hit multi-year highs earlier in the week on worries about coal and gas shortages in China, India and Europe, which spurred fuel-switching to diesel and fuel oil for power.

Data from the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) indicated a surprise crude inventory draw of 400,000 barrels for the week to October 15. At 426.5 million barrels, commercial crude inventories remain below the five-year average for this time of the year.

Winter weather in much of the United States is expected to be warmer than average, according to a forecast from the country’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

The number of oil and gas rigs – an indicator of oil production in the US fell by one this week. The total rig count is now at 542, up by 255 from this time last year, but still under the 790 active rigs as of March 2020.

The US oil rig count fell this week to 443—a 2-rig decrease—after six straight weeks of additions. The number of gas rigs increased by one and miscellaneous rigs stayed the same.

Despite these, the market is just cautious about the possibility of an uptick in COVID cases in Russia, China and now Germany.

On Friday, Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany said the European Union must take the necessary steps to mitigate the energy price crisis and warned that this must not come at the cost of the transition to renewable energies.

She also said the pandemic was not yet over as cases recently shot up to more than 17,000 in 24 hours, while the 7-day incidence went up by five percentage points.

Analysts also said some steam had come out of the market as investors were shifting their focus away from soaring crude prices.

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