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Economy

Crude Oil Jumps as OPEC Sticks to Cuts Amid China Worries

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Crude Oil Production

By Adedapo Adesanya 

The prices of the crude oil grades rose by more than 2 per cent on Tuesday after top exporters said the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and allies (OPEC+) was sticking with output cuts and could take further steps to balance the market.

Consequently, Brent crude gained $1.83 or 2.1 per cent to close at $89.28 per barrel, while the United States West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude was up by $1.80 or 2.3 per cent to $81.84 per barrel.

Saudi Arabian Energy Minister, Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman, on Monday, denied a Wall Street Journal report that sent prices plunging by more than 5 per cent, saying the alliance was considering boosting output.

The United Arab Emirates, another big OPEC producer, denied it was holding talks on changing the latest OPEC+ agreement.

“We remain committed to OPEC+ aim to balance the oil market and will support any decision to achieve that goal,” its energy minister, Mr Suhail Mohamed Al Mazrouei, said in a Twitter post.

On its part, Kuwait said there were no such talks. The country’s oil minister, Mr Bader Al Mulla, on Tuesday, also denied reports that there had been discussions to increase oil production at the next OPEC+ meeting.

According to the Kuwaiti minister, the country is keen to maintain stability and balance in oil markets.

Algeria also said an “improbable” revision of the OPEC+ agreement was not discussed.

The development outweighed global recession worries and concerns about China’s rising COVID-19 case numbers.

OPEC+ will meet on December 4, a day before the start of European and G7 measures in response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, which could support the market.

On December 5, a European Union (EU) ban on Russian crude imports is set to start, as is a G7 plan that will allow shipping services providers to help to export Russian oil, but only at enforced low prices.

Concerns over oil demand in the face of the US Federal Reserve’s interest rate hikes and China’s strict COVID lockdown policies limited the bullishness.

In China, Beijing shut down parks, shopping malls, and museums on Tuesday, and more Chinese cities resumed mass COVID testing. The Chinese capital on Monday warned that it is facing its most severe challenge of the pandemic and tightened rules for entering the city.

Analysts are now cutting forecasts for China’s year-end oil demand. This is as China’s zero-COVID policy is predicated on the imposition of lockdowns introduced across entire cities immediately as soon as new COVID-19 cases are identified.

Adedapo Adesanya is a journalist, polymath, and connoisseur of everything art. When he is not writing, he has his nose buried in one of the many books or articles he has bookmarked or simply listening to good music with a bottle of beer or wine. He supports the greatest club in the world, Manchester United F.C.

Economy

Honeywell Flour, MTN, Others Pull Market Back by 0.01%

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Honeywell Flour

By Dipo Olowookere

The depreciation printed by the shares of Honeywell Flour, MTN Nigeria, Ecobank and 10 others pulled back the Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Limited from the bulls’ territory into the danger zone by 0.01 per cent on Thursday.

It was the first trading session in December, and the stock market could not sustain the positive moment it recorded on the last day of the previous month due to the selling pressure on the equities mentioned above, though investor sentiment remained strong.

According to data from the bourse, the market breadth was positive yesterday as there were 15 price advancers and 13 price decliners led by Honeywell Flour, which dropped 7.89 per cent to trade at N2.10. RT Briscoe went down by 7.41 per cent to 25 Kobo, Wema Bank declined by 5.45 per cent to N3.12, FCMB contracted by 4.18 per cent to N3.21, and Cutix retreated by 2.84 per cent to N2.05.

On top of the gainers’ log was UPDC REIT, which improved its share value by 9.09 per cent to N3.00, McNichols rose by 8.93 per cent to 61 Kobo, Japaul jumped by 7.41 per cent to 29 Kobo, Nigerian Breweries 7.14 per cent to N45.00, and Royal Exchange grew by 4.76 per cent to 66 Kobo.

Yesterday, investors transacted 172.9 million shares valued at N2.8 billion in 3,073 deals compared with the 107.0 million shares valued at N1.3 billion traded in 3,227 deals in the midweek session, representing a decline in the number of deals by 4.77 per cent, an increase in the trading volume by 61.55 per cent, and a surge in the trading value by 115.63 per cent.

The increase in the market turnover was driven by the 49.8 million shares of FCMB traded by investors during the session. Courteville traded 16.9 million stocks, Access Holdings sold 12.0 million equities, UBA traded 10.8 million shares, and Zenith Bank exchanged 9.8 million shares.

Business Post reports that the insurance and energy counters went down by 0.12 per cent and 0.08 per cent, respectively, while the banking and consumer goods sectors went up by 2.16 per cent and 0.77 per cent apiece, with the industrial goods space closing flat.

At the close of trades, the All-Share Index (ASI) receded by 3.40 points to 47,656.64 points from 47,660.04 points, and the market capitalisation retreated by N2 billion to N25.957 trillion from N25.959 trillion.

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Economy

Ecobank Q3 Earnings Swell Amid 12% Jump in Non-Interest Income

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Ecobank non-interest income

By Dipo Olowookere

In the third quarter of 2022, Ecobank Transnational Incorporated (ETI) improved its gross earnings by 11 per cent to N761.3 billion from N686.8 billion in the same period of last year, with interest income growing by 9 per cent to N485.8 billion from N445.1 billion, and interest expense surging by 8 per cent to N174.2 billion from N160.7 billion.

In the period under consideration, fee and commission income expanded by 15 per cent to N165.5 billion from N144.0 billion, driven by higher cash management and related fees, as well as more card management fees, which offset the shortfall in other fees and portfolio and other management fees.

Business Post reports that bank charges, brokerage fees paid, and other fees paid by the lender triggered a 41 per cent increase in the fee and commission expense by Ecobank in the first nine months of this year to N21.0 billion from N14.9 billion.

The trading income generated by the bank grew to N93.2 billion in Q3 of 2022 from N85.5 billion in Q2 of 2021, other operating income rose to N16.7 billion from N11.6 billion, but the net investment income declined to N4.4 billion from N5.6 billion.

In the first nine months of 2022, Ecobank improved its non-interest income by 12 per cent to N258.7 billion from N231.7 billion, while operating income jumped by 11 per cent to N570.4 billion from N516.2 billion.

In the period under consideration, the operating costs of the company increased by 7 per cent to N320.9 billion from N300.7 billion, with personnel costs rising to N138.6 billion from N132.4 billion.

The bank, in the financial statements filed to the Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Limited, said its pre-tax profit improved by 17 per cent to N168.7 billion from N143.7 billion, while the post-tax profit gained 12 per cent to N1177.4 billion from N104.5 billion.

On a year-to-date basis, its loans disbursement to customers was marginally down to N4.03 trillion from N4.06 trillion in FY 2021, while deposits from customers went down to N8.06 trillion from N8.36 trillion.

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Economy

NGX Helps Governments, Corporates Secure N3.5trn Debts

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Cross Deals

By Aduragbemi Omiyale

Debt instruments worth N3.5 trillion have been raised from the capital market in 2022 with the assistance of the Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Limited.

These funds were secured by the federal, state governments, and corporate organisations through the issuance of bonds and commercial papers, with the proceeds used to finance projects and business operations.

The NGX has always provided an avenue for organisations to seek cheap capital from investors by positioning itself as the prime location for raising funds.

According to the Divisional Head of Capital Markets at the NGX, Mr Jude Chiemeka, the capital market could serve as the primary source of bulk mobilisation of capital to finance developmental projects, and NGX had implemented an array of incentives, programmes and capacity building workshops for investors.

“The pension fund industry, for example, has been able to leverage the issuances done by the DMO in recent times, and a lot of financing has come from them,” he said at the Nigeria Integrated National Financing Framework (INFF) dialogue on Channels TV with the theme How Can Nigeria Finance its Development Priorities.

“As an exchange, we provide the platform that will enable the government to finance projects through green instruments that these investors can invest in and ultimately benefit from the returns. And that is why it’s critical to ensure there’s constant investor education, sound governance and regulation.

“If you take a look at the recently revamped Capital Market Master Plan, there’s a conversation there around increasing retail investor participation in our markets,” he added.

INFF emanated as a result of a partnership among the FG, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and European Union (EU) to support Nigeria in mobilising greater amounts of private and public resources to finance its development agenda.

Speaking further, Mr Chiemeka said the goal is to revamp the current active retail participation level to 5 million by 2025.

“NGX has been able to facilitate the raise of about N3.5 trillion since January 2022 for corporates, federal and state governments. We are very well equipped to support the financing of these capital projects because we have the right platform.

“Today, you talk about the African Exchanges Linkage Project, which commenced on November 18 and will be launched in December. That gives Nigeria the ability to leverage the investor base in other capital markets to fund the projects to grow the economy and lift people out of poverty,” he stated.

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