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FG Plans to Collect Tax from Beggars

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FG Plans to Collect Tax from Beggars

FG Plans to Collect Tax from Beggars

By Modupe Gbadeyanka

Minister of Finance, Mrs Kemi Adeosun, has revealed plans by the Federal Government to start collecting tax from alms beggars in the country.

While speaking at a lecture on Thursday in Lagos , the Minister described proceeds from begging as “taxable.”

She noted that now that government was looking to increase its streams of income by building a non-oil economy, collecting taxes from various sources was not out of place.

“We are making efforts to build an economy where we have oil and other things. It is going to be oil plus and wider economy,” Mrs Adeosun disclosed at the event organised by PwC Business Academy.

The seminar, tagged ‘Voluntary Assets and Income Declaration Scheme (VAIDS) Interactive Session for Executives and Business Owners,’ was attended by several stakeholders in the private sectors.

The Minister noted that she was in Lagos to continue to massive tax awareness in country and urged individuals and business owners to take advantage of the tax amnesty of the government, which ends on March 31, 2018.

The VAIDS was introduced by the government at the end of last month to allow residents of Nigeria to willingly regularise their tax affairs without punishment.

The Minister, at the Lagos lecture, pointed out that some people were earning millions from begging and noted that it was fair they paid taxes to the government.

“You are supposed to pay taxes even if your means of income is begging,” Mrs Adeosun told the gathering.

Begging is fast becoming a lucrative profession in Nigeria and it is common to see destitute in cities across the country and they sometimes harass people for alms.

Some state governments had taken steps to take them away from streets, markets and roads, but they had always found their way back.

In some cases, these beggar have had to protest against being arrested by security operatives.

In 2012, several beggars in Lagos State stormed the Lagos State Government Secretariat and the House of Assembly to protest “undue harassment” and plans to ban their activities by the state government.

Last year, the Lagos State government said it evacuated a total of 1, 340 beggars in 12 months.

Lately, another category of wanderers has emerged and they are called executive beggars.

This set of beggars dress corporately, but pretend to be short of cash to move from one location to another. They ask for cash support for transport and when given, they go to the next person with the same story.

Modupe Gbadeyanka is a fast-rising journalist with Business Post Nigeria. Her passion for journalism is amazing. She is willing to learn more with a view to becoming one of the best pen-pushers in Nigeria. Her role models are the duo of CNN's Richard Quest and Christiane Amanpour.

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Economy

Oil Climbs 3% as US Fed Reserve Eases Rate Hike Fears

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oil climb

By Adedapo Adesanya

Oil climbed more than 3 per cent on Tuesday after the head of the US central bank eased market concerns over interest rate hikes.

Brent crude futures were up $2.52 or 3.1 per cent to $83.51 a barrel, as the US West Texas Intermediate rose by $2.77 or 3.7 per cent to $76.88 per barrel.

The Federal Reserve Chairman, Mr Jerome Powell, said Tuesday very strong jobs data released last week simply affirms that the central bank has some way to go on raising rates.

Speaking about Friday’s release of the January jobs data, he said that the body “didn’t expect it to be this strong.”

Mr Powell said the data “shows you why this will be a process that takes a significant period of time” when it comes to tightening monetary policy.

He, however, declined to say whether knowing about the strength of the data would have affected last week’s 25 basis point rate rise.

Prices also gained support as the US Dollar index fell after the data, raising oil prices. Interest rate hikes typically strengthen the dollar, which could make crude more expensive for holders of other currencies.

On the supply side, oil export disruptions have created a stir in the market following major earthquakes in Turkey and Syria that resulted in the deaths of more than 5,000.

The 1 million barrel per day Ceyhan oil terminal in southern Turkey stopped operations on Monday, according to Tribeca Shipping Agency, who added that, as a whole, the ports in southern Turkey had been affected by the earthquake. Oil loadings were expected to resume today, but inclement weather caused a disruption in berthing.

Also, Norway’s shutdown of its Phase 1 535,000 barrels per day Johan Sverdrup oilfield due to a technical fault in a cooling system supported prices.

China’s reopening progress is also pressuring prices upward as the market eyes a demand boost from its zero-Covid transition.

The International Energy Agency (IEA) expects half of this year’s global oil demand growth to come from China, Mr Fatih Birol, the agency’s chief, said on Sunday, adding that jet fuel demand was surging.

The US Energy Information Administration (EIA) will release US crude oil and product inventory figures later on Wednesday, just as all eyes will be on the Federal Reserve Chair Mr Powell’s speech on Wednesday.

The EIA also said that US crude production would rise in 2023 even as demand flattens, according to its Short-Term Energy Outlook. EIA’s latest forecast calls for crude oil production to rise by 590,000 barrels per day to 12.49 million barrels per day in 2023 and by another 160,000 barrels to 12.65 million barrels per day next year.

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Economy

Blue-Chip Stocks Pull Back Market by 0.13% as Investors Lose N33bn

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blue-chip stocks

By Dipo Olowookere

The Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Limited was pulled back by 0.13 per cent on Tuesday by some blue-chip stocks on the platform, which succumbed to profit-taking.

This shrank the All-Share Index (ASI) by 67.98 points to 54,299.76 points from 54,367.74 points, as the market capitalisation moderated by N33 billion to N29.576 trillion from N29.609 trillion.

The stock market came under selling pressure yesterday as investors offloaded some equities in their portfolios. This was across the major sectors of the bourse.

At the close of business, the insurance counter lost 0.80 per cent, the banking index fell by 0.61 per cent, the industrial goods space depreciated by 0.31 per cent, and the consumer goods sector declined by 0.02 per cent.

However, the energy stood tall during the session as it went up by 0.54 per cent on the back of renewed interest in shares in the ecosystem due to the rise in the prices of crude oil in the international market influenced by earthquakes in Turkey and Syria.

Business Post reports that investor sentiment was weak on Tuesday due to a negative market breadth triggered by the losses printed by 27 stocks, which outweighed the 20 price gainers.

Top stocks like Dangote Cement, Cadbury Nigeria, Zenith Bank, FBN Holdings and Access Holdings depreciated during the session, but the worst-performing equity was Japaul, which fell by 9.38 per cent to 29 Kobo.

FCMB went down by 7.82 per cent to trade at N4.60, Royal Exchange declined by 7.32 per cent to 76 Kobo, UAC Nigeria crashed by 6.12 per cent to N9.20, and Linkage Assurance deflated by 6.12 per cent to 46 Kobo.

On the other side, Conoil ended the trading day as the best-performing stock after it chalked up 10.00 per cent to close at N29.15, as MRS Oil followed with a 9.82 per cent growth to finish at N21.25. International Energy Insurance rose by 9.35 per cent to N1.17, GlaxoSmithKline went up by 6.92 per cent to N6.95, and Coronation Insurance grew by 4.65 per cent to 45 Kobo.

On the activity chart, investors traded 200.0 million shares worth N7.6 billion in 4,380 deals on Tuesday compared with the 191.6 million shares worth N4.8 billion traded in 4,359 deals on Monday, representing an increase in the trading volume, value and the number of deals by 4.38 per cent, 58.33 per cent, and 0.48 per cent, respectively.

FCMB sold 28.0 million units, Geregu Power transacted 21.1 million units, Sterling Bank exchanged 18.8 million units, Transcorp traded 15.8 million units, and Zenith Bank executed 14.7 million units.

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Economy

Court Remands Fund Managers Over N891m Capital Market Investment

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Vektr Capital Global Group fund managers

By Aduragbemi Omiyale

Two fund managers, Mr Solomon Edet Solomon and Mr Zakari Haruna, have been remanded in Suleija Correctional Centre after they were arraigned for collecting about N891 million from members of the public through an unregistered investment company, Vektr Capital Global Group, contrary to the laws of Nigeria.

They were brought before Justice Zainab Abubakar of the Federal High Court, Court 4, Abuja, after the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) sealed up the Wuse Zone 5 office of Vektr Capital in March 2022 on suspicions of illegally collecting money from the investing public.

At the court, after the four-count charge was read to the suspects, Justice Abubakar fixed March 16, 2023, for the commencement of the trial.

In the charges, the defendants were alleged to have, on or between the years 2021 and 2022 within the jurisdiction of the court with intent to defraud, conspired amongst themselves together with one Kayode Sal Viktor and other staff to obtain the sum of over N891,729,000 from investing public, including Cordelia Ukomaka Ducke Eze and others under the false pretence that they were fund managers which you are not and thereby committed an offence contrary to Section 8 of the Advanced Fee Fraud and Fraud Related Offences Act 2006 and punishable under Section 1 (3) of the same Act.

“That you, M/s Vektr Capital Global Nigeria Ltd, on or between the year 2021 and 2022 within the jurisdiction of this court, did commit a felony to wit. Conspired among yourselves together with Kayode Sal Viktor and your other staff to do an illegal act- to lure and offer a subscription to an unregistered collective investment scheme valued over N891,000,000 to investing public, including Cordelia Ukomaka Ducke Eze and others and thereby committed an offence contrary to and punishable under Section 516 of Criminal Code Act, Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 2004.

“That you, M/s Vektr Capital Global Nigeria Ltd, on or between the year 2021 and 2022 within the jurisdiction of this court, did commit a felony to wit. Conspired among yourselves together with Kayode Sal Viktor and your other staff to do an illegal act- to lure and offer a subscription to an unregistered collective investment scheme valued over N891,000,000 to investing public, including Cordelia Ukomaka Ducke Eze and others and thereby committed an offence contrary to and punishable under Section 54 of the Investments and Securities Act, 2007,” the charge stated.

When the bail application came up for determination, the Justice said she had not been convinced, going by the affidavit that the accused will attend court to attend the trial and not jump bail.

Earlier, counsel to Mr Solomon urged the court to grant the defendant bail, stating that the defendant is only an employee of the company and not the owner.

However, Justice Abubakar declined to say that being an employee of the company is not enough for her to grant him bail but told the counsel that she needs to be convinced that if the defendant is granted bail, he will be available to attend the hearing and not jump bail.

“You know the provisions of the Administration of Criminal Justice on bail applications. He must meet those considerations. Show me in your affidavit of support where all these conditions have been listed as met to give me the assurance that the second defendant will at all times attend this trial in person. If I grant him bail based on what you have submitted, will I not be seen to be reckless as a judge?

“Granting bail is a discretionary power, and you must earn it; you must convince me. So many people jump bail cases will come up, and it cannot go on because the person has jumped bail. If you convince me because your conviction is on oath, I believe you. My concern is what you depose in your affidavit. I cannot, on the basis of this deposition, grant this person bail, and I cannot.

“According to Section 160, paragraph 8F, the applicant must have these facts in his affidavit to convince the court to grant him bail. If I grant bail and he decides to jump bail tomorrow, anyone that sees this application will say he did not commit himself,” she said.

Justice Abubakar stated that there are no vital assurances to convince the court to grant the defendant bail as contained in Section 160 of the Criminal Administrative Justice Act 2013 and enumerated in Paragraph 8f of the said Act, emphasising that It is important that the deposition must contain that vital information to convince and assure the court to grant the second defendant bail.

She subsequently ruled saying, “In the absence of this, this court cannot grant the second defendant bail. Accordingly, bail is refused”.

On the third defendant Mr Haruna, the judge stated that based on the propositions contained in the application submitted to the court for bail, particularly paragraphs 12-17, the court is inclined to grant bail to him.

“Accordingly, bail is granted to the third applicant in the sum of N100 million and one surety in the like sum. The surety must be a responsible, reputable person in the society as deposed to in the affidavit; the surety must own a landed property within the jurisdiction of this court whose title documents must be deposited with the Deputy Chief Registrar Litigation of this court after due verification.

“Both the third defendant and the surety must deposit two copies of their recent passport photographs with the Deputy Chief Registrar Litigation of this honourable court. The defendant must also deposit his international Passport with the Deputy Chief Registrar Litigation of this court. Bail is granted; those are the only conditions imposed”.

“Both the Second and Third defendants are to be remanded in Suleija Correctional Centre. A remand of the third defendant at the Suleija Correctional Centre is pending when he fulfils his bail conditions. Anytime he fulfils his bail conditions, he is free to go and enjoy his day,” Justice Abubakar stated.

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