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Inflation Drops to 11.23% in June Amid Rise in Food Index

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Inflation Drops to 11.23% in June Amid Rise in Food Index

By Modupe Gbadeyanka

Data released on Monday by Nigeria’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) showed that the headline inflation for the month of June 2018 moderated further as expected.

The stats office said the Consumer Price Index (CPI), which measures inflation, increased by 11.23 percent (year-on-year) in June 2018.

It stated that this was 0.37 percent points less than the rate recorded in May 2018, 11.61 percent, representing the 17th consecutive disinflation since January 2017.

The NBS explained that increases were recorded in all COICOP divisions that yielded the Headline index.

Also, on a month-on-month basis, the headline index increased by 1.24 percent in June 2018, up by 0.15 percent points from the rate recorded in May 2018.

The percentage change in the average composite CPI for the 12-month period ending June 2018 over the average of the CPI for the previous 12 months period was 14.37 percent, showing 0.42 percent point lower from 14.79 percent recorded in May 2018.

It was revealed that the urban inflation rate eased by 11.68 percent (year-on-year) in June 2018 from 12.08 percent recorded in May 2018, while the rural inflation rate also eased 10.83 percent in June 2018 from 11.20 percent in May 2018.

On month-on-month basis, the urban index rose by 1.24 percent in June 2018, up by 0.14 from 1.10 percent recorded in May 2018, while the rural index also rose by 1.23 percent in June 2018, up by 0.15 percent from the rate recorded in May 2018(1.08) percent.

The corresponding 12-month year-on-year average percentage change for the urban index was 14.71 percent in June 2018. This is less than the 15.10 percent reported in May 2018, while the corresponding rural inflation rate in June 2018 was 14.08 percent compared to 14.53 percent recorded in May 2018.

Business Post reports that the composite food index rose by 12.98 percent in June 2018 versus 3.45 percent recorded in May 2018. This rise in the food index was caused by increases in prices of potatoes, yam and other tubers, bread and cereals, fish, oils and fats, milk, cheese and eggs, vegetables, fruits and meat.

On a month-on-month basis, the food sub-index increased by 1.57 percent in June 2018, up by 0.24 percent points, from 1.33 percent recorded in May 2018.

The average annual rate of change of the Food sub-index for the 12-month period ending June 2018 was 17.75 percent, down 0.61 percent points from the average annual rate of change recorded in May 2018, which was at 18.36 percent.

Modupe Gbadeyanka is a fast-rising journalist with Business Post Nigeria. Her passion for journalism is amazing. She is willing to learn more with a view to becoming one of the best pen-pushers in Nigeria. Her role models are the duo of CNN's Richard Quest and Christiane Amanpour.

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Economy

19.2% Ease in FX Trades Bolsters Naira by 0.01% at I&E

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FX trades

By Adedapo Adesanya

A 19.2 per cent moderation in the value of foreign exchange (forex) transactions recorded at the Investors and Exporters (I&E) window of the FX market helped the Naira with extra weight to push down the value of the Dollar by 0.01 per cent or 5 kobo on Friday, June 24.

According to data obtained by Business Post from the FMDQ Securities Exchange, the exchange rate of the Naira to the Dollar at the market window was N420.12/$1 in contrast to N420.17/$1 it closed on Thursday.

The value of FX trades at the window was $162.98 million, $38.83 million lower than the $201.81 million achieved in the preceding trading day.

At the Peer-to-Peer (P2P) segment, the local currency further appreciated against the American currency by 0.32 per cent or N2 to trade at N618/$1 compared with the N620/$1 it was traded a day earlier.

But at the interbank window of the market, the Naira depreciated against the British Pound Sterling by N1.96 to trade at N510.02/£1 versus the preceding session’s N508.06/£1 and slid by N1.04 against the Euro to close the day at N437.60/€1 compared with N436.56/€1 of the previous day.

Meanwhile, the recovery recorded by TerraClassicUSD (USTC) in the cryptocurrency market on Thursday appeared to be short-lived as it lost 11.5 per cent on Friday to trade at $0.0100.

It was the only digital coin of the 10 tokens tracked by this newspaper to shed weight yesterday as Solana (SOL) posted a 10.3 per cent growth to settle at $42.28.

Ethereum (ETH) went up by 7.4 per cent to sell at $1,236.08, Dogecoin (DOGE) appreciated by 6.2 per cent to trade at $0.0691, Binance Coin (BNB) jumped by 4.3 per cent after a deal with Cristiano Ronaldo to quote at $241.40, Bitcoin (BTC) recorded a 2.7 per cent rise to trade at $21,508.22, Cardano (ADA) jumped by 2.6 per cent to $0.5053, Litecoin (LTC) leapt by 0.6 per cent to $57.02, Ripple (XRP) recorded a 0.07 per cent rise to trade at $0.3718, while the US Dollar Tether (USDT) gained 0.01 per cent to sell for $0.9995.

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Economy

NASD Exchange Closes Last Day of the Week 0.42% Higher

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NASD Investors' Portfolios

By Adedapo Adesanya

The last trading session of the week on the NASD Over-the-Counter (OTC) Securities Exchange closed on a positive note on Friday by 0.42 per cent.

This was influenced by the gains recorded by Niger Delta Exploration and Production (NDEP) Plc and Central Securities Clearing System (CSCS) Plc.

NDEP grew during the day by N18 or 10 per cent to close at N198.00 per unit compared to the previous day’s N180.00 per unit, while CSCS Plc rose by 20 kobo or 1.37 per cent to close at N14.80 per unit as against the N14.60 per unit it was previously sold.

At the end of the day’s trading, the NASD Unlisted Securities Index (NSI) gained 3.24 points to settle at 768.27 points compared with the earlier day’s 765.03 points.

In the same trend, the bourse’s market capitalisation closed at N1.011 trillion as investors expanded the total value of securities on the platform by N4.27 billion. On Thursday, the market capitalisation stood at N1.007 billion.

At the market, the total volume of shares bought and sold by investors increased by 251.7 per cent to 323,519 units from 91,997 units, the total value of transactions appreciated by 53.1 per cent to N8.9 million from N5.8 million, while the total number of trades went down by 15.4 per cent to 11 deals from 13 deals.

AG Mortgage Bank Plc finished the trading week as the most traded stock by volume on a year-to-date basis with the sale of 2.3 billion units worth N1.2 billion, CSCS Plc also retained the second spot with the sale of 674.2 million units valued at N14.1 billion, while Food Concepts Plc was in third place for trading 146.0 million units valued at N126.7 million.

In the same vein, CSCS Plc maintained its position as the most active stock by value on a year-to-date basis with a turnover of 674.2 million units valued at N14.1 billion, VFD Group Plc was in second place with 10.9 million units worth N3.2 billion, while FrieslandCampina WAMCO Nigeria Plc retained the third place with the sale of 9.6 million units valued at N1.2 billion.

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Economy

Oil Market Jumps 3% on Tighter Supply

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global oil market

By Adedapo Adesanya

The oil market improved by about 3 per cent on Friday, supported by tighter supply, with the Brent crude futures growing by $3.07 or 2.8 per cent to $113.12 a barrel and the US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures expanding by $3.35 or 3.2 per cent to $107.62.

Despite the bullish news on Friday, the black gold notched its second weekly decline on concerns that rising interest rates could push the world economy into recession.

The already tight market was further impacted as crude production dropped 45 per cent in less than a decade, currently averaging 275,000 barrels per day as protests of indigenous nationalities of Ecuador demanding fuel subsidies saw them invade and vandalize at least a dozen of oil fields and risk pipeline supply to the country’s ports.

Indigenous leaders have presented the government of President Guillermo Lasso with a list of 10 demands, including a freeze on national gas prices, greater investments in education and healthcare, and more jobs.

In an unprecedented turn of events, the world’s most-watched oil data report on inventories from the US was not released this week due to a power problem.

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) hopes to shed more light on the reasons for the delay next Monday.

Meanwhile, the US Federal Reserve’s unconditional focus on taming inflation continues to squeeze speculators out of the Brent and WTI futures contracts.

The US Federal Reserve Chair, Mr Jerome Powell, said the central bank’s focus on curbing inflation was “unconditional”, adding to fears about more interest rate hikes.

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine exacerbated tight supplies this year just as demand has been recovering from the COVID pandemic.

Crude has also gained support from the almost total shutdown of output in OPEC member Libya due to unrest.

On Thursday, the Libyan oil minister said the National Oil Corporation (NOC) chairman was withholding production data from him, raising doubts over figures issued last week.

The Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and its allies, known as OPEC+, meet on June 30 and are expected to stick to a plan to only slightly accelerate hikes in oil production in July and August.

US energy firms added oil and natural gas rigs for a second week in a row in a record 23-month streak of increases, as high crude prices and prodding by the government prompted drillers to return to the wellpad.

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