By Modupe Gbadeyanka
The Lagos Emergency Management Agency (LASEMA) has raised an alarm over the poor hygiene at the popular Kara cattle market along the busy Lagos-Ibadab Expressway, saying the area is an ecological disaster in the making.
The Director-General/CEO of the agency, Mr Olufemi Oke-Osanyintolu, during an unscheduled visit to the market on Saturday, expressed disgust at the indiscriminate dumping of waste and the resultant pollution of the Kara River.
He warned that if urgent steps are not taken, there an outbreak of disease might happen as well as flooding, calling for an immediate commencement of the cleaning of the place.
Mr Oke-Osanyintolu, who was accompanied by Special Adviser to the Ogun State Governor on Environment, Mr Ola Oresanya, lamented at the rate users of the market dump waste into the river indiscriminately.
In his submission, he said the actions of the buyers and sellers at the livestock market have increased the fire hazards in the market area to unprecedented levels.
However, he assured that LASEMA will be on high alert regarding situation in the area to ensure the safety of lives and property as mandated by the Governor Babajide Sanwo-Olu led administration.
The LASEMA boss disclosed that the Ogun State Government has unveiled a work plan that will be operational within two weeks on how to check the menace.
As part of the agency’s immediate response, the LASEMA DG harped on the need for the cattle market operators to build septic tanks to store all human waste, while erection of a waste retention tank was also part of the mandate at the abattoir for the animals. This was supported with strategic placement of waste collection materials around the market.
Part of the DG’s recommendation was a daily cleaning of the market and a mandate to commence aggressive cleaning of existing waste in the Kara Market immediately.
Weekly Forex Turnover at I&E Skyrockets to $1.1bn
By Sodeinde Temidayo David
In one week, the total value of transactions recorded at the Investors and Exporters (I&E) window of the foreign exchange (forex) market in Nigeria rose to $1.1 billion.
Data obtained by Business Post from the FMDQ Securities Exchange showed that the weekly forex turnover at the I&E was 18.73 per cent or $183.56 million higher than the $980.1 million recorded a week earlier.
The FMDQ exchange, which tracks trades on the Nigerian Autonomous Foreign Exchange Rate Fixing (NAFEX) platform, revealed that the significant spike in the value of the transactions was due to the high FX demand last Friday, a day after the Naira depreciated against the United States Dollar to an all-time low of N422.07/$1, triggering panic at the FX window.
At the first trading session of last week, the turnover was $184.3 million and the next day, it dropped to $153.4 million before skyrocketing to $306.8 million on Wednesday and the next day, the turnover went down to $141.9 million before jumping to $337.3 million due to decision of investors to quickly pull out their funds as a result of comments by Vice President Yemi Osinbajo interpreted to mean he was in full support of the devaluation of the local currency so as to allow it get its true market value.
As for the performance of the Naira against the US dollar at the investors’ window in the week, it depreciated by 0.2 per cent or 77 kobo week-on-week to N415.07/$1 from N414.30/$1 in the preceding week.
The weakening of the local currency at the FX market window must have been caused by the rise in the demand for forex experienced at the mid-week and the last trading session as well as the shortage supply of forex to traders to meet the demands of their customers.
It was gathered that last Monday, the domestic currency traded at N414.40/$1 at the I&E segment and appreciated to N414.30/$1 on Tuesday.
At the midweek session, it fell to N415.10/$1 and the next day, it dropped to an all-time low of N422.07/$1 before bouncing back to close at N415.07/$1 last Friday.
Also at the interbank segment of the market, the Nigerian currency lost 0.02 per cent or 10 kobo week-on-week against the American Dollar to trade at N410.91/$1 versus the previous week’s N410.81/$1.
CBN Adds New Feature to Yet-to-be-Launched eNaira
By Sodeinde Temidayo David
The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has announced that the yet-to-be-launched eNaira will have a new add-on that will enable users to complete transactions with mobile phones without Internet capability.
The apex bank, in a document titled Design paper for the eNaira, disclosed that maximising the value and use cases of the nation’s digital currency would depend largely on devices with Internet capabilities.
A few months ago, the CBN said it would launch eNaira on October 1, 2021, but it later suspended this without giving a new date for the unveiling.
This digital currency, which is expected to promote the cashless policy, is expected to become operational after the central bank stopped the trading of unregulated digital currencies in the country like Bitcoin, Ethereum and others.
The eNaira is to be introduced into the country under the Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC), an electronic record or digital token of the local currency and is to be issued and regulated by the monetary authority.
Given the reason, the CBN noted that, “The eNaira thus risks further alienating sections of the population who are uneducated, lack exposure and access to internet services or digital devices.”
The apex bank is adding the new feature to the eNaira following a recent publication that estimated that 35 per cent or about 37.1 million of the nation’s adult population was illiterate.
To face the risk of losing adoption of the digital currency to this segment of the population, the CBN added that the bank has factored in the need for inclusiveness as part of the core design principle of the eNaira.
According to the central bank, this principle has enabled the bank to focus on simplicity and ease on the use of the e-Naira, to ensure that Nigerians without Internet-enabled phones can access the digital service.
The CBN said the eNaira would complement existing payment options available via the mobile banking apps, Point of Sale (POS) terminals, Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD), quick response code and Internet banking, among other channels.
GSMA, a global industry organisation that represents the interests of mobile network operators, had said in a recent report that 19 per cent of people living in Nigeria do not have access to mobile broadband coverage.
In its design paper, the central bank, in a bid to ensure inclusive access while also ensuring the integrity of the financial system, has chosen the account-based CBDC model for the eNaira.
The CBN said, “The account-based CBDC model at its core mirrors the progress made on the National Financial Inclusion Strategy which enables access to financial services by leveraging last-mile networks to identify users and to provide banking services through channels such as PoS and USSD.
“With the account-based model, the CBN seeks to enable access by leveraging the existing identity infrastructure in Nigeria such as the BVN, NIN, TIN, etc., to uniquely identify individuals and corporate entities.
“Specifically, identity frameworks such as the NIN will enable access for the financially excluded as they can be uniquely identified, thereby enabling the provision of financial services. These identity systems will help ensure a robust KYC framework positioned to enable access for all Nigerians.”
The CBN also added that this would help improve cross-border payments and address issues of dollarisation of the economy, as it could be recalled that Visa, a payments company, recently noted that the ease of operating CBDCs would determine the success of digital currencies.
Nigerian Exporters Fail Due to Poor Training, Exposure—NEPC
By Ashemiriogwa Emmanuel
The Nigerian Export Promotion Council (NEPC) has revealed that many Nigerian exporters, including women entrepreneurs, fail in the international market as a result of poor training and exposure to the business.
According to the federal agency, it is necessary for anyone who wants to venture and succeed in the business to undergo adequate training in order to grasp the scope of the competitive venture.
The Executive Director/CEO of the NEPC, Mr Olusegun Awolowo, disclosed this at a capacity building workshop organized for women-owned businesses in the non-oil export value chain in Akure, Ondo State on Friday, October 15
Speaking at the event, which was organised by the Export Development and Incentive Department of the NEPC, Mr Awolowo said that, “Lack of export market training is one of the major reasons Nigerian exporters fail in the international market.
“Exporters need to learn the specific requirements of the target markets as well as the certification needed for the product to be exported.”
Represented by the Head/Trade Promotion Advisor at NEPC Akure, Mr Macpherson Fred-Ileogben, the agency’s head noted that it was for this reason that the council decided to organise the workshop.
The training featured coaching and networking sessions to give women entrepreneurs the opportunity to improve their knowledge of competitiveness in the export market.
He cited that the involvement of women in trade will not only promote gender equality but also increase the growth potential of the nation.
As a result of the gradual recovery from the global pandemic, players in the non-oil exporting business into the international market have been tasked to think outside the box to ensure continuity.
To realize this, it would be recalled that the agency also organized a sensitisation workshop in Lagos in September 2021 which was themed Earn Dollars by Selling on Amazon to help stakeholders see the opportunities in leveraging e-commerce.
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