Local Bourse Expands by 0.55% as FBN Holdings Remains Busiest Stock
By Dipo Olowookere
It was a positive outcome for the local bourse on Wednesday as it grew by 0.55 per cent on the back of sustained interest in the stock market despite forecasts that the Nigerian economy would face headwinds in the year.
Investors were upbeat in the midweek session at the Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Limited, and they picked equities with sound fundamentals as companies prepare to release their Q4 and full-year earnings in the coming weeks.
At the close of business, the All-Share Index (ASI) jumped by 283.27 points to 51,729.87 points from 51,446.60 points, and the market capitalisation decreased by N154 billion to settle at N28.176 trillion compared with the previous day’s N28.022 trillion.
Business Post reports that the market breadth was positive yesterday as there were 26 appreciating stocks and 12 depreciating stocks, indicating a very strong investor sentiment.
Thomas Wyatt topped the gainers’ chart after it grew by 9.48 per cent to N1.27, Champion Breweries improved by 9.45 per cent to N4.75, FTN Cocoa increased by 7.69 per cent to 28 Kobo, Mutual Benefits rose by 6.67 per cent to 32 Kobo, and Courteville moved up by 6.52 per cent to 49 Kobo.
On the flip side, Chellarams topped the losers’ log after its value went down by 9.89 per cent to N1.64, Royal Exchange dropped 7.41 per cent to N1.00, Coronation Insurance fell by 6.67 per cent to 42 Kobo, Axa Mansard decreased by 6.54 per cent to N2.00, and RT Briscoe declined by 3.57 per cent to 27 Kobo.
Yesterday, the industrial goods sector appreciated by 1.48 per cent, the banking counter rose by 1.05 per cent, and the consumer goods index improved by 0.15 per cent, while the insurance space lost 0.67 per cent, with the energy counter closing flat.
A total of 281.9 million shares worth N8.2 billion were traded in 3,679 deals during the session compared with the 345.5 million shares worth N8.3 billion transacted in 4,184 deals on Tuesday, indicating a decline in the trading volume, value and the number of deals by 18.41 per cent, 1.21 per cent and 12.07 per cent, respectively.
FBN Holdings remained the busiest stock on Wednesday as it transacted 108.9 million units, followed by BUA Cement, which sold 42.4 million units. GTCO exchanged 34.0 million shares, Access Holdings traded 13.5 million stocks, and Transcorp transacted 13.4 million equities.
Nigeria’s Debt Profile Jumps 17% to N46.25trn in 2022
By Adedapo Adesanya
Nigeria’s total public debt stock increased by 17 per cent to N46.25 trillion or $103.11 billion as of December 2022 from N39.56 trillion or $95.77 billion in 2021.
This information was revealed by the Debt Management Office (DMO) on Thursday.
This means that the country’s debt profile precisely increased by 16.9 per cent or N6.69 trillion or $7.34 billion within one year, as the government borrow funds from various quarters for its budget deficits.
The agency said the new figures comprise the domestic and external total debt stocks of the federal government and the sub-national governments (36 state governments and the Federal Capital Territory).
The DMO statement partly read, “As of December 31, 2022, the total public debt stock was N46.25 trillion or $103.11 billion.
“In terms of composition, total domestic debt stock was N27.55 trillion ($61.42 billion) while total external debt stock was N18.70 trillion ($41.69 billion).
“Amongst the reasons for the increase in the total public debt stock were new borrowings by the FGN and sub-national governments, primarily to fund budget deficits and execute projects. The issuance of promissory notes by the FGN to settle some liabilities also contributed to the growth in the debt stock.
“On-going efforts by the government to increase revenues from oil and non-oil sources through initiatives such as the Finance Acts and the Strategic Revenue Mobilization initiative are expected to support debt sustainability.”
“The total public debt to gross domestic product (GDP) ratio for December 31, 2022, was 23.20 per cent and indicates a slight increase from the figure for December 31, 2022, at 22.47 per cent.
“The ratio of 23.20 per cent is within the 40 per cent limit self-imposed by Nigeria, the 55 per cent limit recommended by the World Bank/International Monetary Fund, and the 70 per cent limit recommended by the Economic Community of West African States,” the debt office said.
12-Month Treasury Bills Now 14.74% as Appetite Falls
By Dipo Olowookere
The 364-day treasury bills stop rate was raised by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) at the primary market auction (PMA) on Wednesday by 5.25 per cent as appetite for the asset class waned.
The central bank, which conducted the exercise, did not record the usual hunger for the debt instrument by investors yesterday, ostensibly because of how the bank had tinkered with the rates in the previous exercises.
But the apex bank surprised subscribers at the PMA on Wednesday when it jerked the rate higher to 14.74 per cent from the 9.49 per cent it cleared in the previous PMA.
According to details of the exercise, the CBN auctioned the one-year bill worth N139.96 billion and received subscriptions valued at N165.28 billion, allotting N142.16 billion.
Business Post reports that it was not only the 12-month dated instrument that enjoyed the rate hike yesterday as the two others benefitted.
The central auctioned N3.34 billion worth of the 182-day bill during the session but had investors stake N1.56 billion on it, with N1.56 billion allotted to successful bidders at 8.00 per cent compared with the previous session’s 5.00 per cent, indicating an increase of 3.00 per cent.
As for the 91-day bill, the rate cleared at 6.00 per cent after it was moved higher by 3.45 per cent from 2.55 per cent. This was after the apex bank allotted N1.75 billion to subscribers, the same amount of bids it received from the N2.16 billion taken to the market on Wednesday.
Recall that some days ago, the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of Nigeria’s central bank increased the Monetary Policy Rate (MPR), which is the benchmark interest rate in the country, by 0.50 per cent to 18.00 per cent.
The team explained that the rate hike was mainly to tame rising inflation in Nigeria, which the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) said stood at 21.91 per cent in February.
China’s Investment in Africa Has Cut Need for Loans from World Bank, IMF—Osinbajo
By Adedapo Adesanya
The Vice President of Nigeria, Mr Yemi Osinbajo, has lauded China’s investment in Africa, saying it has reduced dependency on loans from Bretton Woods, which consists of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
In a statement seen by Business Post, the VP, at an event at King’s College London on March 27, 2023, stated that “China shows up where and when the West will not and or are reluctant.”
He said this was evident in the investment of the Asian giant in Africa, which he said stood at $254 billion in 2021, about four times the volume of US-Africa trade.
He also noted that, “China is the largest provider of foreign direct investment, supporting hundreds of thousands of African jobs. This is roughly double the level of U.S. foreign direct investment, adding that, “China remains by far the largest lender to African countries.”
He also noted that Chinese companies had taken the lead in exploiting minerals in Africa, many now in lithium mining in Mali, Ghana, Nigeria DRC, Zimbabwe and Namibia.
The Nigerian second-in-command said that China has always shown up for African countries while outrightly condemning Western countries in that regard.
He said, “Most African countries are rightly unapologetic about their close ties with China. China shows up where and when the west will not or are reluctant.”
He added, “And many African countries are of the view that the beware of the Chinese Trojan loans advise forming the west is wise but probably self-serving,” explaining that, “Africa needs the loans and the infrastructure. And China offers them. In any case, the history of loans from Western institutions is not great.”
Taking a step further, Mr Osinbajo sent a salvo to the World Bank and the IMF over the conditions attached to their loan facilities.
“The memory of the destructive conditionalities of the Bretton Woods loans is still fresh, and the debris is everywhere.
“And the preoccupation of western governments and media with the so-called China debt trap might well be an overreaction,” he added.
“I recommend an eye-opening lecture by Professor Deborah Brautigam about two weeks ago at Jesus College Cambridge.
“The truth, as she points out, is that all of the Chinese lendings to Africa is only 5 per cent of all outstanding public and publicly guaranteed debt in low and middle-income countries, compared to 23% held by the World Bank and other multilaterals.”
He alluded that Chinese lenders account for 12 per cent of Africa’s private and public external debt.
“And the Chinese have also been there when the debts cannot be paid. In early 2020 as COVID battered African economies, China came together with other G20 members to launch the Debt Service Suspension Initiative (DSSI).
“About 73 low-income economies benefited from the suspension of principal and interest payments. Chinese banks provided 63 per cent of the total debt relief while being only owed 30 per cent of the debt service payments due,” he quipped.
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