By Modupe Gbadeyanka
The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) has collaborated with the World Bank Living Standards Measurement Study Team to design and implement the General Household Survey (GHS) – Panel.
The GHS-Panel survey is a nationally representative survey that contains detailed information on household socioeconomic and income-generating activities.
It is being administered every two to three years on a sub-sample of the 5,000 GHS households first surveyed in 2010.
The GHS-Panel data is collected in two visits designed to coincide with major periods of the main agricultural season (post-planting and post-harvest). Three rounds of the survey have been implemented thus far – 2010/11, 2012/13, 2015/2016.
This data launch is for the 2015/16 round of the survey. The complete set of data and survey documentation will be launched at the workshop in Abuja on December 13, 2016.
The workshop includes representatives from various government and non-governmental agencies in Nigeria. The data and documentation will “go live” (be online) the same day.
Some highlights of the survey results are
Education: School enrollment among children aged 5-14 increased from 78.3% in 2013 to 81.2% in 2016.
Access to electricity: 59.3% of households have electricity in their dwelling. On average, electricity is available for 35.8 hours per week with an annual cost of around 27,000 Naira.
Access to mobile phone and internet: on average 88.7% of persons 10 years and older have access to a mobile phone while 17.4% have access to the internet.
Shocks: main shocks include increase in the price of food items (12.4% of households experience the shock), followed by death or disability of a household member (5.7%) and increasing price for inputs (3.6%)
Nonfarm enterprise: Over 67% of Nigerian households own and operate a nonfarm enterprise. The most common activities for these enterprises is retail trade (59%), other personal services (10.2%), and land transport (9.4%).
Agriculture: the most commonly grown crops are maize (48.3% of crop producing households), cassava (41.6%), and sorghum (39%). When producing maize, 28.6% of households used purchased seeds, 64.9% used fertilizer, 45.1 % used herbicide, and 28.4% used insecticide.
- The GHS-Panel represents a uniquely detailed source of information on the living standards and wellbeing of Nigerian households. Since the survey follows the same households over time and collects a rich set of information, there is great potential for analysis and policy recommendations across a wide array of development sectors. The data from all three waves is made freely available in order to spur government officials, independent researchers, and donors to monitor living standards and formulate policies aimed at improving the lives of ordinary Nigerians.
19.2% Ease in FX Trades Bolsters Naira by 0.01% at I&E
By Adedapo Adesanya
A 19.2 per cent moderation in the value of foreign exchange (forex) transactions recorded at the Investors and Exporters (I&E) window of the FX market helped the Naira with extra weight to push down the value of the Dollar by 0.01 per cent or 5 kobo on Friday, June 24.
According to data obtained by Business Post from the FMDQ Securities Exchange, the exchange rate of the Naira to the Dollar at the market window was N420.12/$1 in contrast to N420.17/$1 it closed on Thursday.
The value of FX trades at the window was $162.98 million, $38.83 million lower than the $201.81 million achieved in the preceding trading day.
At the Peer-to-Peer (P2P) segment, the local currency further appreciated against the American currency by 0.32 per cent or N2 to trade at N618/$1 compared with the N620/$1 it was traded a day earlier.
But at the interbank window of the market, the Naira depreciated against the British Pound Sterling by N1.96 to trade at N510.02/£1 versus the preceding session’s N508.06/£1 and slid by N1.04 against the Euro to close the day at N437.60/€1 compared with N436.56/€1 of the previous day.
Meanwhile, the recovery recorded by TerraClassicUSD (USTC) in the cryptocurrency market on Thursday appeared to be short-lived as it lost 11.5 per cent on Friday to trade at $0.0100.
It was the only digital coin of the 10 tokens tracked by this newspaper to shed weight yesterday as Solana (SOL) posted a 10.3 per cent growth to settle at $42.28.
Ethereum (ETH) went up by 7.4 per cent to sell at $1,236.08, Dogecoin (DOGE) appreciated by 6.2 per cent to trade at $0.0691, Binance Coin (BNB) jumped by 4.3 per cent after a deal with Cristiano Ronaldo to quote at $241.40, Bitcoin (BTC) recorded a 2.7 per cent rise to trade at $21,508.22, Cardano (ADA) jumped by 2.6 per cent to $0.5053, Litecoin (LTC) leapt by 0.6 per cent to $57.02, Ripple (XRP) recorded a 0.07 per cent rise to trade at $0.3718, while the US Dollar Tether (USDT) gained 0.01 per cent to sell for $0.9995.
NASD Exchange Closes Last Day of the Week 0.42% Higher
By Adedapo Adesanya
The last trading session of the week on the NASD Over-the-Counter (OTC) Securities Exchange closed on a positive note on Friday by 0.42 per cent.
This was influenced by the gains recorded by Niger Delta Exploration and Production (NDEP) Plc and Central Securities Clearing System (CSCS) Plc.
NDEP grew during the day by N18 or 10 per cent to close at N198.00 per unit compared to the previous day’s N180.00 per unit, while CSCS Plc rose by 20 kobo or 1.37 per cent to close at N14.80 per unit as against the N14.60 per unit it was previously sold.
At the end of the day’s trading, the NASD Unlisted Securities Index (NSI) gained 3.24 points to settle at 768.27 points compared with the earlier day’s 765.03 points.
In the same trend, the bourse’s market capitalisation closed at N1.011 trillion as investors expanded the total value of securities on the platform by N4.27 billion. On Thursday, the market capitalisation stood at N1.007 billion.
At the market, the total volume of shares bought and sold by investors increased by 251.7 per cent to 323,519 units from 91,997 units, the total value of transactions appreciated by 53.1 per cent to N8.9 million from N5.8 million, while the total number of trades went down by 15.4 per cent to 11 deals from 13 deals.
AG Mortgage Bank Plc finished the trading week as the most traded stock by volume on a year-to-date basis with the sale of 2.3 billion units worth N1.2 billion, CSCS Plc also retained the second spot with the sale of 674.2 million units valued at N14.1 billion, while Food Concepts Plc was in third place for trading 146.0 million units valued at N126.7 million.
In the same vein, CSCS Plc maintained its position as the most active stock by value on a year-to-date basis with a turnover of 674.2 million units valued at N14.1 billion, VFD Group Plc was in second place with 10.9 million units worth N3.2 billion, while FrieslandCampina WAMCO Nigeria Plc retained the third place with the sale of 9.6 million units valued at N1.2 billion.
Oil Market Jumps 3% on Tighter Supply
By Adedapo Adesanya
The oil market improved by about 3 per cent on Friday, supported by tighter supply, with the Brent crude futures growing by $3.07 or 2.8 per cent to $113.12 a barrel and the US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures expanding by $3.35 or 3.2 per cent to $107.62.
Despite the bullish news on Friday, the black gold notched its second weekly decline on concerns that rising interest rates could push the world economy into recession.
The already tight market was further impacted as crude production dropped 45 per cent in less than a decade, currently averaging 275,000 barrels per day as protests of indigenous nationalities of Ecuador demanding fuel subsidies saw them invade and vandalize at least a dozen of oil fields and risk pipeline supply to the country’s ports.
Indigenous leaders have presented the government of President Guillermo Lasso with a list of 10 demands, including a freeze on national gas prices, greater investments in education and healthcare, and more jobs.
In an unprecedented turn of events, the world’s most-watched oil data report on inventories from the US was not released this week due to a power problem.
The Energy Information Administration (EIA) hopes to shed more light on the reasons for the delay next Monday.
Meanwhile, the US Federal Reserve’s unconditional focus on taming inflation continues to squeeze speculators out of the Brent and WTI futures contracts.
The US Federal Reserve Chair, Mr Jerome Powell, said the central bank’s focus on curbing inflation was “unconditional”, adding to fears about more interest rate hikes.
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine exacerbated tight supplies this year just as demand has been recovering from the COVID pandemic.
Crude has also gained support from the almost total shutdown of output in OPEC member Libya due to unrest.
On Thursday, the Libyan oil minister said the National Oil Corporation (NOC) chairman was withholding production data from him, raising doubts over figures issued last week.
The Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and its allies, known as OPEC+, meet on June 30 and are expected to stick to a plan to only slightly accelerate hikes in oil production in July and August.
US energy firms added oil and natural gas rigs for a second week in a row in a record 23-month streak of increases, as high crude prices and prodding by the government prompted drillers to return to the wellpad.
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