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Nigeria’s Response to Oil Spills Poor—NNRC

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oil spills NNRC NOSDRA

By Adedapo Adesanya

The Nigeria Natural Resource Charter (NNRC) has disclosed that Nigeria is currently suffering from poor response to oil spill and lack of capacity of government’s agencies to tackle environmental issues.

The NNRC said this in a presentation by its Program Coordinator, Ms Tengi George-Ikoli, at a webinar titled Nigerian Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA) Amendment Bill: Reducing environmental degradation through improved oil spill response.

According to Ms George-Ikoli, NOSDRA, the agency set up to address some of the grave consequences of oil exploitation, which is also mandated to respond to oil spills, was currently hampered by an almost debilitating lack of capacity.

She further stated that there is currently poor response to oil spills because of NOSDRA’s lack of capacity, adding, however, that the capacity gaps in NOSDRA were not due to a lack of expertise but lack of funding and punitive powers.

Ms George-Ikoli lamented that oil exploitation had always presented a huge negative impact on the ecosystem of the Niger Delta region, giving rise to intense land degradation, rapid agricultural decline, fisheries depletion, rampant and destructive oil spillages, continuous gas flaring and toxic water contamination among others.

This, she added, had negatively affected the health, environment and livelihoods of the Niger Delta people.

In her words, “Oil exploitation is now ongoing in the Lagos-Badagry region and now we have discoveries in the Northern part of Nigeria. All over Nigeria, oil exploitation grows, but we must note that as the benefits grow, the resultant negative externalities grow as well.

“The oil age like the coal age and the stone age will at some point set. States that contributed to the coal age in Nigeria are now left to their devices with the shift to oil. What happens to the Niger Delta region with the shift towards alternative energy sources or to other regions in Nigeria where oil is being exploited? The Niger Delta will be left with its diminished livelihoods, health and environment.

“This is no longer theoretical, as we saw with the COVID-19 health crisis that swept the globe. The Niger Delta concerns were not as high on the priority list. This is the reality that the Niger Delta will face with the zero oil scenario.

“In April 2010, the entire world watched in awe as the 4.9 million barrels of oil spilled into the Gulf of Mexico after an explosion on BP’s Deep-water Horizon drilling rig unfolded. The seriousness of the issue was underlined with the numerous visits of the former United States President, Barack Obama and Congressmen to the spill sites.

“In less than two months after the spill, the American government was able to extract a huge sum of $20 billion from the spiller to mitigate the immediate impact of the spill on the environment.

“However, there were spirited efforts to clean the environment and stronger indications that the $20 billion may only be a preliminary appeasement. What would be and what has been the computation of the penalties for similar spills in Nigeria? Will NOSDRA be able to address similar large scale spills effectively?”

She further called for the speedy passage and assent to the reviewed NOSDRA amendment bill, stating that the bill would ensure that NOSDRA was well equipped to tackle all tiers of oil spillages in the Nigerian environment in line with global best practices.

“As we seek to understand the NOSDRA Amendment bill, President concerns, the address of those concerns, we will encourage the government to collaboratively resolve any outstanding issues to ensure the interests of the Niger Delta people and all other exploited regions are protected,” Ms George-Ikoli appealed.

On his part, Mr Sam Kabari, a Lecturer in Environmental Management and Pollution Control, Nigeria Maritime University, Okerenkoko, Delta State, stated that the country needed a NOSDRA which functions as an environmental regulator in the issuance of guidelines and standards and able to address all manner of spills, noting that at the moment, NOSDRA can only detect oil spills but cannot respond.

He further stated that at present, NOSDRA lacked powers to respond to Tier 3 spills, which is between 250 barrels onshore and 2,500 barrels offshore; was dependent on oil companies for logistics, among others.

Mr Kabari said: “As a nation completely dependent on oil and gas, we need an environmental management umpire. The current regulatory framework restricts NOSDRA from achieving that function. The NOSDRA Amendment Bill will empower NOSDRA to respond to all manners of spills within Nigeria. We have to empower NOSDRA now, or live with pollution even after oil.”

Adedapo Adesanya is a journalist, polymath, and connoisseur of everything art. When he is not writing, he has his nose buried in one of the many books or articles he has bookmarked or simply listening to good music with a bottle of beer or wine. He supports the greatest club in the world, Manchester United F.C.

Economy

Financial Derivatives Company Holds Economic Forum December 5

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Financial Derivatives Company Economic Forum

By Aduragbemi Omiyale

On Monday, December 5, 2022, economic experts, financial analysts, business owners, chief executives and policymakers, among others, will gather for an economic forum organised by Financial Derivatives Company Limited.

The programme will discuss how the COVID-19 pandemic affected many businesses, how some survived it, and things to put in place to mitigate against further pandemics.

In 2020, the world was brought to its knees as the virus shut down the economy, with many people unable to move freely because of restrictions put in place by the various governments to tame the disease, which is still in China, where it emanated from.

The effect of the virus is still being felt across the world as inflation and high energy costs, also influenced by the invasion of Ukraine by Russia, have worsened things for many business owners and nations.

These happenings have disrupted the business environment, and to discuss ways to navigate these crises, FDC is bringing together business leaders across the private sector, economic policymakers, and MSMEs at the event themed Corporate resilience: Economic recovery against unforeseen pandemics.

According to the Managing Director of FDC, Mr Bismarck Rewane, the workshop will drive conversations on the present economic outlook and propel dialogues that will explore measures that are needed to strengthen business organisations in preparedness for future uncertainties like the pandemic so that it becomes easier to overcome the crisis and begin the recovery phase.

“The economy and the business landscape, including large corporations, focus on growth in revenue and business expansion. They spend a lot of time and resources developing crisis management programmes with possible scenarios but not with the magnitude of the pandemic.

“The shock has had an irrecoverable effect on the global economy with double-digit inflation in many countries as never seen. As economic stakeholders, we can dialogue to find ways in which businesses are prepared for such situations so that their recovery is less painstaking.

“Is the pandemic over? Would it reoccur? Will there be equitable economic recovery for all corporates?

“These are questions without certain responses. Indeed, these are the uncertainties we must prepare for, and that will form part of the conversation this forum hopes to drive,” he commented.

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Economy

Interswitch Reaffirms Interest in Fostering Deeper Ties Financial Ecosystem

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By Modupe Gbadeyanka

The leading digital payments company in Nigeria, Interswitch, has reaffirmed its interest in fostering deeper collaboration between banks and financial technology (fintech) firms within the financial ecosystem by agreeing to be the premium sponsor of the 2022 annual conference of the Committee of e-Business Industry Heads (CeBIH) scheduled for Friday, December 2, 2022, in Lagos.

The annual event, which has enjoyed keen support from the technology giant, has over the years come to be regarded as the point of convergence for stakeholders representing the different sectors of the Nigerian Payment Industry (NPI).

With the theme, Leveraging Ecosystem Synergy to Combat Fraud, the 2022 conference is tailored to emphasise the need for and importance of Payments Ecosystem Players (PEP) to collaborate to win the fight against electronic payment fraud.

“At Interswitch, we remain committed to supporting and partnering with platforms that share our vision to drive a greater, more financially inclusive ecosystem in Nigeria and on the African continent at large.

“Platforms such as the CeBIH conference provide Interswitch and other industry players the opportunity to engage with key stakeholders and collaborators from the financial system with a view to improving our offerings to our customers amid market demands, global trends, and insights from the operating environment,” the Managing Director, Payment Processing and Switching (Interswitch Purepay), Mr Akeem Lawal, said.

He described the conference as an enabler of the growth and improvement of Nigeria’s payment ecosystem, where industry players identify prevalent challenges in the financial ecosystem, provide innovative solutions hinged on current trends, and make quantifiable projections for the future.

Interswitch, as a key industry stakeholder, will be instrumental in spearheading these discussions, especially with its recent efforts around the innovative solutions it provides to curb fraud associated with e-payment.

The digital commerce organisation has continued to blaze the trail in its role as a major partner of the committee and its retreat since 2016.

The CeBIH Retreat, now in its tenth year, attracts key stakeholders from across the various sectors in Nigeria’s payment industry, serving as an avenue for dialogue among industry players.

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Economy

Nigeria, UK Seek Stronger Ties as Trade Value Hits £5.5bn

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By Adedapo Adesanya

The governments of Nigeria and the United Kingdom have disclosed that the trade value between the two countries in 2022 stood at £5.5 billion.

This was disclosed in a statement jointly signed by the Minister of Industry, Trade and Investment, Mr Adeniyi Adebayo, and UK Trade Envoy to Nigeria, Mrs Helen Grant, at the 8th ministerial meeting of the United Kingdom-Nigeria Economic Development Forum (EDF).

“Of this £5.5 billion, total UK exports to Nigeria amounted to £3.3 billion in the four quarters of 2022, while total UK imports from Nigeria amounted to £2.2 billion in the four quarters of Q2 2022,” it said.

The statement said that UK and Nigeria reaffirmed their commitment to deepen the trade relationship between both countries.

“It was a confirmation of their shared interest in pursuing an enhanced trade and investment partnership for increased engagement.

“UK and Nigeria agreed that the enhanced trade and investment partnership will offer an alternative high-profile mechanism to progress bilateral economic issues of mutual strategic importance.

“Under this, both sides will continue to work together to resolve market access issues and enhance economic cooperation,” the statement said.

It quoted the UK International Trade Secretary, Ms Kemi Badenoch, as saying, “Nigeria is Africa’s largest economy and I’m delighted to see our trade and investment links grow, already worth £5.5 billion.

“The successes of the EDF over the last four years have helped address crucial market access barriers and boosted our exchanges in key sectors such as legal and financial Services.

“I welcome the shared interest in exploring an enhanced trade and investment partnership between our nations that will open up new opportunities for UK and Nigerian business, create jobs, and future-proof our economies against a changing world.”

Ms Badenoch said that the UK recently inaugurated the Developing Countries Trading Scheme (DCTS) with enhanced preferences for Nigeria-UK Trade and Investment.

According to her, the new scheme which will come into effect in early 2023, will cut tariffs on hundreds of everyday products from developing countries.

Similarly, UK Trade Envoy to Nigeria, Mrs Helen Grant, said “the UK and Nigeria go far when we go together.

“We are supporting Nigeria on the path to becoming a higher-growth, more inclusive, and more sustainable economy as we move toward the 2023 elections.

“This is part of a wider push by the UK to drive a free trade, pro-growth agenda across the globe, using trade to drive prosperity and help eradicate poverty.

“A potential enhanced trade and investment partnership would include a series of commitments to tackle non-tariff market access barriers to deliver tangible results for businesses in both the UK and Nigeria,” she said.

“This will be welcome news to Nigerian exporters. It will equally extend tariff cuts to hundreds of more products exported from Nigeria and other developing countries, going further than the EU’s Generalised Scheme of Preferences.

“This is on top of the thousands of products, which Nigeria can already export to the UK duty-free,” she said.

On his part, Mr Adebayo said that it was important that what comes out of the working group builds upon its principles and strengthens its outcomes.

“I know that both Nigeria and the United Kingdom have exchanged policy papers detailing how they wish to proceed, and I look forward to feedback as both papers are reviewed.

“I have always held the strong conviction that there is no crisis without an accompanying opportunity and solution.

“Increased collaboration with Nigeria and other developing markets is needed to mitigate against both current and potential future supply-chain challenges.

“To this end, the introduction of the Developing Countries Trading Scheme (DCTS) is warmly welcomed.

“The reduction in tariffs on hundreds of everyday products should be a win for both Nigerian exporters and UK consumers who are able to access our products at a lower price,” he said.

The minister said that in 2021, UK exports to Nigeria in Dollar terms were $1.64 billion, and Nigerian exports to the UK were valued at $1.12 billion.

“Not too far apart. As we move into 2023, it will be good to see the DCTS grow these numbers,” he said.

Mr Adebayo said that increasing bilateral trade was key for both nations, and the agreement must strategically promote its increase.

“We must continue to work together to resolve market access issues and enhance economic cooperation.”

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