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South East Economy Under Threat as IPOB Declares Tuesday Work-Free

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South East Economy

By Adedapo Adesanya

Economic activities in the south eastern part of Nigeria will likely be halted on Tuesday, September 14, 2021, as the outlawed secessionist group, the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB), has asked residents of the region to observe a sit-at-home order to commemorate victims of the invasion of the compound of its leader, Mr Nnamdi Kanu, at Afaraukwu Ibeku Umuahia, Abia State, by the Nigerian Army in 2017.

The Media and Publicity Secretary of IPOB, Mr Emma Powerful, in a statement said, “We the global movement of the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) wish to remind all Biafrans, friends of Biafra and lovers of Biafra freedom across the globe that the sit-at-home order issued by the IPOB leadership to be observed tomorrow, Tuesday, September 14, 2021, is sacrosanct.”

The group had started the sit-at-home strategy more than a month ago following the alleged smuggling of Mr Kanu back to Nigeria from Kenya in the last week of June 2021. IPOB said it believes that the economic sabotage would force the government to release him even as casualties keep mounting.

Since Monday, August 8, 2021, commercial activities have been put on hold and businesses cannot operate due to strict enforcement as seen in cases where people have been killed and properties damaged.

The implication of the sit-at-home directive continues to tell on the South East economy with analysts stating that it will hurt the ability of the region to contribute to the country’s recovering economy.

A glimpse of this is seen from research conducted by socioeconomic intelligence firm, SBM Intelligence last week following a survey, with a sample size of 1,012, that showed that the five states in the South-East geopolitical zone were affected by the order.

According to them, Ebonyi state was the most affected economically by the protest with as many as 84 per cent of the survey’s respondents admitting so, followed by 74.42 per cent of respondents in Enugu.

Anambra and Imo states were tied at 55 per cent while Abia state had the least disruption to economic activity with only 42 per cent of respondents affected by the protest.

Adedapo Adesanya is a journalist, polymath, and connoisseur of everything art. When he is not writing, he has his nose buried in one of the many books or articles he has bookmarked or simply listening to good music with a bottle of beer or wine. He supports the greatest club in the world, Manchester United F.C.

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Economy

John Holt Shares Leap 30.16% at Stock Market in One Week

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John Holt

By Dipo Olowookere

Shares of John Holt Plc grew by 30.16 per cent last to 82 Kobo from the previous week’s 63 Kobo as investors are beginning to look in the direction of the construction company’s stocks at the Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Limited.

The organisation was among the 34 equities that gained points in the week compared with the preceding week’s 16 equities as traders are starting to show interest in the market ahead of the earnings season.

Cornerstone Insurance appreciated in the week by 30.97 per cent to 75 Kobo, Okomu Oil gained 12.09 per cent to sell for N216.90, The Initiates rose by 10.00 per cent to 44 Kobo, while FBN Holdings improved by 9.95 per cent to N11.60.

In the week, 29 shares depreciated in price compared with the preceding week’s 56 shares and the heaviest loser was PZ Cussons, which fell by 18.40 per cent to N10.20. University Press dropped 10.42 per cent to N2.58, Prestige Assurance went down by 10.00 per cent to 36 Kobo, NGX Group depleted by 9.55 per cent to N22.25, while Honeywell Flour reduced by 8.91 per cent to N2.76.

According to data from the exchange, a total of 93 equities closed flat against the 84 equities recorded in the previous week.

Business Post reports that the All-Share Index and the market capitalisation improved last week by 0.24 per cent to 51,829.67 points and N27.942 trillion respectively.

Similarly, all other indices finished higher with the exception of the Afr bank value, AFR Div Yield, MERI Value, consumer goods, oil/gas and industrial goods indices which depreciated by 0.43 per cent, 0.36 per cent, 0.38 per cent, 0.40 per cent, 0.25 per cent and 0.13 per cent apiece while the sovereign bond index closed flat.

The exchange witnessed a rise in the transaction level in the week as traders bought and sold 1.348 billion shares worth N24.487 billion in 22,155 deals in contrast to the 1.121 billion shares worth N13.703 billion that exchanged hands in 22,350 deals a week earlier.

Financial stocks led the activity chart with 1.009 billion units valued at N6.796 billion traded in 11,352 deals, contributing 74.87 per cent and 27.75 per cent to the total equity turnover volume and value respectively.

Conglomerates equities followed with 79,616 million units worth N144.549 million in 689 deals and the third place was occupied by energy shares with 72.996 million units worth N1.862 billion in 1,799 deals.

Mutual Benefits Assurance, Living Trust Mortgage Bank and GTCO were the busiest stocks with a turnover of 484.839 million units worth N2.414 billion in 2,410 deals, accounting for 35.97 per cent and 9.86 per cent of the total trading volume and value respectively.

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Economy

SERAP Tasks FG to Recover Missing N105.7bn to Fund Universities

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SERAP

By Adedapo Adesanya

The federal government has been tasked to urgently recover the missing N105.7 billion of public funds from ministries, departments and agencies (MDAs) to fund the country’s public tertiary institutions.

The charge was given by the Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP) in a letter to President Muhammadu Buhari dated July 2, 2022.

The group, in the letter signed its deputy director, Mr Kolawole Oluwadare, noted that the money could be used to improve the welfare of members of the striking Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU).

“Pending the recovery of the missing public funds, we urge you to redirect some of the presidency’s budget of N3.6 billion on feeding and travels, and the N134 billion allocated to the National Assembly in the 2022 budget to meet the demands by ASUU,” it stated, urging the President to “send to the National Assembly a fresh supplementary appropriation bill, which reflects the proposed redirected budget, for its approval.”

“Meeting the demands by ASUU would confront the persistent and widening inequality in educational opportunity, and promote equal protection for poor Nigerian children,” the association said, adding that, “The apparent failure by your government to agree with the reasonable demands by ASUU, implement the good faith agreement with the union and to satisfactorily resolve the issues has kept poor Nigerian children at home while the children of the country’s politicians attend private schools.”

The ASUU accused the government of poor commitment to the payment of academic earned allowance (EAA); poor funding, the continued use of the Integrated Personnel Payroll Information System and refusal to adopt the Universities Transparency and Accountability Solution (UTAS), among others.

SERAP lamented, “The poor treatment of Nigerian children in the country’s public tertiary institutions,” saying it is “inconsistent and incompatible with the Nigerian Constitution and the country’s international human rights obligations.”

“Widening inequalities in the area of education bear all the more dramatic consequences given the importance of education, as an empowering right, in giving the possibility to all to explore and realise their potential.

“Inequalities in education have a rolling effect, leading to even more and continued inequalities in the future.”

“Apart from being a right in itself, the right to education is also an enabling right. Education creates the ‘voice’ through which rights can be claimed and protected, and without education, people lack the capacity to achieve valuable functioning as part of living.

“If people have access to the education they can develop the skills, capacity and confidence to secure other rights. Education gives people the ability to access information detailing the range of rights that they hold, and government’s obligations.”

“We would be grateful if the recommended measures are taken within seven days of the receipt and/or publication of this letter. If we have not heard from you by then, SERAP shall take all appropriate legal actions to compel your government to comply with our request in the public interest,” it stated.

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Economy

Nigeria Loses $1bn to Crude Oil Theft in Q1 2022

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crude oil distillation

By Adedapo Adesanya

The Nigerian Upstream Petroleum Regulatory Commission (NUPRC) has disclosed that Nigeria lost $1 billion in revenue during the first quarter of this year due to crude oil theft.

According to Mr Gbenga Komolafe, the head of the commission, out of the 141 million barrels of oil produced in the first quarter of 2022, only about 132 million barrels of oil were received at export terminals.

“This indicates that over nine million barrels of oil were lost to crude oil theft… this amounts to a loss in government revenue of about $1 billion… in just one quarter,” Mr Komolafe said.

“This trend poses an existential threat to the oil and gas sector and by extension, the Nigerian economy if not curbed,” he added.

The petroleum industry regulator said that crude oil theft has increased to a daily average of 108,000 barrels in the first quarter of 2022 from 103,000 barrels in 2021.

The theft has resulted in the declaration of force majeure at Bonny Oil & Gas Terminal, a pipeline transporting crude from the oil-rich Niger Delta to export vessels, among others, creating a hostile environment and disincentive to investors.

Nigeria loses millions of barrels of crude oil a year because of theft and vandalism including the tapping of crude from a maze of pipelines owned by oil majors.

This has restricted the country from meeting the 1.799 million barrels per day of crude oil production allocated to it by the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and allies (OPEC+) for consecutive months.

Recently, the country for yet another month failed to meet its crude oil production output as it recorded a decline of 80,000 barrels per day in June.

Earlier in May, Nigeria lost 45,000 barrels per day, making it the largest laggard among the countries not exempted from the 2020 output deal.

According to a Reuters survey, secondary data from sources showed that this decline occurred as a result of outages and maintenance curbed output.

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