An LLC, or limited liability company, is a business structure that provides limited liability protection to its owners. This means that the personal assets of the owners are protected in the event that the company faces legal action. LLCs are popular among small business owners because they are relatively easy to set up and offer a high level of protection from personal financial risk.
One of the key features of an LLC is that the owners are jointly and severally liable for the debts and actions of the company. This means that each owner is equally responsible for the financial stability of the LLC and can be held liable for any legal issues that may arise. This joint and several liability is one of the main reasons why partners may want to dissolve an LLC partnership.
If one partner wants to dissolve an LLC partnership, there are a few options available.
1) Buy out interest
The first option is to buy out the other partner’s interest in the company. This can be done through a variety of methods, such as negotiating a price for the buyout or taking out a loan to finance the purchase. Once the buyout is complete, the partner who purchased the other partner’s interest will be the sole owner of the LLC.
For example, imagine that John and Jane are partners in an LLC. John decides that he wants to dissolve the partnership and buy Jane’s interest in the company. They agree on a price of $100,000 for the buyout. John takes out a loan for $100,000 and uses the money to purchase Jane’s interest in the company. He is now the sole owner of the LLC.
2) Sell interest to a third party
Another option is to sell the partner’s interest in the company to a third party. This can be done through a variety of methods, such as negotiating a price for the sale or holding an auction. Once the sale is complete, the partner who sold their interest will no longer be a part of the LLC.
Additionally, the partner who buys the interest in the company will become a part of the LLC and will be subject to the same joint and several liabilities as the other partners.
For example, imagine that John and Jane are partners in an LLC. John decides that he wants to dissolve the partnership and sell Jane’s interest in the company. They agree on a price of $100,000 for the sale. John sells Jane’s interest in the company to a third party for $100,000. Jane is no longer a part of the LLC, and the third party is now a part of the LLC and subject to joint and several liabilities. Also, if you were to remove an LLC member in Texas, for example, keep in mind that you’ll need to file a certificate of termination with the Texas Secretary of State. On the other hand, if you’re based in California, then you’ll file a certificate of dissolution with the California Secretary of State instead.
3) Dissolve the LLC
If both partners agree, they can dissolve the LLC entirely. This means that the company will be wound up and all of its assets will be sold off. The proceeds from the sale of the assets will be divided among the partners according to their ownership stake in the company.
Plus, any debts or liabilities of the company will be divided among the partners according to their ownership stake in the company.
4) File for bankruptcy
If the LLC is facing financial hardship, the partners may decide to file for bankruptcy. This will allow the LLC to restructure its debts and liabilities and may provide some relief from creditors.
However, it is important to note that filing for bankruptcy will have a negative impact on the personal credit of the partners.
Not only that but the LLC will be dissolved and all of its assets will be sold off to repay creditors.
Overall, the options available to partners looking to dissolve an LLC partnership are fairly limited. But by understanding the implications of each option, partners can make a decision that is best for them and their business. The bottom line is that if one partner wants out of an LLC, the best thing to do is to negotiate a buyout with the other partner. This will allow the LLC to remain in business and avoid any potential legal issues. If a buyout is not possible, then the next best option is to file for bankruptcy.
Nigeria’s Crude Oil Exports Jump 88.6% to N11.53trn in Six Months
By Adedapo Adesanya
Nigeria earned N11.53 trillion from the export of crude oil in the first half of 2022, according to the latest data released by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), jumping by 88.6 per cent compared with N6.11 trillion recorded in the first half of 2021.
In its Foreign Trade Statistics for the Second Quarter of 2022, the NBS noted that crude oil export in the first six months of 2022 accounted for 79.47 per cent of total exports in the period under review, while it also accounted for 44.62 per cent of total trades in the same period.
Giving a breakdown of crude oil exports in the first half of 2022, the NBS stated that in the first quarter of the year, crude oil valued at N5.621 trillion was exported by the country, while in the second quarter, N5.908 trillion was exported.
In comparison, in the first quarter of 2021, the NBS said Nigeria earned N2.043 trillion from crude oil exports, while in the second quarter, N4.072 trillion crude oil export sales were recorded. Furthermore, in the third and fourth quarters of 2021, Nigeria recorded crude oil export of N4.026 trillion and N4.269 trillion, respectively.
The country’s statistical authority put Nigeria’s total trade in the first half of 2022 at N25.843 trillion, comprising N13.001 trillion and N12.841 trillion in the first and second quarter of the year, respectively; while total export trade for the first half of 2022 stood at N14.507 trillion, with N7.1 trillion and N7.407 trillion export recorded in the first and second quarter respectively.
Specifically, the NBS reported that in the second quarter of 2022, crude oil ranked as the most exported commodity in the country, with 79.77 per cent of the country’s total export.
Furthermore, the statistics agency stated that the most of Nigeria’s crude oil export in the second quarter of 2022 was to European countries, with the continent purchasing Nigeria’s crude oil valued at N2.737 trillion; followed by Asia, with N1.916 trillion; while countries in America purchased N861.937 billion.
Africa accounted for N355.853 billion of Nigeria’s crude oil export, while N36.459 billion worth of Nigeria’s crude oil was exported to Oceania.
India emerged as the highest buyer of Nigeria’s crude oil, with N1.009 trillion worth of the commodity shipped to the country in the second quarter; followed by the Netherlands, with the purchase of N886.314 billion worth of Nigeria’s crude oil; while N854.859 billion crude oil was exported to Spain.
Other major crude oil export destinations were Indonesia, N614.954 billion; United States, N488.356 billion; Italy, N253.817 billion; Sweden, N232.152 billion; Canada, N226.704 billion; France, N192.273 billion and Ivory Coast, N191.425 billion.
Purchasing Managers’ Index Hits Five-Month High of 53.7
By Adedapo Adesanya
Stanbic IBTC’s Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) hit a five-month high of 53.7 points in September, up from 52.3 in August and signalling a solid strengthening in the health of the private sector at the end of the third quarter.
According to the index, the end of the third quarter of 2022 saw growth gather momentum in the Nigerian private sector.
This was corroborated by sharper rises in output, and new orders, while there were emerging signs of capacity pressures. Cost inflation largely remained elevated due to currency weakness while business confidence waned.
The headline PMI rose by 1.4 points to 53.7 points, indicating that the improvement in business conditions was the most marked since May.
Readings above 50.0 signal an improvement in business conditions, while readings below 50.0 show a deterioration.
In line with the headline figure, both output and new orders increased at sharper rates during the month. Firms often linked higher new business to rising demand, with some reporting that customer referrals had supported growth. In turn, output rose for the third month running and at the fastest pace since April.
Rising new orders, and some reports of difficulties securing the necessary funding, resulted in a renewed increase in backlogs of work during September, the first in 28 months.
Companies also increased their staffing levels and purchasing activity, largely in response to greater new business volumes.
In both cases, however, rates of expansion eased from the previous survey period. Higher purchasing activity fed through to a further accumulation of inventories.
In a statement, the lender noted that, “Purchase costs rose sharply, with anecdotal evidence often linking higher prices to currency depreciation. Meanwhile, staff costs increased at the fastest pace in three months. Panellists reported that efforts to motivate staff and help them with higher living costs had been behind salary increases.
“With overall input costs again rising at one of the sharpest rates since the survey began, Nigerian companies increased their selling prices accordingly. Although marked, the rate of charge inflation slowed sharply and was the joint-weakest in 21 months. Suppliers’ delivery times continued to shorten, often as a result of strong competition among vendors. The latest shortening of lead times was marked and the most pronounced in four months.
“Despite the improving growth picture in September, firms reported waning confidence in the year-ahead outlook. Sentiment remained positive overall but was the lowest since August 2021 and among the weakest on record. Those firms that expressed optimism often mentioned business expansion plans.”
Value of NASD OTC Exchange Rises by N16.09bn in Week 39
By Adedapo Adesanya
The 39th week of trading in 2022 at the NASD Over-the-Counter (OTC) Securities Exchange saw an expansion of 1.69 per cent as investors gained N16.09 billion in the five days of trading.
According to data from the bourse, the market capitalisation, which measures the value of the trading platform, grew to N968.60 trillion from the N952.51 billion it closed in week 38.
Also, the NASD OTC Securities Exchange Index rose by 12.24 points to close at 735.79 points, in contrast to the 723.56 points of the preceding week.
Business Post reports that the positive outcome for the week was influenced by three stocks led by Central Securities Clearing System (CSCS) Plc, which improved by 13.1 per cent to N14.17 per share from N12.53 per share. NASD Plc appreciated by 7.7 per cent to N14.00 per unit from N13.00 per unit, while FrieslandCampina WAMCO Nigeria Plc increased by 6.7 per cent to N78.00 per unit from N73.00 per unit.
In the week, the share price of Niger Delta Exploration & Production (NDEP) Plc went down by 6.5 per cent to N186.00 per unit from N199.00 per unit.
As for the activity level, the value of trades went down by 65.1 per cent to N52.8 million from N151.3 million, while the volume of transactions decreased by 97.8 per cent to 571,164 units from 25.3 million units, with the number of deals rising by 8.7 per cent to 50 deals from the preceding week’s 46 deals.
NDEP Plc was the most active stock by volume in the week with the sale of 226,728 units, followed by NASD Plc with 202,500 million units, CSCS Plc transacted 80,380 units, FrieslandCampina WAMCO Nigeria Plc recorded 36,808 units and 11 Plc traded 22,168 units.
In terms of value, the most traded stock was also NDEP with N42.3 million, followed by 11 Plc with N3.8 million, NASD Plc exchanged N2.8 million, FrieslandCampina WAMCO Nigeria Plc traded N2.7 million, while CSCS Plc traded N1.5 million.
on a year-to-date basis, investors have transacted 3.5 billion units of securities worth N26.7 billion in 2,169 deals.
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- Nigeria’s Crude Oil Exports Jump 88.6% to N11.53trn in Six Months October 3, 2022
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