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Economy

Crude Oil Slides After Hitting $70 as Supply Fears Heighten

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crude oil market

By Adedapo Adesanya

Earlier on Tuesday, crude oil reached $70 per barrel, but fears that the market may soon be flooded with supply from Iran after making progress in its talks with the United States dragged the price downwards.

At the market yesterday, the Brent crude depreciated by $1.03 or 1.48 per cent to trade at $68.43 per barrel, while the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude lost 78 cents or 1.18 per cent to sell at $65.49 per barrel.

Prices of the black gold deflated after the market received information that “important news” would be released regarding the Iranian nuclear deal, the resolution of which could result in more Iranian oil barrels hitting the market.

ALSO READ  Crude Oil Jumps 4% as Supply Plunges Further

A clarification was later made by Mikhail Ulyanov, Russia’s envoy to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, known commonly as the Iran nuclear deal or Iran deal, saying that it was still “too early for a breakthrough”.

If the United States lifts sanctions on the gulf country, it could boost oil shipments, adding to global supply and the thought of more Iranian oil hitting the markets sent oil prices into the bearish territory.

Also adding to the bearish outcome on Tuesday was the American Petroleum Institute (API) report that there was a build in crude oil inventories of 620,000 barrels for the week ending May 14.

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Analysts had predicted a build of 1.680 million barrels for the week.

In the previous week, the API reported a massive draw in oil inventories of 2.533 million barrels after analysts had predicted a draw of 2.817 million barrels.

Since the start of 2020, crude oil inventories have grown by more than 50 million barrels, according to API data.

This will then be confirmed by official government data from the Energy Information Administration (EIA) set to be released later on Wednesday.

Earlier in the session, global benchmark Brent oil hit $70 a barrel for the first time since March, lifted by expectations of demand recovery.

ALSO READ  Nigeria’s Oil Exports to Drop to 1.43m Barrels per day in July

Britain further eased coronavirus restrictions on Monday and Europe is starting to reopen its economy, signalling improvement for oil demand.

Also in the largest oil-consuming nation, the United States, new cases continued to fall and New York lifted the mask requirement for vaccinated people.

Meanwhile, the market still continued to come under pressure from influences from Asia, as the coronavirus pandemic situation has increased. Singapore and Taiwan have reinstated lockdown measures and India has experienced a plunge in fuel demand after imposing restrictions to curb infections.

Adedapo Adesanya is a journalist, polymath, and connoisseur of everything art. When he is not writing, he has his nose buried in one of the many books or articles he has bookmarked or simply listening to good music with a bottle of beer or wine. He supports the greatest club in the world, Manchester United F.C.

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Economy

Nigerian Digital Freight Startup MVX Obtains $1.3m

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MVX

By Adedapo Adesanya

Nigeria-based digital freight startup, MVX, has announced a $1.3 million seed round to tackle the challenge of financing and booking freight operations in Africa.

Investors in this round included Kepple Africa Ventures, Launch Africa Ventures, Founders Factory and some unnamed angel investors.

The new round is coming after the startup secured a $100,000 pre-seed investment from Oui Capital in 2019 and with the fresh disbursement, MVX wants to ease trade finance and freight shipping in Africa by making the process available online.

According to the Chief Executive Officer, Mr Tonye Membere-Otaji, “We make it easy and convenient for businesses. We handle everything because we have all these service providers in one platform. So, as shippers work with us, MVX works with like seven to ten other service providers.”

ALSO READ  Nigeria’s Oil Exports to Drop to 1.43m Barrels per day in July

Prior to the establishment of the company, Mr Membere-Otaji had worked in the maritime industry but was intrigued by how there was no online marketplace for vessels.

In 2019, Mr Membere-Otaji finally launched the company with CTO Tobi Amusan after securing a $100,000 pre-seed investment from Oui Capital, a pan-African VC firm.

The company was called MVXchange at first and its business model revolved around providing a support vessel booking platform that matched vessel chartering requests made by operators with available Offshore Support Vessels (OSVs).

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But in March 2020, the company made a sharp pivot and tweaked its model due to uncertain oil prices and the pandemic.

“We couldn’t see ourselves doing vessel chartering for the long term because the demand for fossil fuels will definitely reduce over the next few decades.

“We wanted to do something scalable, something that was impactful, and something that we could be proud of in the next 20 years,” he added.

This led to the launch of MVXtransit, a digital freight booking platform, helping cargo owners find deals on moving containers across Nigeria.

In April 2021, the company launched MVXpay, a finance and payment solution to provide trade finance for freight operators. However, both offerings are now rolled into one: MVX.

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According to the CEO, MVX wants to make freight shipping and trade finance easier for African businesses by bringing booking and deployment processes online.

The startup has expanded beyond Nigeria and claims that merchants from the West African country, as well as Kenya, South Africa, Ghana and Rwanda, can use its platform to move freight in and out of their countries.

MVX charges a commission for the services provided, including trucking, warehousing, shipping, and cargo stuffing.

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Economy

Nigeria Picks JP Morgan, 7 Others for $6.2bn Eurobond Sale

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FGN Eurobond

By Dipo Olowookere

Eight companies have been chosen from a pool of 38 bidders to ensure the successful sale of the $6.2 billion Eurobond to be issued by the Nigerian government.

The federal government led by President Muhammadu Buhari had informed the National Assembly when it presented the 2021 Appropriation Act that the sum of N2.3 trillion ($6.2 billion) would be required to finance the budget deficit.

Mr Buhari later wrote a letter to the Senate in May 2021 of the need to approve this loan request and this was authorised in June.

After the parliament’s approval, the Debt Management Office (DMO) swung into action by asking interested organisations to bid for the transaction through an open competitive bidding process as stipulated in the Public Procurement Act, 2007 (as amended) and 38 responded.

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In a statement issued on Wednesday, the debt office said it rigorously evaluated the bids of the companies to ascertain their technical capacities to execute the Eurobond sale.

It said after this process, it found eight of them worthy, with four chosen as international bookrunners/joint lead managers, one taken each as Nigerian bookrunners, financial adviser, international legal adviser and Nigerian legal adviser.

Business Post reports that JP Morgan, Citigroup Global Markets Limited, Standard Chartered Bank and Goldman Sachs were picked as international bookrunners/joint lead managers.

Chapel Hill Denham Advisory Services Limited was taken as the Nigerian bookrunner, FSDH Merchant Bank Limited scaled through as the financial adviser, White & Case LLP was selected as the international legal adviser, while Banwo & Ighodalo was chosen as the Nigerian legal adviser.

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In the statement, the DMO said the Federal Executive Council (FEC) has authorised these firms to be part of the Eurobond sale, which should start very soon.

“With the approval of the transaction advisers by FEC, the DMO will now accelerate activities towards the issuance of the Eurobonds,” a part of the statement read.

The debt office further said, “The Eurobonds to be issued are for the purpose of raising funds for the new external borrowing of N2.343 trillion (about $6.2 billion) provided in the 2021 Appropriation Act to part-finance the deficit.

ALSO READ  Nigeria’s Oil Exports to Jump by 575,000b/d

“Whilst the government expects a successful outing, it will be mindful of costs and risks (in terms of tenor and pricing) in determining the amount of Eurobonds to issue.”

“Since the Eurobonds are being issued to part-finance the 2021 budget deficit, the proceeds will be used to fund various projects in the budget.

“In addition, the proceeds will result in an inflow of foreign exchange which in turn, will increase Nigeria’s external reserves and support the Naira exchange rate,” it added.

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Economy

FEC Okays NNPC 20% Stake in Dangote Refinery for $2.76bn

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Dangote Refinery

By Dipo Olowookere

The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) has been given the approval to acquire a 20 per cent stake in the yet-to-be-completed Dangote Petroleum and Petrochemical Refinery in Lagos.

The state-owned oil agency intends to be a minority shareholder in the company, which has the capacity to refine 650,000 barrels of crude oil daily.

Nigeria is blessed with crude oil but this commodity is not refined in the country despite having four refineries. The oil is taken out and imported as premium motor spirit (PMS) commonly known as petroleum and other derivatives.

ALSO READ  Nigeria’s Oil Exports to Drop to 1.43m Barrels per day in July

The Dangote Refinery located in the Lekki area of Lagos State is expected to change this narrative, though efforts are now being made to rehabilitate the public oil facilities to stop petrol importation.

But before then, NNPC wants to be a part-owner of the private refinery being built by Mr Aliko Dangote, the richest man in Africa, according to Forbes.

On Wednesday, the Nigerian government held its weekly Federal Executive Council (FEC) meeting presided over by Vice President Osinbajo because of the absence of President Muhammadu Buhari, who is currently in London for medical attention.

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This issue of the proposed purchase of a 20 per cent stake in Dangote Refinery by the NNPC was discussed and after deliberations, the council authorised the agency to acquire the minority shareholding for $2.76 billion.

Briefing newsmen at the end of the meeting, the Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Mr Timipre Sylva, disclosed that the transaction would be beneficial to Nigerians.

He also said FEC approved the rehabilitation of both Warri and Kaduna refineries for $1.484 billion, noting that Messers Saipem SPA and Saipem Contracting Limited would do the repair works in three phases of 21, 23 and 33 months.

ALSO READ  Brent Crude Falls Below $20/b, First Time in 18 Years

According to him, 15 per cent of the amount has been paid to the construction firm, clarifying that $897.7 million is for the Warri refinery and $586.9 million for the Kaduna refinery.

“The completion of the rehabilitation of Warri and Kaduna refineries is going to be in three phases. The first phase will be completed within 21 months, in 23 months phase two will be completed and in 33 months, the full rehabilitation will be completed,” Mr Sylva said.

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