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DMO Sets Limit For FG’s Borrowing Plan in 2017



DMO Sets Limit For FG’s Borrowing Plan in 2017


By Modupe Gbadeyanka

The Debt Management Office (DMO) has fixed the maximum limit of loan amount, both domestic and external, the federal government could contract in the fiscal year 2017 at $22.08 billion (about N6.4 trillion), ThisDay is reporting.

According to the office, for 2017, new domestic borrowing has been pegged at $5.52 billion (about N1.6 trillion); and, new external Borrowing: $16.56 billion (about N4.8 trillion).

This limit is part of the key policy recommendations of the 2016 Debt Sustainability Analysis exercise conducted by DMO, the report of which was obtained by THISDAY.

The report titled, 2016 Report of the Annual National Debt Sustainability Analysis, explained that, “the end-period net present value (NPV) of total public debt-to-GDP ratio for 2016 for the federal government is projected at 13.5 per cent and given the country-specific threshold of 19.39 per cent for NPV of total public debt-to-GDP ratio (up to 2017), the borrowing space available is 5.89 per cent of the estimated GDP of $374.95 billion for 2017.”

As a result of this, DMO put the maximum amount that could be borrowed (domestic and external) by the federal government in 2017 ‘without violating the country-specific threshold’ at $22.08 billion, representing. 5.89 per cent of the GDP.

The office noted that these amounts were recommended maximum that could be borrowed, “taking into account the absorptive capacity of the domestic debt market, and the options available in the external market.”

It expected that “such external borrowings, which would be long-term (minimum 15 years), would be strategically deployed to fund priority infrastructure projects, that would boost output, and put the economy on the path of sustainable recovery and growth.”

“It is further expected that the long maturity profile of such loans would enable the economy to be sufficiently diversified for increased export earnings for ease of debt service payments.”

The DMO report noted that, “The Debt Management Strategy, 2016-2019, provides for the rebalancing of the debt portfolio from its composition of 84:16 as at end-December, 2015, to an optimal composition of 60:40 by end-December, 2019 for domestic to external debts, respectively.”

“It supports the use of more external finance for funding capital projects, in line with the focus of the present administration on speeding up infrastructural development in the country, by substituting the relatively expensive domestic borrowing in favour of cheaper external financing. This policy stance has been reinforced by the recent deterioration in macroeconomic variables, particularly with respect to the rising cost of domestic borrowing.

“Hence, the shift of emphasis to external borrowing would help to reduce debt service burden in the short to medium-term and further create more borrowing space for the private sector in the domestic market,” the DMO explained.

Also, as part of the recommendation of the DSA exercise, the DMO expressed “the urgent need for the Government to formulate an Economic Blueprint or Road-Map for the medium-term.

According to the office, “Aside from addressing the current challenges, it would go a long way to engender confidence in both local and international investors on the way forward. This has become very imperative, given that investor perception of a country’s outlook is critical to its economic recovery.”

The DMO also advised the Federal Government to “sustain the on-going reforms and initiatives in the various key sectors of the economy, including: agriculture, education, housing, power, and transportation, as this would foster the needed inclusive economic growth and development.”

Similarly, the debt management agency, pointed out that, “In view of the continued deterioration in Government’s revenue, occasioned by the drastic fall in the price of oil, Government should reinforce its initiatives aimed at diversifying the productive base of the economy and, thus, improve the nonoil revenue receipts.”

“Accordingly, concrete and urgent steps should be taken to broaden the tax base and improve efficiency in tax administration and collection. vii. Given the country’s huge infrastructural needs, the Government is encouraged to sustain the policy of allocating a minimum of 30 per cent of Federal Government’s budget to capital investments, as well as ensuring judicious utilisation of such funds for infrastructure development.”

Besides, it also said, “In view of the adverse effect on the economy of the recurring delays in budget formulation and passage, there is the need for the Government to ensure strict adherence to the annual budget calendar, so as to facilitate growth recovery, reduce fiscal slippages and delays in budget implementation.”

“The passage of the Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB) by the National Assembly is long overdue and should be given speedy attention by the authorities. Its passage is expected to liberalise the oil and gas sector, and thus, attract more investments into the sector, which will have positive multiplier effect on the economy.

“Given that in the short to medium-term, oil would still remain a key revenue earner of the nation, the Federal Government is encouraged to continue on its efforts to curtail crude oil production disruptions in the oil producing areas.

“In view of the country’s huge infrastructure requirements, the Federal Government is enjoined to creatively explore other alternative and viable sources of financing,” the DSA report also recommended.

Dipo Olowookere is a journalist based in Nigeria that has passion for reporting business news stories. At his leisure time, he watches football and supports 3SC of Ibadan. Mr Olowookere can be reached via


Brent Soars on Iraq Supply Concerns, Ease in Banking Crisis



Brent Price

By Adedapo Adesanya

The price of Brent crude futures rose by 1.3 per cent or 99 cents to $79.27 per barrel on Thursday as banking crisis fears further eased and no resolution in sight yet for the cut-off of the flow of Iraqi Kurdistan oil to Turkey.

Also, the US West Texas Intermediate crude rose by 1.9 per cent or $1.40 to $74.37 per barrel as producers shut in or reduced output at several oilfields in the semi-autonomous Kurdistan region of northern Iraq following a halt to the northern export pipeline.

About 400,000 barrels per day have been cut off with the pipeline shutdown over an international arbitration ruling in favour of Iraq against Turkey,  and this continues to put upward pressure on oil prices.

Likewise, fears that may linger about the potential broader economic impact in the aftermath of the failure of Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) and Signature Bank, as well as the share crash and rescue bid for giant Credit Suisse, and pressure on other regional banks in the US appear to be easing.

Also supporting prices was a Wednesday report from the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) that crude oil stockpiles in the world’s largest producer fell unexpectedly in the week of March 24 to a two-year low.

Crude inventories dropped by 7.5 million barrels, compared with expectations for a rise of 100,000 barrels.

These factors offset bearish sentiment after a lower-than-expected cut to Russian crude oil production in the first three weeks of March, as numbers showed that there was a 300,000 barrels per day production decline compared with targeted cuts of 500,000 barrels per day, or about 5 per cent of Russian output.

Markets are now waiting for the US spending and inflation data due on Friday and the resulting impact on the value of the US Dollar, which impacts oil prices.

Also driving oil prices Thursday have been statements ahead of a planned meeting of the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and its allies (OPEC+) on Monday, where delegates have indicated that the 23-man cartel will likely stick to its current production cut plan.

Despite the low prices prompted in part by the banking crisis fears, analysts noted that OPEC+ would stay the course and not react by reducing output further.

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Nigerian Exchange Witnesses N318.52bn Listings in Q1 2023



Kemi Adetiba Nigerian Exchange

By Aduragbemi Omiyale

The Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Limited witnessed the listing of N318.52 billion worth of securities in the first quarter of 2023, data from the X-Compliance report of the bourse has revealed.

This cut across equities, fixed income, mutual funds and derivatives categories.

The X-Compliance report is a transparency initiative of NGX designed to maintain market integrity and protect investors by providing compliance-related information on all listed companies.

Through the report, NGX ensures that it provides timely information to investors to aid their capital allocation decisions and enable a properly functioning capital market.

According to the report, NGX saw N11.23 billion in Federal Government of Nigeria bond listings which constituted FGN Savings Bonds with maturities ranging between 2024 and 2026.

Lagos State Government issued the only bond by a sub-sovereign entity with its N137.33 billion series 1V, 10-year 13%, Fixed Rate Bonds due 2031 under its N500 billion debt issuance program.

The corporate bond segment recorded N112.42 billion senior unsecured bond listing from Dangote Industries Funding Plc and N31.36 billion in Sukuk Issuances from Taj Bank and Family Homes under their respective Sukuk Issuance programmes.

FTN Cocoa Processors Plc and Neimeth International Pharmaceuticals Plc both did supplementary listings of N850 million and N3.68 billion of shares, respectively.

Africa Plus Partners Nigeria Limited also listed its mutual fund, Africa Infra Plus 1, the first Carbon Plus naira-denominated fund to be listed on the Exchange, at a market value of N21.65 billion.

NGX also continued to drive participation in its derivatives market with the listing of the NGX Pension index Futures Contract and NGX30 Index Futures Contract.

Recall that the Chief Executive Officer of NGX, Mr Temi Popoola, had noted that the Exchange had a renewed focus on listings for the year 2023.

“We will be using listings as a vehicle for meeting strategic aspirations as the new dispensation comes in through increased advocacy and engagements,” he had said.

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Nigeria’s Debt Profile Jumps 17% to N46.25trn in 2022



debt profile

By Adedapo Adesanya

Nigeria’s total public debt stock increased by 17 per cent to N46.25 trillion or $103.11 billion as of December 2022 from N39.56 trillion or $95.77 billion in 2021.

This information was revealed by the Debt Management Office (DMO) on Thursday.

This means that the country’s debt profile precisely increased by 16.9 per cent or N6.69 trillion or $7.34 billion within one year, as the government borrow funds from various quarters for its budget deficits.

The agency said the new figures comprise the domestic and external total debt stocks of the federal government and the sub-national governments (36 state governments and the Federal Capital Territory).

The DMO statement partly read, “As of December 31, 2022, the total public debt stock was N46.25 trillion or $103.11 billion.

“In terms of composition, total domestic debt stock was N27.55 trillion ($61.42 billion) while total external debt stock was N18.70 trillion ($41.69 billion).

“Amongst the reasons for the increase in the total public debt stock were new borrowings by the FGN and sub-national governments, primarily to fund budget deficits and execute projects. The issuance of promissory notes by the FGN to settle some liabilities also contributed to the growth in the debt stock.

“On-going efforts by the government to increase revenues from oil and non-oil sources through initiatives such as the Finance Acts and the Strategic Revenue Mobilization initiative are expected to support debt sustainability.”

“The total public debt to gross domestic product (GDP) ratio for December 31, 2022, was 23.20 per cent and indicates a slight increase from the figure for December 31, 2022, at 22.47 per cent.

“The ratio of 23.20 per cent is within the 40 per cent limit self-imposed by Nigeria, the 55 per cent limit recommended by the World Bank/International Monetary Fund, and the 70 per cent limit recommended by the Economic Community of West African States,” the debt office said.

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