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Experts Urge Nigerians to Embrace Islamic Estate Planning

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By Dipo Olowookere

Nigerians have been enjoined to consider subscribing to the Islamic Estate Planning irrespective of their religion, tribe or views because of the numerous benefits the system has.

At the Islamic Estate Clinic held on April 28, 2019 in Abuja, different speakers highlighted how Nigerians, both Muslims and non-Muslims can benefit from the system.

The event was put together by FBNQuest Trustees, a subsidiary of FBN Holdings, with Managing Director, Mr Adekunle Awojobi, hosting it. The clinic featured sessions facilitated by Dr. Bashir Umar, a renowned Islamic Financial Scholar.

The sessions covered Islamic Trust (Waqaf), Islamic Will (Wasiyyah), Zakat (Charitable Trust), Hibah and Takaful, among other asset preservation and wealth transfer principles. These enabled attendees understand the guidelines for distributing one-third of their assets (which Islam grants them control over), how to plan for non-heirs in line with Faraid laws and generally the importance of Sharia-compliant Estate Plans to Muslims, as highlighted in the Qur’an (and its interpretations in the Sunnah and Hadith).

Organisers explained that the event was hosted so as to share deep insights on the importance of estate planning and the provisions for this within Islam. The event was premised on the understanding that with increasing wealth comes complex estates, which require robust estate planning for asset protection and wealth transfer across generations.

The Islamic estate planning session brought together high net worth individuals, top industry players, investors, seasoned professionals and sector experts who together tackled the robust conversation on how the affairs of one’s assets should be administered and expert guidelines that come to bear in ensuring plans are made in keeping with the prescriptions of the Qur’an.

During the programme, FBNQuest Trustees used the occasion to educate the public on the relevance of distributing assets and generational wealth transfer in accordance with Islamic tenets.

Managing Director of FBNQuest Trustees, Mr Adekunle Awojobi, encouraged individuals to embrace estate planning to ensure that their assets are well preserved and transferred according to their wishes and that the legacies they are working hard to build can be preserved for generations to come.

He emphasised that Islamic estate planning ensures that individuals can plan for the future of their loved ones and favoured charities while fulfilling in entirety, the guidelines of the Qur’an where assets transfer is concerned.

“Estate planning is for everyone, regardless of religion, however, as the first and one of the leading providers of trust services in Nigeria, FBNQuest Trustees is particularly positioned to support Muslim Clients in their desire to leave a legacy that aligns with their beliefs,” Mr Awojobi said.

“Over the last 40 years, we have gained experience and developed expertise in Islamic Inheritance planning, among other types of Estate Planning solutions. We help guide individuals and families on wealth creation, preservation and transfer processes in line with their desires and beliefs,” he added.

FBNQuest Trustees said it remains committed to pioneering critical conversations such as this and helping Nigerians make sense of assets accrued in the course of their lives, without compromising their faith or values.

Dipo Olowookere is a journalist based in Nigeria that has passion for reporting business news stories. At his leisure time, he watches football and supports 3SC of Ibadan. Mr Olowookere can be reached via dipo.olowookere@businesspost.ng

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Economy

Rewane Explains Implications of CBN Naira 4 Dollar Scheme

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rewane bismack FCMB

By Adedapo Adesanya

Last week, the Central Bank of  Nigeria (CBN) shocked Nigerians when it launched a new initiative tagged Naira 4 Dollar Scheme.

The scheme was part of efforts to incentivize senders and recipients of international money transfer. Under the campaign, all recipients of diaspora remittances through licensed International Money Transfer Operators (IMTOs) will be paid N5 for every $1 received as remittance inflows.

This has sent many Nigerians wondering what the new policy meant for the Nigerian currency, which has faced headwinds in the last few months.

Speaking on the likely implications of the currency promo, a renowned economist and the Chief Executive Officer of Financial Derivatives Company, Mr Bismarck Rewane, during a chat with Business Morning on Channels TV on Monday, explained that the initiative from the CBN was a promo designed to increase the country’s awareness and the inflows of Nigeria’s diaspora into the country’s financial system.

He, however, noted that it was rare for the government to use such promotional schemes to promote inflows into the country.

“What is challenging here is that it is very unusual for policies to be tied around promos or gimmicks. Usually, promos and gimmicks are used by manufacturers to launch or push products, or airlines when they have low sales. So, they tie this kind of promo to buy one get one free or to revamp stagnant sales. So, it’s very unusual and peculiar for governments to engage in gimmicks or promos,” he noted.

He further said that the apex bank tailored the actions towards reducing the cost of remittances from the current cutthroat rates charged by the IMTOs.

The Governor of the central bank, Mr Godwin Emefiele, had recently explained that the models had been applied in Pakistan and Bangladesh. He said both South Asian countries had introduced reimbursement schemes to support inflows.

In the CBN chief’s words, “In Pakistan, the scheme, which is known as free send, has enabled record amount of inflows of over $2 billion a month even during the COVID-19 pandemic.

“Bangladesh introduced its own scheme in June 2019, which is a two per cent rebate on remittance inflows. Following this action, they have also seen a 20 per cent boost in remittance inflows.”

Breaking it down further, Mr Rewane noted that the current diaspora inflows to Nigeria are estimated between $5 million and $7 million per day and that the central bank aims to increase to $30 million per day.

“In other words, 30 times 20 working days, you will get maybe $600 million. Well, that is not the point. The point is that it is an effective depreciation of 1 per cent of the currency because ever since this year, the Investors and Exporters’ (I&E) window rate had gone from N390 to N411. So, if you add N5, it is another 1 per cent.

“Nominally, the exchange rate is unchanged, but in reality, it is a depreciation of 1 per cent de facto.”

He noted that there a lot of risks associated with the policy because some people will round trip the policy using arbitrage. Arbitrage is the simultaneous purchase and sale of the same asset in different markets in order to profit from tiny differences in the asset’s listed price.

“So, people will try to use arbitrage on the system. But the fact is that Nigeria is number six in the world in terms of diaspora and workers remittances. It is estimated at about $20 to $25 billion [annually].

“The current pandemic and unemployment rates in the US, Canada, the European Union and the United Kingdom are also going to affect the ability of Nigeria to remit money in.

“These two trends have actually dropped sharply because of vaccination certificates and all sorts of the pandemic effect. So, basically, in the end, I think it’s a gimmick. It is a promo, the central bank will fully understand in the end that there’s no other way of managing an exchange rate than converging them, having one rate so that people don’t stop exploiting it.

“In any case, you collect cash, and you take it to the parallel market or autonomous sources to sell the Naira, and then come back and you get the N5. What could happen is that you could turn $1,000 back again to your brother, who will bring it back.

“So, what could happen is that there could be what I call playing with neurons, the same money turning around the velocity of separation increasing, whilst the quantity supplied into the market will not increase.

“So, but again, heavy innovation leads to some kind of creativity and will help. But in the end, let me put it this way, the price mechanism, the exchange rate has to be market-determined.

Policymakers will intervene, to preserve to ensure that we don’t suffer from shocks, but it’s a work in progress, and then we’ll wait and see what happens.”

The promo is expected to run from March 8 through the next two month till May 8.

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Economy

Linkage Assurance, Ardova Lift Stock Market by 0.17%

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linkage assurance

By Dipo Olowookere

Trading activities on the floor of the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) turned bullish on Monday as a result of gains posted by Linkage Assurance, Ardova and 23 other equities.

Business Post reports that investor sentiment was positive yesterday as only 14 stocks closed on the losers’ chart.

During the session, which recorded a 0.17 per cent growth, the shares of Linkage Assurance and Ardova rose by 10.00 per cent each to settle at 55 kobo and N14.85 respectively.

Champion Breweries appreciated by 9.52 per cent to sell for N1.84, Oando gained 9.43 per cent to quote at N2.90, while Morison Industries improved by 9.09 per cent to 72 kobo.

At the other end, Meyer lost 10.00 per cent to finish at 45 kobo, Livestock Feeds depreciated by 9.87 per cent to N2.01, SCOA Nigeria lost 9.85 per cent to close at N2.38, Ikeja Hotel fell by 9.48 per cent to N1.05, while NEM Insurance dropped 6.88 per cent to settle at N1.76.

Despite the marginal growth recorded yesterday, the volume of shares, the value of stocks and the number of deals declined by 49.42 per cent, 76.83 per cent and 4.90 per cent respectively.

A total of 297.3 million shares worth N3.2 billion were traded in 4,655 deals compared with the 587.7 million stocks worth N13.6 billion transacted in 4,895 deals at the preceding session.

Zenith Bank was the most traded stock yesterday with the sale of 66.5 million units valued at N1.7 billion, FBN Holdings exchanged 23.5 million shares for N169.5 million, Axa Mansard Insurance traded 21.4 million equities valued at N20.9 million, Guinness Nigeria sold 20.2 million stocks for N4.0 million, while United Capital exchanged 13.6 million shares for N64.1 million.

A look at the sectoral performance showed that the insurance sector grew by 1.26 per cent, the energy sector appreciated by 1.01 per cent, industrial goods space rose by 0.47 per cent, while the consumer goods and banking counters lost 0.06 per cent and 0.03 per cent respectively.

For the All-Share Index (ASI), it increased on Monday by 64.96 points to 39,396.57 points from 39,331.61 points, while the market capitalisation grew by N34 billion to N20.613 trillion from N20.579 trillion.

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Economy

Naira Drops to N411.88/$1 at I&E, N482/$1 at Black Market

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forex Black Market

By Ahmed Rahma, Adedapo Adesanya

The Naira dropped against the US Dollar at both the Investors and Exporters (I&E) and the parallel windows of the foreign exchange market on Monday, March 8.

At the specialised market, the headwinds facing the Naira in recent time continued yesterday as it traded at a new low of N411.88/$1 after losing 88 kobo or 0.21 per cent against the greenback. At the previous session, it was traded at N411/$1.

Data obtained by Business Post showed that the local currency was battered at the session despite a decline in the demand for FX by customers.

Transactions worth $32.58 million were made at the I&E window yesterday versus $83.93 million recorded last Friday, signifying a decline by 61.2 per cent or $51.35 million.

At the black market, where the local currency had recorded stability against the US Dollar recently, things changed as the Naira lost N2 to trade at N482/$1 as against the previous value of N480/$1.

The Nigerian Naira also lost N1 against the Euro at the unregulated segment of the forex market to close at N583/€1 compared to N582/€1 it traded last Friday and closed flat against the Pound Sterling at N675/£1.

At the interbank window, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) maintained its auction rate of the Naira to the Dollar to commercial banks at N379/$1, while at the Bureaux De Change (BDC) window, the exchange rate of the Naira to the Dollar remained unchanged at N395/$1.

At the cryptocurrency market, four out of the seven tokens tracked by Business Post on Quidax closed positive, with the Bitcoin (BTC) gaining 5.1 per cent to trade at N32,998,709.99.

The Ethereum (ETH) recorded a 12.4 per cent surge to sell at N1,150,000, the Dash (DASH) grew by 1.5 per cent to sell at N134,000, while the Tron (TRX) appreciated by 3.0 per cent to sell at N32.49.

However, the US Dollar Tether (USDT) depreciated by 3.1 per cent to sell for N625.00, Litecoin (LTC) lost 1.5 per cent to trade at N114,801.29, while Ripple (XRP) recorded a 0.4 per cent slump to trade at N292.63.

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Economy

Oil Suffers Significant Fall Amid Attack on Saudi Facilities

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Saudi Facilities

By Adedapo Adesanya

The prices of crude oil have fallen significantly as a drone attack on Saudi  Arabian oil infrastructure is beginning to have an effect on the market.

The black gold was almost trading at $71 per barrel but the Middle East tensions depressed the value of the commodity and by Monday night, the price of the Brent crude dropped to $67.95 per barrel, while the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) was trading at $64.68 per barrel.

Houthis rebels from Yemen had fired 14 drones and eight ballistic missiles at oil facilities at the Saudi port of Ras Tanura and military targets in three other Saudi cities, and this spurred prices to shoot up more than 2 per cent.

The Saudi Energy Ministry later confirmed a drone hit: the target was an oil tank farm at Ras Tanura. However, a military spokesman for the Kingdom said the attack had not resulted in any property loss.

The news of the attacks comes just days after another announcement by the Houthis that they had hit an Aramco facility in Jeddah. That announcement came a few days after Saudi Arabia said it had intercepted a ballistic missile fired by the Houthis over Riyadh.

Since 2015, the two Gulf states of Saudi Arabia and Iran have been fighting a proxy war in Yemen, where the Saudis lead a military Arab coalition to restore legitimacy in the country, while the Houthi movement, which holds the capital Sanaa, is backed by Iran.

The Houthi rebels have often claimed they have hit oil infrastructure assets in Saudi Arabia and have taken responsibility for several high-profile attacks in the region.

The attacks in Saudi Arabia follow a devastating winter freeze in Texas and other parts of the southern United States last month knocked out production of roughly 4 million barrels per day of U.S. oil, pushing prices above $60 a barrel for the first time in more than a year.

The threats to the global oil supply are taking place with economists expecting energy demand to surge as nations recover from the pandemic.

Last week, the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and its allies (OPEC+) chose not to relax supply curbs even as the global economy continues to recover from the collapse brought about by the coronavirus pandemic.

The producer alliance agreed to hold output steady in April, while Saudi Arabia said that it will maintain its 1 million barrel-a-day voluntary production cut.

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Economy

Friesland Opens Week Bullish on NASD Exchange

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Friesland WAMCO

By Adedapo Adesanya

The bulls were dominant on the floor of the NASD Over-the-Counter (OTC) Securities Exchange on Monday, leaving the market 1.89 per cent higher.

The growth recorded at the first trading session of the week was influenced by the gains printed by the shares of FrieslandCampina WAMCO Nigeria Plc.

Business Post reports that during the session, the equity price of the milk producer appreciated by N9.66 to close at N130 per share as against the previous N120.34 per share.

As a result, the market capitalisation of the bourse was boosted by N9.43 billion to N509.75 billion from N500.32 billion it closed last Friday.

Similarly, the NASD Unlisted Security Index (NSI) skyrocketed by 13.14 points at the close of transactions yesterday to 710.44 points from 697.30 points.

However, despite the growth recorded at the market on Monday, there was a decrease in the volume of transactions by investors by 36.0 per cent as only 75,500 units of securities were traded in contrast to 117,995 units recorded at the preceding session.

In the same vein, the total value of shares traded by market participants reduced by 30.9 per cent to N9.8 million from N14.2 million.

Also, there was a drop in the total number of deals executed at the market by 50 per cent as only a single deal was carried out in contrast to the two deals executed last Friday and it was on FrieslandCampina WAMCO Nigeria Plc.

At the close of trading activities, UBN Property Plc was the most traded stock by volume (year to date) with 15.5 million units valued at N16.8 billion. Central Securities Clearing Systems (CSCS) Plc followed in second place with 4.7 million units worth N74.6 million, while Friesland held the third position with 2.9 million units worth N356.2 million.

In terms of the most traded stock by value (year-to-date), Friesland maintained its top position for transacting 2.9 million units valued at N356.2 million. Niger Delta Exploration and Production (NDEP) Plc occupied the second spot with 612,249 units of its securities valued at N198.1 million, while CSCS Plc has traded 4.7 million units worth N74.6 million.

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Economy

Investors Count N11.92bn Loss in One Week at NASD Exchange

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NASD Exchange bullish

By Adedapo Adesanya

Investors at the NASD Over-the-Counter (OTC) Securities Exchange lost N11.92 billion in value last week, marred by losses recorded by a few market bellwethers.

As a result, the total value of unlisted securities on the exchange reduced to N500.32 billion from the previous week’s N512.24 billion.

In the same vein, the NASD Security Index went down by 2.33 per cent or 16.61 points to close the week at 697.3 points as against 713.91 points of the preceding week.

It was observed that Niger Delta Exploration and Production (NDEP) Plc and Central Securities Clearing System (CSCS) Plc were largely responsible for the bearish outcome seen in the ninth trading week of this year on NASD.

The share price of NDEP depreciated by 7.8 per cent to settle at N270.00 per unit in contrast to the previous N292.82 per unit, while CSCS Plc lost 4.7 per cent to close at N15.72 per share versus N16.50 it ended a week earlier.

Despite the poor performance of the market last week, two companies recorded growth in their equity prices.

Friesland Campina WAMCO Plc gained 0.8 per cent to trade at N120.34 in contrast to the previous N119.43, while Acorn Petroleum Plc appreciated by 6.3 per cent to 17 kobo from 16 kobo.

On the activity chart, there was a 106.1 per cent increase in the trading value to N65.2 million from N31.6 million. The trading volume also rose in the week by 561.6 per cent to 2,449,670 units from 370,270 units, while the number of deals appreciated by 34.6 per cent to 35 deals from the previous week’s 26 deals.

Acorn Petroleum Plc was the most traded securities by volume with 1.1 million units. It was followed by Industrial and General Insurance (IGI) Plc (611,050 units);  FrieslandCampina WAMCO Plc (509,904 units); Food Concepts Plc (125,000 units) and CSCS Plc (81,650 units).

However, Friesland Campina was the most active by value with N61.4 million; NDEP Plc trailed with N2.2 million; CSCS Plc with N1.3 million; Acorn Petroleum Plc with N188,496, and Food Concepts Plc with N100,000.

On a year-to-date basis, investors have traded 26.7 million units worth N667.2 million in 275 deals.

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