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Gap Between NAFEX, Parallel Market Rates Will Worsen FX Scarcity

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NAFEX

By Aduragbemi Omiyale

The current foreign exchange (FX) scarcity will worsen if the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) does nothing about the wide gap between the exchange rates in the parallel market and the Nigerian Autonomous Foreign Exchange (NAFEX).

This was the submission of S&P Global Ratings in its latest report released this week, which was made available to Business Post.

The agency noted that the difference between the spot market rate and the parallel market creates an avenue for manipulations in the currency market.

At the close of business on Thursday, the Naira was exchanged with the Dollar in the official market at N436.63/$1 after appreciating by 87 Kobo or 0.02 per cent, while on the streets, the exchange rate was N731/$1.

From the above, the exchange rate gap between the two segments of the forex market is N294.37 or 67.4 per cent, which S&P is of the opinion that it will further cause the FX crisis in the country to worsen. This is because a few powerful people can get the forex from the central bank under any guise to sell at the black market, making a gain of nearly N300 per Dollar.

A former Governor of the CBN, Mr Lamido Sanusi, had once cried on top of the roof that this system was making some people become billionaires without breaking a sweat, calling for the merging of the rates into one.

The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and others have also advised Nigeria to think in this direction for the good of the local currency, but the CBN has remained adamant, preferring to dip its hands into the external reserves to defend the Naira.

“Although foreign exchange reserves are still holding up at around $37 billion, pressures on the naira exchange rate are persisting.

“The difference between the Nigerian Autonomous Foreign Exchange Fixing Mechanism (NAFEX) rate and the parallel rate has widened by about 65 per cent.

“This will exacerbate foreign exchange scarcity as structural issues are yet to be addressed, undermining the performance of key sectors in the economy,” the agency said.

Economy

OPEC+ Agrees to Keep Current Oil Production Cuts

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libya oil production

By Adedapo Adesanya

The 23 oil-producing nations under the aegis of the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and its allies, OPEC+, on Sunday agreed to stay the course on output policy ahead of a pending ban from the European Union (EU) on Russian crude.

OPEC+ decided to stick to its existing policy of reducing oil production by 2 million barrels per day or about 2 per cent of world demand from November until the end of 2023.

This will come as a surprise as analysts had expected OPEC+ to consider fresh price-supporting production cuts ahead of a possible double blow to Russia’s oil revenues.

Led by Saudi Arabia and Russia, OPEC+ agreed in early October to reduce production by 2 million barrels per day from November. It came despite calls from the United States for the group to pump more to lower fuel prices and help the global economy.

Meanwhile, the EU is poised to ban all imports of Russian seaborne crude from Monday, while the US and other members of the G-7 will impose a price cap on the oil Russia sells to countries around the world.

EU governments tentatively agreed on Thursday on a $60 a barrel price cap on Russian seaborne oil with an adjustment mechanism to keep the cap at 5 per cent below the market price.

EU countries have wrangled for days over the details of the price cap, which aims to slash Russia’s income from selling oil while preventing a spike in global oil prices after an EU embargo on Russian crude takes effect on December 5.

It will allow countries to continue importing Russian crude oil using Western insurance and maritime services as long as they do not pay more per barrel than the agreed limit.

The Russian government has previously warned that any attempt to impose a price cap on Russian oil will cause more harm than good.

Ahead of the week, this may boost prices as they have fallen to below $90 a barrel from more than $120 in early June ahead of potentially disruptive sanctions on Russian oil, weakening crude demand in China and mounting fears of a recession.

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Economy

South Korea Pledges Mpox Vaccine Supplies

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Monkeypox mpox

By Kestér Kenn Klomegâh

Sadly, African health authorities for several months have pursued vaccines for curing mpox and its further spread mostly in vain as worldwide outbreaks were reported during this year. But there is some light at the end of the tunnel as some considerable assistance might come from the Republic of South Korea.

The Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said some few thousand doses being the first consignment of mpox vaccines as a donation, would arrive shortly and be used for health workers and people living with the disease in the hardest-hit areas in Africa.

The continent this year has recorded 202 deaths from mpox, formerly known as monkeypox, with a fatality rate of 19.3% across 13 countries. African health authorities for months have made feverish efforts in search for curbing the disease’s spread.

According to the Acting CDC director, Ahmed Ogwell, more than 50 new mpox cases in Congo were recorded this month and said Ghana and Nigeria are the other most affected countries. A surge in mpox infections was particularly reported last May outside West and Central Africa.

“Let us get vaccines onto the continent,” CDC Acting Head, Ahmed Ogwell, said in a weekly media briefing pointing to another instance of 1.3 billion people on the continent without access to a vaccine, as in the Covid-19 pandemic.

“The solutions need to be global in nature. If we’re not safe, the rest of the world is not safe,” he warned.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has, however, warned against discrimination. “A failure to act will have grave consequences for global health,” Lawrence Gostin, Director of the WHO Collaborating Center on National and Global Health Law, said on Twitter.

Health officials have emphasized that mpox can infect anyone in close contact with a patient or their contaminated clothing or bedsheets. Researchers are still exploring to establish how it spreads but believe it’s mainly through close, skin-to-skin contact and through contact with bedding and clothing that touched an infected person’s rash or body fluids.

It generally causes mild to moderate symptoms, including fever, fatigue and painful skin lesions that resolve within a few weeks.

Reports, however, said that the mpox had been established in parts of Central and West Africa for decades; it was not known to spark large outbreaks beyond the continent or to spread widely among people until May when authorities detected dozens of epidemics in Europe, North America and elsewhere.

In Africa, mpox mainly spreads to people by infected wild animals like rodents in limited outbreaks that typically have not crossed borders. In Europe, North America and elsewhere, the mpox is spreading among people with no links to animals or recent travel to Africa. In the U.S. and Europe, the vast majority of infections occur among men who have sex with men, though health officials have stressed that anyone can contract the virus.

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Economy

Access Holdings Merges Sigma, FGPL for Formidable PFA Business

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Sigma Pensions

By Aduragbemi Omiyale

To create a formidable pension funds administration (PFA) business in Nigeria, Access Holdings Plc has merged its subsidiary, First Guarantee Pension Limited (FGPL), with Sigma Pensions Limited.

The marriage between the two PFAs was made possible after Access Holdings acquired an indirect equity stake in Sigma.

Recall that in October, the company announced that it was buying a stake in Sigma to revolutionise the PFA sector.

On Thursday, a court approved the merger between the firm and FGPL, giving room for the organisations to become one and offer innovative products to customers.

A notice signed by the group company secretary of Access Holdings, Mr Sunday Ekwochi, confirmed the development.

“Sequel to our announcement on October 25, 2022, Access Holdings Plc, trading as Access Corporation, today announces the completion of its acquisition of an indirect equity stake in Sigma and the merger of its subsidiary, FGPL, with Sigma.

“Following the sanction of the scheme of merger between Sigma and FGPL by the Federal High Court on December 1, 2022, FGPL has been dissolved without winding up, leaving Sigma as the surviving entity,” a part of the statement dated Friday, December 2, 2022.

“Following the successful completion of the merger, our plan is to leverage the synergies of these entities, as well as the corporation’s expansive distribution network, strong risk management culture and best-in-class governance standards to create a formidable pension funds administration business,” the group chief executive of Access Holdings, Mr Herbert Wigwe, stated.

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