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Naira Sells at N400/$1 at Parallel Market

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Naira parallel market

By Adedapo Adesanya

The Naira exchanged at N400 per Dollar at the parallel market segment of the foreign exchange market on renewed panic on Thursday, March 12, 2020.

The Naira/Dollar rate, which stood at N375 on Wednesday, spiked to N400 yesterday after a depreciated of N25 amid worries surrounding the future of the domestic currency over global outcomes like dwindling oil prices and the spread of the coronavirus.

At the same segment, the local currency depreciated by N5 against the British pound sterling to sell at N490/£1 compared with N485/£1 a day earlier, while on the Euro, it depreciated by N2 to quote at N414/€1 in contrast to the previous day’s N412/€1.

At the Bureaux De Change (BDC) segment, operators sold the Naira to customers in Lagos at N382/$1 compared with N365/$1 it was sold on Wednesday, resulting into a depreciation of N17. Data obtained by Business Post from the Association of Bureaux De Change Operators of Nigeria (ABCON) on Thursday showed that the domestic currency depreciated by N16 against the British Pound to N490/£1 from N474/€1, but gained N8 against the Euro to close at N408/€1 in contrast to the previous session’s N416/€1.

At the Abuja BDC market, the local currency was exchanged against the greenback at N384/$1 against N368/$1, indicating a N16 loss. Against the Pound, it dropped N5 to close at N487/£1 compared to N482/£1 recorded on Wednesday and against the Euro, depreciated by N3.50 to N418/€1 from N414.50k/€1.

BDC operators in Port Harcourt traded a Naira to the Dollar at N381/$1 yesterday compared with N365$1 it was exchanged on Wednesday, representing a decline of N16. The Naira depreciated by N76 against the British currency to N489/£1 from N413/£1, and depreciated by N63 on the Euro to N480/€1 from N417/€1.

At the Kano BDC market, the Thursday session saw a N15 deprecation of the local currency against the US Dollar, trading at N380/$1 in contrast to N365/$1 it was quoted on Wednesday. It fell by N5 against the Pound to N475/£1 from N470/£1 and lost N3 on the Euro to N417/€1 from N414/€1.

Business Post gathered from the FMDQ Securities Exchange that the Naira depreciated by 1.5 percent or N5.67 against the Dollar at the Investors and Exporters (I&E) window to sell at N374/$1 in contrast to the previous day’s N368.33/$1.

This was as the daily market turnover increased by 48 percent or $50.4 million to $156.42 million from $106.04 million during the session, causing the domestic to come under pressure.

At the official window of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), the exchange rate remained unchanged against the American currency on Thursday at N306.95/$1.

Adedapo Adesanya is a journalist, polymath, and connoisseur of everything art. When he is not writing, he has his nose buried in one of the many books or articles he has bookmarked or simply listening to good music with a bottle of beer or wine. He supports the greatest club in the world, Manchester United F.C.

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Economy

Naira Trades N566.22/£1 at Interbank, Bitcoin Gains 0.8%

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Bitcoin loses

By Adedapo Adesanya

The Naira appreciated by 84 kobo against the British Pound Sterling at the interbank segment of the foreign exchange (FX) market on Wednesday to close at N566.22/£1 compared with the preceding day’s N567.06/£1.

Equally, the indigenous currency edged higher by N2.73 against the Euro at the same market window to finish at N470.99/€1 in contrast to N473.72/€1 it was exchanged a day earlier.

However, against the United States Dollar, the local currency suffered a loss as it depreciated by 30 kobo to close at N415.30/$1 versus N415.00/$1 it ended on Tuesday.

It was not the same scenario with the Naira at the Investors and Exporters (I&E) window as the Naira closed stronger than the greenback, appreciating by 17 kobo or 0.04 per cent to trade at N416.33/$1 compared with the previous day’s exchange rate of N416.50/$1.

This occurred amid an increase in the FX trades at the market window as the turnover went up by 12.2 per cent or $13.55 million to $124.57 million from the preceding session’s turnover of $111.02 million.

Meanwhile, at the digital currency market, the bulls took control amid a renewed investor confidence, causing seven of the 10 tokens tracked by Business Post to end in the positive territory yesterday.

The highest gainer for the session was Tron (TRX) as its value went up by 1.7 per cent to sell for N39.43, followed by Ripple (XRP) which appreciated by 1.4 per cent to N436.99, and Binance Coin (BNB), which grew by 0.9 per cent to trade at N192,540.74.

In addition, Bitcoin (BTC) gained 0.8 per cent to trade at N24,183,994.94, Dash (DASH) recorded a 0.7 per cent appreciation to sell at N74,381.31, Litecoin (LTC) added 0.7 per cent to its value to close at N80,114.51, while Ethereum (ETH) made a 0.4 per cent jump to trade at N1,802,564.40.

However, Cardano (ADA) depreciated during the session by 7.3 per cent to N805.27, Dogecoin (DOGE) retreated by 0.6 per cent to sell at N99.9, while the US Dollar Tether (USDT) declined by 0.1 per cent to sell for N577.45.

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Economy

Turkish Pipeline Fire Drives Crude Oil Prices Higher

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Crude Oil Prices

By Adedapo Adesanya

For the fourth trading session, crude oil prices soared at the global market on Wednesday on the back of a fire that briefly stopped the flow of a pipeline from Iraq to Turkey.

This increased concerns about an already tight supply outlook amid worrisome geopolitical troubles in Russia and the United Arab Emirates, holding prices in the bullish territory.

Consequently, the price of the Brent crude futures rose by 93 cents or 1.06 per cent to trade at $88.44 per barrel, while the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures jumped $1.53 or 1.8 per cent to $86.96 per barrel.

It was gathered that to address the pipeline issue yesterday, Turkey had to cut oil flows on the Kirkuk-Ceyhan pipeline after an explosion on the system, although the cause of the explosion was not announced.

The pipeline carries crude out of Iraq, the second-largest producer in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), to the Turkish port of Ceyhan for export.

In recent days, supply concerns have after Yemen’s Houthi group attacked the United Arab Emirates (UAE), OPEC’s third-largest producer, while Russia, the world’s second-largest oil producer, has built up a large troop presence near Ukraine’s border, stoking fears of invasion.

The tensions raise the prospect of supply disruptions at a time when OPEC and their allies, together called OPEC+, are already having difficulty meeting their agreed target to add 400,000 barrels per day of supply each month.

On the back of these, analysts expect prices to remain high as jet fuel consumption is rising with growth in international flights, while road traffic is much higher than the same time last year.

Outages in Libya, Ecuador, and Kazakhstan, coupled with downgrades to US, Russia, and Brazil forecasts, together result in 1 million barrels per day, indicating lower supply this month against the previous forecast.

The International Energy Agency (IEA) on Wednesday raised its demand growth estimates by 200,000 barrels per day for both 2021 and 2022.

Demand increased by 1.1 million barrels per day to 99 million barrels per day in the fourth quarter of 2021, defying expectations of a serious hit to consumption due to the Omicron wave, the IEA said in its Oil Market Report (OMR).

The market is tighter than expected, the agency said, but still warned that there would be a surplus in the first quarter of 2022, with “demand set for a seasonal decline, exacerbated by more teleworking and less air travel.”

US President Joe Biden explained that his administration will work to try to increase oil supplies in the world’s largest oil producer.

The administration had authorized the release of 50 million barrels of crude oil – in a mix of loans and sales – from the nation’s Strategic Petroleum Reserve last year, but it had minimal effect on the market.

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Economy

Senate Pass Bill to Establish National Rice Development Council

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Price of Paddy Rice

By Adedapo Adesanya

The Senate has passed a bill seeking to establish the National Rice Development Council as part of the federal government’s effort to cut down on rice importation and improve the country’s foreign exchange earnings.

The passage of the bill followed the consideration of a report by the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development.

Speaking at the presentation, the Chairman of the Committee, Mr Abdullahi Adamu, said the council will support the comprehensive development of the rice sector and the organisation of rice stakeholders to enhance local production of rice in Nigeria.

He explained that the organisation will transform the activities of rice farmers, rice processors, millers, researchers, marketers and other important stakeholders across the entire rice value chain, particularly the clusters of smallholder rice farmers and small scale millers spread all over the country.

“Mr President and distinguished colleagues, with our natural comparative advantage in the area of rice production as a country, Nigeria should consider the need to put in place a National Rice Development Council and a fail-safe comprehensive national rice development roadmap that will guide us not only into a regime of self-sufficiency in production but also for export purposes, employment generation for our teaming youth and growth of our economy.

“The Nigerian rice industry exists in the abstract as there appears to be no form of coordination in the absence of a properly structured rallying point.

“Today, we have Paddy Rice Dealers Association of Nigeria (PRIDAN), Rice Farmers Association of Nigeria (RIFAN), Rice Processors Association of Nigeria (RIPAN), Rice Millers Association of Nigeria (RIMAN) and many more.

“This Bill seeks to establish that rallying point and a comprehensive national operational and governance structure for a complete rice value chain process.

“Mr President and distinguished colleagues, this Bill on its own merit will improve government efforts for efficient policy and regulatory framework for the Nigerian rice industry; promote enabling business and investment environments for rice stakeholders; support the growth of the rice industry in Nigeria and in the sub-region as well as promote the sustainability of foreign exchange earnings put at about $2 billion annually for Rice related importation to the country.

“The framework created by thịs Bill will pull investment into rice production, provide the missing link between rice production and industrialization, provide employment, reduce migration from rural to urban cities and enhance socio-economic activities all over the country.

“Few countries having Rice Council include Rice Council of Tanzania, USA Rice Council, Directorate of Rice Development (India), Rice Association of Thailand, among others,” he said.

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