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Economy

Saving Your Money in Different Currencies – What are the Plus Sides?

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Saving Your Money

Communication has been one of the most important activities either between individuals, groups of people or even between countries. It was very important for the currency the country was holding because it was the main tool for communication and the same currency holding could make the two countries united or separated.

We can see the same trend nowadays, however, in the 21st century, it is more likely for countries to have common interests, policies, etc while having the same currency. A perfect example, in this case, is the European Union and countries that are having a Euro as their currency, and as a result, their economic dependency is utterly high.

The same way as the English language became universal and it is the language that is most widely used even while you are travelling abroad, the USD has become a universal currency as well.

If English is used by people to communicate with each other, USD is used by political entities, government officials and is often considered to be the tool to conduct negotiations between countries.

Even though the USD is widely used and accepted in many countries, it is not the primary currency in the majority of countries, and because of that, the countries are using the exchange rates to calculate the difference between two currencies.

If we are in our country, we are using our national currency, however, if we are leaving the country, money exchange is one of the most important details to take into account. The USD and EUR exchange is the most popular pair in the world.

Pros and Cons

The existence of different currencies can be considered as positive as well as a negative prism. The USD is the most frequently used currency and many different activities, whether it is for trading, measurement, and most importantly this is the currency that is fixed to gold.

Another most widely spread currency is the Euro which is used in Europe by the member countries of the Single Currency Market, and the advantages that were imposed by the implementation of the single currency are fascinating. People living in Greece can go to Italy without thinking about the additional commissions for converting the currencies, let alone the trade procedures that are way easier.

The fact that those currencies are very popular does not mean that there are no other currencies that are more valuable. GBP and Swiss Pound are great examples in this case. The differences between currencies are very important to take into account, especially when those two countries are having strong economic relations.

The biggest profit and advantage that is taken from the exchange market and currency fluctuation are by the forex brokers and generally, the foreign exchange market.

The whole idea and the purpose of the industry is to trade with the differences between currencies or between possible changes that might happen between currencies. If someone is considering becoming involved in the market, there are several important factors to be considered.

First and foremost, it is important to find a brokerage company (trading without help is quite difficult) that is regulated on the market.

It also depends on where is your current living locations since the regulatory bodies are different from one country to another, for example, there is a lot of difference between CySEC and FCA, the first one being the regulatory body from Cyprus and offers the companies easier terms and conditions, while FCA is the regulatory body in the UK, having one of the most difficult processes to get the license.

Forex market usually observes the changes in the economy, whether it is inflation or recession, as well as the depreciation and appreciation. The system is quite simple and the trader earns profits if the prediction on a certain currency rate was true, however, the market is very vulnerable to many aspects happening not only in the economy but in political or social agenda. This is why sometimes the regulatory bodies are too restrictive when it comes to giving the license to the brokerage companies.

Savings and different currencies

All of us have to work really hard to make our economic conditions better than it is at that certain time. For that, we often save our money for the next few months, years, or even for the future generation.

The meaning of saving and its efficiency was quite vivid when the whole world faced the global COVID pandemic and the economic crisis that was caused by it. Some people were smart enough to take care of their funds for the dark days.

However, some people appeared to be smart, while others appeared to be smarter. Those who live outside of the US or the EU and receive the wages in their national currency often save their money in the USD or EUR.

During the pandemic, all the currencies were depreciated against the USD, which means that the USD got even stronger and those who had saved in their local currency lost more than those who made saving in the USD.

Very clear examples, in this case, are the Eastern or Central European countries, for example, Poland, which is still using the national currency Polish Zloty, and which was depreciated during the global pandemic. People, who had their savings in the local currency lost twice as much as they would have benefited in the case of investing in the USD.

The economic changes are happening all over the world very dynamically and global inflation is still going, especially after years of lockdowns and quarantine.

USD keeps strengthening its positions against all the other currencies and it is still under the question mark whether the other currencies can survive the dollarization or will they lose their value.

The above-mentioned examples have shown that the information is key to any kind of situation and having the proper knowledge about the general trends of the financial, what are the upcoming events that might affect the economic environment or many other details, can help us decide what our future economic steps should be.

It is true that predictions are not always accurate and we also might make the decision that will be not financially beneficial, however, we should not try out the amount that we are building the trust upon and relying ourselves on them. Having the proper saving management strategy and plan is the key to its success.

Dipo Olowookere is a journalist based in Nigeria that has passion for reporting business news stories. At his leisure time, he watches football and supports 3SC of Ibadan. Mr Olowookere can be reached via dipo.olowookere@businesspost.ng

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Economy

FAAC Disburses N699.8bn to FG, States, Councils

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FAAC disburses

By Modupe Gbadeyanka

The sum of N699.824 billion was on Friday distributed to the federal, state and local governments by the Federation Accounts Allocation Committee (FAAC).

The funds were from the revenue generated in December 2021 by the federation and shared among the three tiers of government in line with the agreed sharing formula.

Members of the FAAC, which also comprises Commissioners of Finance of the 36 states of the federation, had a virtual meeting to discuss the amount to be shared in January 2022 and at the end of deliberations, it was agreed that N699.8 billion should be disbursed, higher than the N675.946 billion shared in December 2021 by N23.878 billion.

This comprises distributable statutory revenue of N507.267 billion, distributable Value Added Tax (VAT) revenue of N187.409 billion and Exchange Gain of N5.148 billion.

About N30.003 billion was deducted as the cost of collection of the earnings by the various revenue-generating agencies, while N36.643 billion was for the total deductions for statutory transfers, refunds and savings.

A breakdown of the distributed revenue for this month showed that from the N699.8 billion, the federal government was allocated N279.457 billion, states were allotted N221.190 billion, while the local councils were given N163.879 billion, with N35.297 billion shared to the relevant states as 13 per cent derivation revenue.

A further breakdown showed that in the month, the federal government got N248.885 billion from the statutory revenue of N507.267 billion, while states received N126.238 billion, with the local government councils getting N97.324 billion and the relevant states receiving N34.820 billion as 13 per cent derivation revenue.

Last month, the country generated N201.255 billion from value-added tax, N5.080 billion higher than the N196.175 billion raked in November 2021 and from this, N8.050 billion was removed as the cost of collection, while N5.796 billion was allocated to the North East Development Commission (NEDC) and N187.409 billion was shared by the tiers of government.

From this, the federal government took N28.111 billion, states got N93.705 billion, while the local government councils received N65.593 billion.

The total exchange gain for last month was N5.148 billion and the federal government was given N2.461 billion, N1.248 billion and N0.962 billion were shared to the states and local councils respectively, while N0.477 billion was given to the relevant states as 13 per cent derivation revenue.

In a communiqué issued on Friday after the FAAC meeting for this month, it was disclosed that the balance in the Excess Crude Account (ECA) as of January 21, 2022, was $35.368 million.

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Economy

NGX Trading Indices Sustain Growth as NNFM Further Gains 9.72%

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NSE Trading Indices

By Dipo Olowookere

The trading indices of the Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Limited further appreciated on Friday by 0.15 per cent on sustained bargain-hunting.

At the close of business, the All-Share Index (ASI) rose by 66.83 points to 45,957.35 points from 45,890.52 points, while the market capitalisation expanded by N36 billion to N24.761 trillion from N24.725 trillion.

During the session, the banking space lost 0.11 per cent, while the industrial goods sector closed flat, with the energy, insurance and consumer goods counters growing by 2.55 per cent, 0.43 per cent and 0.33 per cent respectively.

Unlike the preceding session, trading activities were low yesterday with the trading volume, value and number of deals waning by 67.76 per cent, 92.25 per cent and 13.89 per cent respectively.

A total of 281.6 million shares worth N2.4 billion exchanged hands in 3,739 deals on Friday compared with the 873.5 million shares worth N31.5 billion transacted in 4,342 deals on Thursday.

Transcorp finished the day as the most traded stock with 35.7 million units sold for N38.1 million, followed by Courtville with 31.8 million units sold for N14.4 million.

Sovereign Trust Insurance transacted 26.4 million equities valued at N6.1 million, Access Bank exchanged 22.2 million stocks for N216.9 million, while FBN Holdings traded 18.4 million shares worth N220.2 million.

Business Post reports that investor sentiment remained relatively strong yesterday as the market breadth closed positive with 21 price gainers and 14 price losers.

For the second straight session, Northern Nigerian Flour Mills (NNFM) closed as the best-performing stock with a price appreciation of 9.72 per cent to trade at N7.90.

Courtville gained 9.52 per cent to sell for 46 kobo, Vitafoam improved by 5.46 per cent to N22.20, FTN Cocoa rose by 5.41 per cent to 39 kobo, while Seplat grew by 4.86 per cent to N755.10.

The worst-performing stock was Regency Assurance because of the 4.55 per cent loss it posted at the exchange on Friday, closing at 42 kobo.

Sovereign Trust Insurance lost 4.00 per cent to trade at 24 kobo, Sunu Assurances depreciated by 3.13 per cent to 31 kobo, Honeywell Flour fell by 3.03 per cent to N3.20, while Custodian Investment dropped 2.76 per cent to N7.05.

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Economy

Tough Times Await Promoters of Unregistered Investment Schemes

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unregistered investment schemes

By Dipo Olowookere

Promoters of Ponzi schemes and unregistered investment schemes in Nigeria may soon be in big trouble if the law being proposed by the National Assembly is passed into law and signed by the President.

On Thursday, a bill to amend the Investment and Securities Act 2007, sponsored by Mr Babangida Ibrahim, representing MalumFashi/Kafur Federal Constituency in Katsina State at the House of Representatives, scaled the second reading.

The amendment is titled A Bill for an Act to Repeal the Investments and Securities Act, 2007 and Enact the Investments and Securities Bill to Establish Securities and Exchange Commission as the Apex Regulatory Authority for the Nigerian Capital Market as well as Regulation of the Market to ensure Capital Formation, the Protection of the Market to ensure Capital Formation, the Protection of Investors, Maintain Fair, Efficient and Transparent Market and Reduction of Systematic Risk; and for Related Matters.

The bill intends to combat the menace of Ponzi schemes and ensure that the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is well equipped to stem the tide.

According to Mr Ibrahim, there has been a lot of complaints by Nigerians on the activities of these schemes that promise unreasonably high returns and at the end of the day, they fleece Nigerians of their hard-earned money hence the need for more regulations to monitor them.

Under the proposed law, ‘A bill to repeal the Investment and Securities Act 2007 and to enact the Investments and Securities Act, 2021’ which passed the second reading at the floor of the House of Representatives yesterday, SEC will be empowered to address the challenges of Ponzi schemes.

Section 195 (1) of the Bill empowers SEC thus: “The Commission shall have the power to enter and seal up all prohibited schemes and shall obtain an Order of court to freeze and forfeit all assets of such schemes to the Federal Government of Nigeria.

“(2) The cost and expenses incurred under subsection (1) above shall be a first charge from the funds and properties of the illegal scheme including assets of its owners, promoters and or managers, whether acquired legitimately or otherwise.

“(3) For the purposes of this Bill, “prohibited scheme” including those commonly known as a Ponzi or Pyramid scheme means: (a)  Any investment scheme that pays existing contributors with funds collected from new contributors to the scheme promising high returns with little or no risk: i) Whether or not the scheme limits the number of persons who may participate therein, either expressly or by the application of conditions affecting the eligibility of a person to enter into, or receive compensation under the scheme; or ii) Whether the scheme is operated at a physical address or through the internet or other electronic means. (b) Any scheme where participants attempt to make money by recruiting new participants usually where: (i) the promoter promises a high return in a short period of time, and (ii) no genuine product or service is actually sold; or (iii) the primary emphasis is on recruiting new participants

“(4) The promoter(s) and operator(s) of any entity engaged in a prohibited scheme commits an offence and is liable upon conviction to imprisonment for a term of ten (10) years or a fine of N5,000,000 or both”.

According to Mr Ibrahim, “The current ISA 2007 is old and we all know a lot has happened between that time and now like technological advancements. The capital market has to be dynamic in today’s world in a bid to contribute its quota to national development and that is one of the reasons why we are pushing this.”

“A lot of things have happened between that time and now hence the need for an amendment. When that law came into existence we did not have derivatives and commodities markets as we do now, these are some of the issues that are necessitating this amendment.

“The plan is to make this Bill a little bit flexible so some national government can be able to approach the capital market to source for fund either for developmental projects,” he added.

Another part of the amendment is to increase the period within which a claim for compensation could be made for the Investor Protection Fund to six years from the date of occurrence of the defalcation, revocation, cancellation, insolvency or bankruptcy of the dealing firm. The period in the current Act is six months.

The objectives of an Investor Protection Fund is to compensate investors who suffer pecuniary loss arising from the insolvency, bankruptcy or negligence of a dealing member firm of a securities exchange; defalcation committed by a dealing member firm or any of its directors, officers, employees or representatives in relation to securities, money or any property entrusted to, or received or deemed received by the dealing member firm in the course of its business as a capital market operator; and revocation or cancellation of the registration of a dealing member firm.

According to the proposed amendment, two new subsections have been introduced to complement the existing provisions on the manner in which a claim to the investor protection fund can be made.

This is a departure from Section 213 (2) of the 2007 Act, which requires a claim for compensation to be made in the first instance to the securities exchange.

In addition, subsection (4) of the Act has been modified to take care of such preconditions for compensation as may have been prescribed by the Board of Trustees.

Specifically, it added that a verified claim must be paid by the investor protection fund to an investor within 14 days of such verification by the securities exchange.

It said, “A claim for compensation under this part of the Bill shall be made in writing to the board of trustees within 6 years from the date of occurrence of the defalcation, revocation or cancellation of the registration of the dealing member firm and insolvency or bankruptcy of the dealing member firm, and any claim which is not so made shall be barred unless the Commission otherwise determines.

“No action for damages shall lie against a securities exchange or against any member or employee of a securities exchange or of a board of trustees or management sub-committee by reason of any notice published in good faith and without malice for the purposes of this section.”

Mr Ibrahim expressed the optimism that when the Bill is passed into law, it would empower the SEC with the necessary backing to effectively regulate the capital market and emphasize the independence of the agency in line with the requirements of the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO).

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