Communication has been one of the most important activities either between individuals, groups of people or even between countries. It was very important for the currency the country was holding because it was the main tool for communication and the same currency holding could make the two countries united or separated.
We can see the same trend nowadays, however, in the 21st century, it is more likely for countries to have common interests, policies, etc while having the same currency. A perfect example, in this case, is the European Union and countries that are having a Euro as their currency, and as a result, their economic dependency is utterly high.
The same way as the English language became universal and it is the language that is most widely used even while you are travelling abroad, the USD has become a universal currency as well.
If English is used by people to communicate with each other, USD is used by political entities, government officials and is often considered to be the tool to conduct negotiations between countries.
Even though the USD is widely used and accepted in many countries, it is not the primary currency in the majority of countries, and because of that, the countries are using the exchange rates to calculate the difference between two currencies.
If we are in our country, we are using our national currency, however, if we are leaving the country, money exchange is one of the most important details to take into account. The USD and EUR exchange is the most popular pair in the world.
Pros and Cons
The existence of different currencies can be considered as positive as well as a negative prism. The USD is the most frequently used currency and many different activities, whether it is for trading, measurement, and most importantly this is the currency that is fixed to gold.
Another most widely spread currency is the Euro which is used in Europe by the member countries of the Single Currency Market, and the advantages that were imposed by the implementation of the single currency are fascinating. People living in Greece can go to Italy without thinking about the additional commissions for converting the currencies, let alone the trade procedures that are way easier.
The fact that those currencies are very popular does not mean that there are no other currencies that are more valuable. GBP and Swiss Pound are great examples in this case. The differences between currencies are very important to take into account, especially when those two countries are having strong economic relations.
The biggest profit and advantage that is taken from the exchange market and currency fluctuation are by the forex brokers and generally, the foreign exchange market.
The whole idea and the purpose of the industry is to trade with the differences between currencies or between possible changes that might happen between currencies. If someone is considering becoming involved in the market, there are several important factors to be considered.
First and foremost, it is important to find a brokerage company (trading without help is quite difficult) that is regulated on the market.
It also depends on where is your current living locations since the regulatory bodies are different from one country to another, for example, there is a lot of difference between CySEC and FCA, the first one being the regulatory body from Cyprus and offers the companies easier terms and conditions, while FCA is the regulatory body in the UK, having one of the most difficult processes to get the license.
Forex market usually observes the changes in the economy, whether it is inflation or recession, as well as the depreciation and appreciation. The system is quite simple and the trader earns profits if the prediction on a certain currency rate was true, however, the market is very vulnerable to many aspects happening not only in the economy but in political or social agenda. This is why sometimes the regulatory bodies are too restrictive when it comes to giving the license to the brokerage companies.
Savings and different currencies
All of us have to work really hard to make our economic conditions better than it is at that certain time. For that, we often save our money for the next few months, years, or even for the future generation.
The meaning of saving and its efficiency was quite vivid when the whole world faced the global COVID pandemic and the economic crisis that was caused by it. Some people were smart enough to take care of their funds for the dark days.
However, some people appeared to be smart, while others appeared to be smarter. Those who live outside of the US or the EU and receive the wages in their national currency often save their money in the USD or EUR.
During the pandemic, all the currencies were depreciated against the USD, which means that the USD got even stronger and those who had saved in their local currency lost more than those who made saving in the USD.
Very clear examples, in this case, are the Eastern or Central European countries, for example, Poland, which is still using the national currency Polish Zloty, and which was depreciated during the global pandemic. People, who had their savings in the local currency lost twice as much as they would have benefited in the case of investing in the USD.
The economic changes are happening all over the world very dynamically and global inflation is still going, especially after years of lockdowns and quarantine.
USD keeps strengthening its positions against all the other currencies and it is still under the question mark whether the other currencies can survive the dollarization or will they lose their value.
The above-mentioned examples have shown that the information is key to any kind of situation and having the proper knowledge about the general trends of the financial, what are the upcoming events that might affect the economic environment or many other details, can help us decide what our future economic steps should be.
It is true that predictions are not always accurate and we also might make the decision that will be not financially beneficial, however, we should not try out the amount that we are building the trust upon and relying ourselves on them. Having the proper saving management strategy and plan is the key to its success.
Nigerian Exchange Rises 0.23% as Investors Mop up Bank Stocks
By Dipo Olowookere
The Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Limited extended its gains on Friday with a 0.23 per cent growth on the back of a sustained interest in bank stocks.
Business Post observed that investors mopped up equities of tier-one lenders yesterday and this buying pressure further lifted the All-Share Index (ASI) of the exchange by 88.15 points to 38,962.28 points from the previous day’s 38,874.13 and pushed the market capitalisation higher by N46 billion to N20.300 trillion from N20.254 trillion.
The market breadth was positive during the session as there were 25 price gainers and 11 price losers, indicating a positive investor sentiment.
Pharma Deko topped the gainers’ chart after its equity price went up by 9.74 per cent to N2.14. Sovereign Trust Insurance grew by 8.70 per cent to 25 kobo, Okomu Oil rose by 5.77 per cent to N110.00, Eterna appreciated by 4.95 per cent to N7.00, while Champion Breweries moved up by 4.71 per cent to N2.00.
On the reverse side, SCOA Nigeria topped the log with a price decline of 9.38 per cent to settle at 87 kobo. Presco went down by 8.18 per cent to N73.00, Regency Alliance fell by 6.38 per cent to 44 kobo, Total Energies depreciated by 3.61 per cent to N192.00, while Sterling Bank depleted by 1.34 per cent to N1.47.
A look at the performance of the five key sectors of the market showed that the banking space closed 1.86 per cent higher, the insurance sector rose by 0.27 per cent, the consumer goods counter appreciated by 0.06 per cent, while the energy index grew by 0.04 per cent, with the industrial goods sector closing flat.
The most traded stock on Friday was FBN Holdings as investors exchanged 481.5 million units valued at N3.6 billion.
Ecobank traded 16.6 million units worth N87.8 million, Zenith Bank transacted 12.0 million units valued at N279.0 million, Access Bank exchanged 11.6 million units worth N100.9 million, while Transcorp sold 9.4 million units for N8.7 million.
At the close of business, a total of 633.5 million shares worth N6.5 billion were traded in 3,228 deals as against the 125.8 million shares worth N1.3 billion transacted in 2,990 deals on Thursday, indicating a 403.61 per cent rise in the trading volume, a 409.36 per cent growth in the trading value and a 7.96 per cent jump in the number of deals.
FX Demand Pressure Crashes Naira by N1.22 at I&E
By Adedapo Adesanya
The Naira came under immense pressure on Friday against the United States Dollar at the Investors and Exporters (I&E) segment of the foreign exchange (FX) market as more customers approach the banks for their forex needs.
The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) had informed FX users to stop patronising traders at the unregulated segment of the market and use the I&E window for their forex transactions.
But it seems the traders at the official window are battling with FX supply as the demand pressure is taking its toll on the local currency, according to its performance yesterday.
Business Post reports that the domestic currency depreciated against the greenback on Friday by N1.22 or 0.30 per cent to close at N414.90/$1 compared with N413.68/$1 it was traded on Thursday.
It was observed that during the session, the value of trades increased by 10.1 per cent or $17.71 million to $193.59 million from the previous day’s $175.86 million.
At the interbank segment of the market, the value of the indigenous currency also depreciated by 3 kobo to settle at N410.70/$1 in contrast to N410.67/$1 it traded at the preceding session.
As for the digital currency market, there was a downward movement in eight of the 10 tokens monitored by this newspaper yesterday as only the duo of Cardano (ADA) and the United States Dollar Tether (USDT) appreciated at the market by 1.2 per cent and 0.1 per cent respectively to settle at N1,374.04 and N576.01 apiece.
On the other hand, Ethereum (ETH) went down by 7.6 per cent to sell at N1,713,900.99, Litecoin (LTC) dipped by 6.6 per cent to trade at N86,848.72, while Dash (DASH) fell by 5.8 per cent to N97,992.14.
Also, Tron (TRX) declined by 3.9 per cent to finish at N53.39, Ripple (XRP) lost 3 per cent to trade at N559.99 Dogecoin (DOGE) depreciated by 2.4 per cent to trade N125.90, while Bitcoin (BTC) reduced by 1.9 per cent to close at N24,809,058.00.
Brent Climbs Above $78 as Supply Tightens
By Adedapo Adesanya
Brent crude oil rose above $78 a barrel on Friday, precisely to $78.09 per barrel after it appreciated by 1.09 per cent or 84 cents as global output disruptions forced energy companies to pull out large amounts of crude inventories.
Also during the session, the price of the United States West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures improved by 0.63 per cent or 93 cents to finish at $73.98 per barrel.
The Brent posted its highest value since October 2018, while the WTI since July 2021.
It was also the third week of gains for Brent and the fifth for WTI mostly due to US Gulf Coast output disruptions from Hurricane Ida in late August.
The market has been bullish since news of US crude stocks dropped to their lowest since October 2018 and the broader market received more clarity about the US Federal Reserve next policy moves.
After the US Fed signalled that it could begin tapering asset purchases as soon as November and potentially start raising interest rates as soon as next year, oil market participants turned their focus to global oil inventories, especially those in the United States.
The aftermath of Hurricane Ida is still curtailing oil production in the world’s largest producer, with 16 per cent of crude oil production in the Gulf of Mexico still offline, according to the latest data from the country’s Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE).
The market also gained as US oil refiners were hunting to replace Gulf crude, turning to Iraqi and Canadian oil while Asian buyers have been pursuing Middle Eastern and Russian grades, analysts and traders said.
Positives from one of the world’s biggest exporters, India helped the market as crude imports rose to a three-month peak in August, rebounding from July’s near one-year low.
And the fact that some members of the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and allies (OPEC+) have struggled to raise output due to under-investment or maintenance delays during the pandemic also added to the bullish sentiment.
Iran, which wants to export more oil, said it will return to talks on resuming compliance with the 2015 Iran nuclear deal very soon, but gave no specific date. The return of Iranian oil may be damaging to the market since it is exempted from OPEC cuts.
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