By Modupe Gbadeyanka
Officer in Charge of the Economic Commission for Africa’s African Climate Policy Center (ACPC), Mr James Murombedzi, has disclosed that Africa will not successfully implement the sustainable development agenda and it’s 50-year development plan, Agenda 2063, if urgent climate actions are not taken now.
Speaking ahead of the 7th Climate Change and Development in Africa (CCDA7), which opened in Nairobi on Wednesday, Mr Murombedzi said the continent needs to urgently adopt climate resilient development pathways if it is to survive the adverse impacts of climate change.
The CCDA-VII is being organized in partnership with the Kenyan government and the PanAfrican Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA).
Mr Murombedzi’s comments come in the wake of the Special Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on a global warming of 1.5 degrees centigrade published on October 8, 2018.
The report calls for urgent action to phase out fossil fuels and warns that there is only 12 years to be kept to a maximum of 1.5C and avoid catastrophic environmental breakdown.
“Africa is already suffering from the adverse impacts of climate change even though it contributes far less to greenhouse emissions,” said Mr Murombedzi.
“We need a global approach towards climate resilient development pathways to ensure that warming is limited to 1,5 degrees Celsius and hence not derail Africa’s development renaissance and aspirations.”
Mr Murombedzi said the IPCC report means that climate actions are not only urgent for Africa but also for those responsible for the warming.
“This report is particularly important because a global 1.5C warmer world (compared to pre-industrial) will see several regions worldwide experiencing temperature higher warming – 3 degrees in the case of Africa,” he said.
He added concerted efforts are needed globally, especially to ensure the effective implementation of the Paris Agreement.
“That is why at CCDA-VII we believe that that countries have to start planning for a warmer climate than previously expected so this means we need to review all the different climate actions and proposals to ensure that we can in fact not only survive in a 3C warmer environment but still be able to meet our sustainable development objectives and our Agenda 2063,” said Mr Murombedzi.
He added; “We also need urgent action to ensure there’s an enabling environment for the participation of key actors, that is non-state actors, like civil society, private sector and subnational entities in the climate change discourse.”
The CCDA-VII is this year focusing on the theme; ‘Policies and actions for effective implementation of the Paris Agreement for resilient economies in Africa.’
Its main purpose is to explore ways through which State and non-state actors, particularly civil society, private sector, subnational entities and academia, can support the implementation of the Paris Agreement, said Mr Mithika Mwenda, Secretary General of the PanAfrican Climate Justice Alliance
“So for Africa we would really like to explore ways by which state and non-state actors can ensure that the ambition of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) is increased so that the continent can achieve the sustainable development goals and Agenda 2063,” Mr Mwenda said.
“From this meeting we seek to come up with strategies for increasing the resilience of African economies, particularly in the sectors of agriculture, energy, water, infrastructure and ecosystems in order to reduce impacts of climate change. This means we need to move beyond negotiations between the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and start focusing on green growth strategies from different stakeholders,” he said.
Mr Murombedzi said the CCDA will look at ways of ensuring that the global climate governance framework becomes responsive to challenges that have already been experienced by Africa in terms of climate change and also focus on building partnerships for coordinated engagement on climate change and sustainable development.
The deliberations from CCDA-VII will also contribute to the 2018 UNFCCC reflection and dialogue on where parties are with climate action, where they want to go and how they get there (Talanoa Dialogue), particularly with regards to means of implementation which are finance, capacity building, technology transfer and partnerships.
Stakeholders who will attend the CCDA-VII include representatives from national governments, local governments, civil society organizations, private sector, farmer organizations, climate scientists, researchers and policymakers.
The youth will also attend the conference as a key constituency that can help in the development of climate policies and strategies at all levels and also exploring potential youth contribution in climate innovations.
AfDB Board Okays $1.5bn to Avert Food Crisis in Africa
By Adedapo Adesanya
The Board of Directors of the African Development Bank Groups (AfDB) on Friday approved a $1.5 billion facility to help African countries avert a looming food crisis.
With the disruption of food supplies arising from the Russia-Ukraine war, Africa now faces a shortage of at least 30 million metric tons of food, especially wheat, maize, and soybeans imported from both countries.
The Abidjan-based bank, among other institutions, has disclosed that African farmers urgently need high-quality seeds and inputs before the planting season begins in May to immediately boost food supplies.
The Abidjan based bank’s $1.5 billion African Emergency Food Production Facility is an unprecedented comprehensive initiative to support smallholder farmers in filling the food shortfall. It will provide 20 million African smallholder farmers with certified seeds.
Also, it will increase access to agricultural fertilizers and enable them to rapidly produce 38 million tons of food, which is about a $12 billion increase in food production in just two years.
The President of AfDB Group, Mr Akinwumi Adesina, said: “Food aid cannot feed Africa. Africa does not need bowls in hand. Africa needs seeds in the ground, and mechanical harvesters to harvest bountiful food produced locally. Africa will feed itself with pride for there is no dignity in begging for food.”
Also, the Vice President of AfDB for Agriculture, Human and Social Development, Ms Beth Dunford, said, “The Africa Emergency Food Production Facility builds on lessons learned from the African Development Bank’s Feed Africa Response to COVID-19 programme. That programme has provided a strategic roadmap to support Africa’s agriculture sector and safeguard food security against the pandemic’s impact.”
The facility has benefited from stakeholder consultations, including those with fertilizer producers and separately with African Union agriculture and finance ministers earlier this month.
The ministers agreed to implement reforms to address the systemic hurdles that prevent modern input markets from performing effectively.
The bank’s $1.5 billion strategies will lead to the production of 11 million tons of wheat; 18 million tons of maize; 6 million tons of rice; and 2.5 million tons of soybeans.
The plan is to provide 20 million farmers with certified seeds, fertilizer, and extension services. It will also support market growth and post-harvest management.
Also, the bank will provide fertilizer to smallholder farmers across Africa over the next four farming seasons, using its convening influence with major fertilizer manufacturers, loan guarantees, and other financial instruments.
The facility will also create a platform to advocate for critical policy reforms to solve the structural issues that impede farmers from receiving modern inputs. This includes strengthening national institutions overseeing input markets.
It has a structure for working with multilateral development partners. This will ensure rapid alignment and implementation, enhanced reach, and effective impact and will increase technical preparedness and responsiveness.
In addition, it includes short, medium, and long-term measures to address both the urgent food crisis and the long-term sustainability and resilience of Africa’s food systems.
SA Startup Nile Raises $5.1m for Direct Agric Purchases
By Adedapo Adesanya
South African agriculture technology startup, Nile, which enables buyers to purchase directly from Africa’s leading food producers through its marketplace, has raised a $5.1 million equity funding round led by Naspers Foundry.
The startup’s end-to-end process connects farmers to commercial retailers of fresh produce both in South Africa and across the continent.
The business-to-business (B2B) platform facilitates transactions and safeguards payments on behalf of farmers, resulting in increased transparency and improved cash flow.
Nile’s new equity round was led by Naspers Foundry, which contributed $2.5 million, alongside Platform Investment Partners, Raba Capital and Base Capital.
This transaction makes it Naspers Foundry’s 10th transaction, with its portfolio also including SweepSouth, Aerobotics, Food Supply Network, The Student Hub, WhereIsMyTransport, Ctrl, Naked Insurance and Floatpays.
Speaking on this, Mr Louis de Kock, co-founder and CEO of Nile, “We are delighted to have Naspers Foundry support our mission to make fresh produce more accessible to people across the African continent.
“While we were able to bootstrap Nile through our initial growth phase, we look forward to having the backing of an internationally respected investor and experienced operator like Naspers as we scale our cross-border operations to the rest of Africa.”
Adding his input, Mr Fabian Whate, head of Naspers Foundry said, “Nile provides a fully integrated ecosystem that creates trust between buyers and sellers on the platform and is a great example of tech entrepreneurs building innovative solutions that address people’s everyday needs.
“We are excited about the growth potential of this business and its contribution to transforming the trade of fresh produce.”
Nile was founded in 2020 to provide farmers with digital solutions that can address various pain points inherent to food trading – including price transparency, quality verification, speed of payments, the traceability of the produce and food waste.
Since Nile’s inception, approximately 30 million kilogrammes of fruits and vegetables have been traded on the platform, with buyers originating from five countries and 35 towns and cities across Southern Africa.
Nile’s services are used by farmers of all sizes, from small-scale farmers to large commercial farmers, with buyers ranging from large South Africa-listed companies to small family-owned retailers and wholesalers.
Nile also operates in Botswana, Namibia, Eswatini and Mozambique.
Migrating to Canada from Nigeria – Provincial Nominee Programs
There continues to be a high demand for high-skilled immigrants in many developed countries worldwide, and Canada isn’t an exception. The country’s skilled immigration system recognizes that immigrants can be instrumental in addressing labour market needs and economic growth, especially when they have in-demand skills, experience, and education. Hence, the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) is an important component of Canada’s economic immigration system.
This provincial program creates a platform for the federal and provincial governments to work together to create industrial growth in Canada. The initiative makes it easier for qualified, skilled foreigners to become permanent residents. Provinces can nominate skilled immigrants who have been invited to apply for PR through Express Entry or the paper-based process.
Who Can Apply for PNP?
Although the nominee program is exclusive to workers, not all applicants in the job market are eligible. Some workers may be eligible, depending on their occupation. If an applicant holds a high human capital that is in demand in the province, the individual can apply for nomination in any of the available PNP immigration programs best suited.
Applicants must apply in the provinces they intend to live in. For example, a foreign senior developer who receives a “notification of interest” from Alberta is not qualified to apply under British Columbia’s PNP, especially when the individual has no interest in becoming a long-term resident there. Using the same scenario, the software engineer may not be considered for this program if there’s no intention to become a permanent resident in Canada.
Breaking Down the PNP Framework
As previously highlighted, there are two approaches to the PNP application process. The procedure entails undergoing some background checks, like police clearance and medical examinations for the province of application. The applicant must clear them successfully, as they make up part of the overall assessment. For those who consider the standard process, the requirements share some similarities with its counterpart.
To begin with, the applicants must meet the eligibility requirements for the province; likewise the Express Entry stream. Their skills must match one of the listed programs. That way, the province can invite such persons to apply. If nominated, they can submit the application to the IRCC. This approach has a longer wait time, compared to the second option.
Generally, the Express Entry stream is faster and more straightforward than the standard process. The skilled immigrant visits the province’s website to apply for nomination. Whereby the province finds the applicant an ideal fit for its labour market needs, it proceeds to nominate the professional, earning the individual 600 CRS extra. The next step would be to create an Express Entry account and proceed to apply for permanent residence.
Another option would be to flip the process around. This time, the Express Entry account creation comes first, which the professional notifies the province of. This is where the “notification of interest” comes into play. With this approach, there is direct communication between the candidate and the province officials in charge of the application. The former can then apply to the latter’s Express Entry stream and proceed to send the PR application to the IRCC.
Is Permanent Residence Available to Families of PNP-Nominated Immigrants?
The Provincial Nominee Program is one of the selected initiatives that encourage families to be united. Under this program, a spouse or child can accompany the foreign-born applicant when they make Canada their permanent residence. Those who move to Canada are eligible to become permanent residents as well. Plus, it extends to the children of the dependent children.
What Are Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) Points?
When seeking permanent residence, various prerequisites must be met. Still, the Comprehensive Ranking System majorly determines whether a candidate is eligible for PR status. Points are allocated depending on the following:
- Language proficiency
- Academic background
- Work experience
- Province ties
Some are given points for obtaining professional degrees, like the Master of Business Administration (MBA) or other specializations that require significant academic efforts. The same is true for a foreign skilled worker, such as a financial advisor, who is fluent in the required language (often English or French). When a province nominates this skilled professional, additional CRS points are added to the person’s profile.
These points combined with those from other considerable aspects of the program, help the IRCC officials determine if the financial advisor qualifies for permanent residence.
How Can Applicants Improve Their Chances of Being Nominated?
Given a large number of skilled foreigners in the Express Entry pool, the possibility of being nominated quickly may be dicey. As such, applicants are advised to build a strong profile. Those who end up securing a job or enrolling in an academic program in Canada increase their CRS points and thus, their chances of getting a provincial nomination for PR application.
For example, an IT project manager seeking a PNP nomination from New Brunswick can boost his or her profile by acquiring a Master’s degree from a Canadian university. This tech professional can boost the chances of being nominated for PR by securing an IT-related role, such as computer programming at a New Brunswick-based tech firm.
The CRS points for such an expert would be higher than someone in the same field who has no connection to the province. In other words, the province will be more inclined to nominate the former than the latter. In the end, it is not simply about being skilled, as many highly skilled individuals are in Canada seeking permanent residence; it is about being the best fit for a province’s labour needs.
PNP Application Language Requirements
The language requirements for any of the streams in the PNP can vary. In general, the provinces nominate applicants who can integrate successfully into Canada. To this effect, applicants must be fluent in either English or French, depending on the stream. They’ll need to demonstrate their competence by taking any of the exams below:
- TCF Canada
- TEF Canada
The first two tests are English-based, whereas the last two are used to measure foreigners’ French language skills. They evaluate an applicant’s capability to converse, write, and listen in the language.
Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program is not difficult to understand. With proper research and planning, foreign-born professionals can apply, get selected, and become part of the country’s permanent population. There’s so much more to Canada than the majestic snow-capped mountains and lakes. Those looking for a career upgrade can consider moving to Canada, particularly if they are competent and willing to settle down.
Latest News on Business Post
- JUST IN: CBN Raises Benchmark Interest Rate to 13% May 24, 2022
- Famous Black and White Logos: Features and Benefits May 24, 2022
- LandWey to Deliver over 1000 Houses to Nigerians Soon May 24, 2022
- AfDB to Facilitate Nigeria’s Return to Agric Electronic Distribution System May 24, 2022
- Court Orders CBN, NDIC to Pay 1,116 Bank Workers N5.7bn May 24, 2022
- Nigeria’s GDP Grows by 3.11% in Q1, What Next? May 24, 2022
- NGX All Share Index Weakens Further by 0.13% May 24, 2022
- CSCS Leads NASD Bourse to 0.39% Loss May 24, 2022
- Nigerian Currency Now Trades N618/$1 at P2P, N420/$1 at I&E May 24, 2022
- Oil Settles Higher on Upbeat Demand Amid Bearish Threats May 24, 2022