Customs Chief Queries 38 million Litres Difference in Petrol Supply
By Adedapo Adesanya
The Comptroller-General of the Nigeria Customs Service, Mr Hameed Ali, has questioned the figures for the daily consumption of Premium Motor Spirit (PMS), popularly known as petrol, in the country.
Mr Ali wondered why the Nigerian National Petroleum Company (NNPC) Limited puts daily consumption of PMS at 60 million litres but approves the supply of 98 million litres from the depots daily.
While speaking at the House Committee on Finance for the hearing on the Medium Term Expenditure Framework (2023 – 2025), he queried the reason for the 38 million litres difference in petrol supply by the NNPC.
The Customs boss also dismissed claims that smuggling of PMS contributes to the huge amounts being paid for subsidy, saying, “The issue is not the smuggling of petroleum.”
Mr Ali noted that, “I have always argued this with NNPC. If we are consuming 60 million litres of petrol per day by their own computation, why in the world would you allow the lifting of 98 million litres per day?
“That computation, to me, is not believable, because scientifically you cannot tell me that if I fill my tank today, tomorrow I will fill my tank with the same quantity of fuel. And if I’m running a petrol station today, if I go to Minna depot and lift, and I’m taking to Kaduna, I may reach Kaduna in the evening and offload that product; there’s no way I could have sold that petrol for you to account that that has been expended.
“So, how do we get to 60 million every day? If you say this petrol is smuggled, if you release 98 million litres, and then we use 60 million litres, the balance will be 38 million litres. How many trucks will carry 38 million litres? Everyday. That’s almost 500. Which road are they following? Where are they carrying this thing to?”
Mr Ali is raising this question at a time the country has blamed constant crude theft as the reason for the loss of revenue from crude oil sales, making it difficult for the government to meet its obligations without resorting to borrowing.
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Saudi Additional Cut Lifts Brent, WTI Crude Prices
By Adedapo Adesanya
Oil prices rose on Monday after the world’s top exporter, Saudi Arabia, pledged to cut production by a further 1 million barrels per day from July.
Consequently, Brent crude futures traded higher by 58 cents at $76.71 a barrel, as the US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures gained 41 cents to quote at $72.15 per barrel.
The Saudi energy ministry said the kingdom’s output would drop to 9 million barrels per day in July from about 10 million barrels per day in May.
The voluntary cut, Saudi Arabia’s biggest in years, is on top of a broader deal by the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and allies, including Russia, to limit supply into 2024 as OPEC+ seeks to boost dropping oil prices.
OPEC+ has in place cuts of 3.66 million barrels per day, amounting to 3.6 per cent of global demand, including 2 million barrels per day agreed last year and voluntary cuts of 1.66 million barrels per day agreed in April.
At Sunday’s meeting, OPEC+ said it would extend them until 2024.
Many of the OPEC+ reductions will have little real impact as lower targets for Russia, Nigeria, and Angola bring them into line with their actual production levels.
In contrast, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was allowed to raise output targets by 200,000 barrels per day to 3.22 million barrels per day to reflect its larger production capacity.
Reactions have since trailed the move, with Mr Fatih Birol, head of the International Energy Agency (IEA), saying that the chance of higher oil prices had increased sharply after the new OPEC+ deal.
Expectations were already that there would be an imbalance in the oil market in the second half of the year; now the supply-demand gap will worsen, Mr Birol said.
Goldman Sachs analysts said the output deal was “moderately bullish” for oil markets and could boost December 2023 Brent prices by between $1 and $6 a barrel, depending on how long Saudi Arabia maintains output at 9 million barrels per day.
ING left its price forecasts unchanged for now and still expects ICE Brent to be average $96 a barrel over the second half of this year.
Analysts also said Sunday’s OPEC+ decision sent a clear signal the group was willing to support prices and attempt to thwart speculators, including short sellers.
NGX Records First Loss Under Tinubu as Investors Liquidate Stocks for Cash
By Dipo Olowookere
The Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Limited recorded its first loss under the administration of President Bola Tinubu on Monday, June 2023, a week after he assumed office.
On the first trading session of his government, the local stock market jumped by 5.22 per cent as investors embraced his policy direction, especially with the promise of unifying the exchange rates and subsidy removal.
However, the latter seems to be his first real test as the labour unions in the country are preparing for a showdown with him from Wednesday unless he reverts the pump price to N185 per litre from N500 per litre.
With the meeting between labour unions and the federal government on Sunday ending in another deadline, the equity market went into profit-taking yesterday, as investors liquidated their stocks for cash.
This marginally sank the NGX by 0.02 per cent at the close of transactions, with the All-Share Index (ASI) down by 16.11 points to 55,806.71 points from 55,822.82 points, and the market capitalisation down by N9 billion to N30.387 trillion from N30.396 trillion.
The loss was mainly orchestrated by the industrial goods sector, which shed 0.01 per cent, offsetting the gains reported by the others.
The sustained buying pressure on energy stocks left the index higher by 2.55 per cent, the insurance sector rose by 1.31 per cent, the banking index improved by 0.27 per cent, and the consumer goods counter improved by 0.06 per cent.
Business Post reports that the market breadth index was bearish on Monday, with 27 price losers and 26 price gainers, indicating a weak investor sentiment.
John Holt was the worst-performing stock after it lost 9.95 per cent to trade at N1.72, Courteville depreciated by 9.80 per cent to 46 Kobo, Chams fell by 9.76 per cent to 37 Kobo, Coronation Insurance went down by 8.70 per cent to 42 Kobo, and Academy Press dropped 7.89 per cent to N1.75.
The best-performing equities were Omatek and NEM Insurance, after they increased by 10.00 per cent each to close at 22 Kobo and N5.50, respectively. Conoil gained 9.94 per cent to finish at N76.85, MRS Oil rose by 9.94 per cent to N54.20, and Eterna jumped by 9.73 per cent to N10.15.
The activity chart was mixed on the first trading session of the week after the trading value expanded by 224.59 per cent to N19.8 billion from N6.1 billion, the trading volume decreased by 18.87 per cent to 369.8 million units from 455.8 million units, and the number of deals shrank by 316 per cent to 7,221 deals from 7,457 deals.
Geregu Power topped the chart for selling 52.5 million shares valued at N16.4 billion, NPF Microfinance Bank traded 50.0 million stocks worth N90.0 million, Access Holdings transacted 46.2 million equities valued at N573.6 million, Zenith Bank traded 28.8 million shares worth N800.6 million, and UBA sold 16.3 million equities valued at N151.7 million.
Karekezi Makes Case for Nigeria’s Agro Insurance Industry
By Adedapo Adesanya
The group managing director of Africa Re., Mr Corneille Karekezi, has pointed out that Nigeria remains a market filled with potential to do well regarding agro insurance, but farmers remain not fully integrated into the formal sector.
In an interview published by the African Insurance Organisation (AIO), he said that despite the economic importance of the agricultural sector to many countries, agricultural insurance markets are still at a very early stage of development in Africa, drawing examples from South Africa and Nigeria.
Agricultural insurance premiums in Africa are estimated to be less than 0.7 per cent of the world’s total.
He said, “The markets in southern Africa have developed well, partly because of the different structures of the agricultural sector, which tends to be dominated by large commercial farms.
“Not only have good risk management structures developed here, but market-oriented and modern practices are also applied.”
“In West African countries such as Nigeria, on the other hand, we see rather small farms and many subsistence farmers, particularly farms which are not yet fully integrated with the formal financial system.
“Nevertheless, we see enormous growth opportunities here, closely linked to the high economic importance of the agricultural sector. The resilience of this sector, which employs a large proportion of the population and is a major contributor to economic growth, urgently needs to be strengthened,” he stated.
Mr Karekezi further said, “With very few exceptions, the experience to date has been disappointing: agricultural insurance penetration is still very low, and key performance indicators such as premium income, accumulated sums insured, and the achievement of risk-adjusted premiums are at unsatisfactory levels.
“This suggests the need for greater government support to ensure, for example, that smallholders can access and afford insurance products. First, however, government awareness and institutional capacity must be strengthened.”
Another major problem that will take years to overcome is Africa’s insufficient availability of agricultural underwriters.
Speaking on regulations, he noted that stakeholders should understand whether regulators want to limit themselves to regulation and supervision or also play an active and important role in market development.
“If this insurance market development mandate to regulators does not exist in a country or is considered less important, regulators will not feel empowered to contribute to the sustainable development of robust insurance markets actively, even though they could be powerful and influential stakeholders.
“Political will is, therefore, the key factor in achieving change and improving conditions. In this context, we would like to mention as an example the Moroccan regulator (Insurance and Social Security Supervisory Authority [ACAPS]), which is playing a very active and successful role in market development.”
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