By Aduragbemi Omiyale
The Chief Executive Officer of the Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Limited, Mr Temi Popoola, has expressed optimism that the launch of the Exchange Traded Derivatives (ETDs) in the Nigerian capital market will deepen Africa’s position in the global financial market.
He said this at the launch of NG Clearing Limited as Central Counterparty (CCP) clearing house in Nigeria on Thursday, December 9, 2021.
Derivatives are financial instruments most popularly used to reduce or hedge risks and are also believed to cover downside risks when large exposure exists in a portfolio long on stocks.
Among the different commonly used financial instruments, index derivatives have raised a great deal of attention in researchers around the world.
Index derivatives exist for all asset classes, and over time their use has grown exponentially for a variety of purposes. The ability to leverage by investing a small amount to gain exposure to a much larger investment is the key benefit of index derivatives.
While index futures have a symmetric impact on portfolio returns, index options can have an asymmetric impact. That said, both are valuable, cost-efficient tools for a number of reasons for a portfolio manager.
For example, if an investor has shorted a large number of single securities, a single index call option can provide a great hedge against an inverse-market move.
However, if an investor has large cash holdings that he or she wants to use for buying stocks after further research, a quick and easy way to deploy the funds is to go long on an index futures contract.
This provides the exposure the investor is ultimately looking to gain, buys time to do the research, costs far less and manages the price impact of large trading in a short time frame. Small purchases over time reduce the effect on prices and will not create a market impact.
Similarly, when a large number of securities need to be sold off, buying index futures gives time to ease in the selling over time and dampens price pressure. As cash positions are built over time, the index future maintains the overall security exposure until further investment decisions are made.
This approach makes sense for both active and passive investors, where large trades can be counterbalanced with the use of index futures or options bought at a low cost by an investor to avoid having large price-impacting shifts in an exposure.
At the launch of NG Clearing last week, Mr Popoola said, “As a multi-asset exchange, NGX recognises the importance of a well-developed derivatives market, and we have worked hard to put the right regulatory and technology framework in place to support the launch of a standardised ETDs market.
“Our efforts will be further supported by NG Clearing, the best in class CCP and Clearing House. These are indeed exciting times for the Nigerian capital market and I am excited about the prospect of deepening Africa’s position in the global financial market with the imminent launch of ETDs.”
Reports from NGX have shown that upon the introduction of ETDs in the market, index futures will be rolled out in the first year, while other products will follow as the market evolves in line with market readiness and demand.
It would be recalled that NGX recently received approval for seven derivatives contracts from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) including the Access Bank Plc Stock Futures, Dangote Cement Plc Stock Futures, Guaranty Trust Bank Plc Stock Futures, MTN Nigeria Communications Plc Stock Futures, Zenith Bank Plc Stock Futures, NGX 30 Index Futures and NGX Pension Index Futures.
Ultimately, the derivatives market is expected to complement existing cash markets and provide investors and other market players with the necessary tools for tactical asset allocation, risk management and cost management for effective portfolio management. It will, therefore, be interesting to see how the market responds once ETDs are introduced in the near term.
Achieve Greater Control of Your Assets with a Living Trust
Estate Planning is more about gaining control of your assets while you are alive than about one’s passing. A Living Trust (an Estate Planning tool) is one way by which individuals maintain control over their assets whilst alive and also have their wishes carried out when they pass on. It is called a Living Trust because it takes effect during the lifetime of the individual who set it up.
Indeed, the power of a Trust is in the control. A Trust left for a beneficiary will be held and managed by a Trust organisation and the assets could then be distributed to the beneficiary in a predetermined way.
The design of the Trust will ensure that other interested parties are unable to change the instruction of the creator of the Trust. With this arrangement, you are able to achieve greater control over what happens to your assets, providing greater security for the beneficiaries of the Trust.
A Trust also allows you to control how the assets in the Trust are managed, ensuring that only those that you specify can stake a claim to them.
A Living Trust can be revocable or irrevocable. A Revocable Trust can be revoked or amended, but an Irrevocable Trust cannot be changed once it is executed. The assets placed into a properly drafted Irrevocable Trust are permanently removed from the Estate of the individual. They are therefore not considered part of the Estate and will not be subject to estate taxes in the event of the creator’s demise.
In addition to estate tax savings, a Living Trust can offer you tremendous flexibility and efficiency. It can hold the money for your minor children until they are responsible enough to manage the money themselves. If you cannot trust your children or any other beneficiary with the responsibility of managing your assets after your demise, the Trust can address this concern. The trustee can do so by holding the assets in trust for the Settlor’s lifetime and only distribute it to the beneficiary as stated in the Trust.
Placing your assets in the Trust during your lifetime instead of a Will also helps you avoid probate. A Will that is probated as well as other information relating to the assets listed in the Will becomes a public record when you pass on. In contrast, a Living Trust is a private document and the assets listed in it will not be exposed to the general public.
The added benefit of a Living Trust is its usefulness during your lifetime in the event that you become incapacitated. You can arrange for a Trustee to manage the Trust assets on your behalf in the event that you are unable to make decisions for yourself.
Does a Living Trust sound like a good fit for you to gain control of your assets while preparing to gift these assets to a beneficiary? If so, consider reaching out to FBNQuest Trustees. We can help you create a Living Trust agreement that outlines how the Trust assets are to be managed and distributed.
Our team will also walk you through the process of transferring assets to the Trust. The process may take less time than you think.
C&I Leasing Drops Centurion Registrars Limited
By Aduragbemi Omiyale
Centurion Registrars Limited has been dropped as the registrar of C&I Leasing Plc, a statement from the company has confirmed.
Centurion Registrars was replaced by C&I Leasing with Cordros Registrars Limited, a notice signed by the company secretary, Mbanugo Udenze & Co, stated.
It was disclosed that the appointment of the new registrar became effective from January 1, 2022.
“C&I Leasing Plc hereby notifies Nigerian Exchange Limited (NGX), its shareholders and the investing public of the appointment of Cordros Registrars Limited as its Registrars, share registration and data management service provider.
“Cordros Registrars Limited replaces Centurion Registrars Limited and takes over the register of members of C & I Leasing Plc effective January 1, 2022,” the disclosure stated.
C&I Leasing is one of the companies trading its shares on the Nigerian stock exchange. It provides both operating and finance leases and other services.
Its principal activities include the extension of structured operating and finance leases to the productive and other sectors of the economy.
The company was established in 1990 as a private organisation but was converted into a public company listed at the Nigerian stock exchange in 1997.
The Ghanaian subsidiary of the group; Leasafric Ghana Plc is the largest provider of fleet management services in Ghana.
The fleet management, which is managed along with the Hertz car rental franchise in Nigeria, is adequately supported by C&I leasing’s own service centre and their Citracks Telematics solutions making the fleet management business a one-stop brand for fleet management services.
Over the weekend, in a chat with newsmen, its chief executive, Mr Ugoji Ugoji, said the firm was planning to explore opportunities in the digital space to grow its revenue on a sustainable basis despite the pandemic.
He also stated that C&I Leasing will retool its fleet business and focus on vehicle fleets due to increased opportunity in the space.
Nigeria’s December 2021 Inflation Jumps to 15.63%
By Dipo Olowookere
For the first time in nine months, the inflation rate in Nigeria increased to 15.63 per cent year-on-year in December 2021, data released by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) on Monday stated.
In the previous eight months, the inflation rate in Nigeria had slowed, declining to 15.40 per cent in November 2021, according to the stats office.
In the report released today, the NBS said when compared with the corresponding period of 2020, inflation, which is a measure of the consumer price index (CPI), moderated by 0.13 per cent as it stood at 15.75 per cent a year ago.
The stats office further disclosed that increases were recorded in all COICOP divisions that yielded the headline index and on a month-on-month basis, it rose by 1.82 per cent last month, 0.74 per cent higher than the 1.08 per cent recorded in November 2021.
In addition, the percentage change in the average composite CPI for the 12-month period ending December 2021 increased by 16.95 per cent from 16.98 per cent over the average of the CPI for the previous 12-month period recorded in November 2021 down by 0.03 per cent points.
As for urban inflation, it increased by 16.17 per cent (year-on-year) in December 2021 from 16.33 per cent in December 2020, while rural inflation jumped by 15.11 per cent in December 2021 from 15.20 per cent in December 2020.
On a month-on-month basis, the urban index rose by 1.87 per cent in December 2021, up by 0.75 the rate recorded in November 2021, which stood at 1.12 per cent, while the rural index also rose by 1.77 per cent in December 2021, up by 0.73 the rate that was recorded in November 2021, which was 1.04 per cent.
Business Post reports that in the period under review, the composite food sub-index rose by 17.37 per cent compared with 19.56 per cent a year ago, indicating a decline by 2.19 per cent.
The NBS attributed this to moderation in the prices of bread and cereals, food product, meat, fish, potatoes, yam and other tuber, soft drinks and fruit.
On a month-on-month basis, the food sub-index increased by 2.19 per cent in December 2021, up by 1.12
Per cent from 1.07 per cent recorded in November 2021.
It said the average annual rate of change of the food sub-index for the 12-month period ending December 2021 over the previous twelve-month average was 20.40 per cent, 0.22 per cent lower than the average annual rate of change recorded in November 2021, which stood at 20.62 per cent.
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