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Economy

Fixed Income, Currencies Markets Transactions Drop 7.6% in 2020

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By Adedapo Adesanya

The Fixed Income and Currencies (FIC) markets recorded a total transaction turnover of N215.1 trillion in 2020, a year-on-year decline of 7.6 per cent compared with N232.7 trillion recorded in 2019.

This was disclosed in the latest FMDQ Exchange’s FIC Monthly Report for December 2020, which indicated that the period ended December 31, 2020, total contribution was N19.9 trillion, representing a Month-on-Month (M-o-M) increase of 35.3 per cent and YoY 20.9 per cent respectively.

It was explained that Foreign Exchange (FX) and Money Market transactions were the highest contributors to the FIC markets in December 2020, jointly accounting for 59.2 per cent of the total FIC market turnover, while OMO Bills and Money Market transactions accounted for the majority of turnover in 2020, jointly contributing 50.5 per cent to total turnover.

Giving a further breakdown, the turnover indicated that FX market turnover in December 2020 stood at $19.72 billion (N7.79 trillion), representing a m-o-m increase of 81.3 per cent ($8.84billion) from the turnover recorded in November 2020 – $10.88 billion (N4.21 trillion).

This was majorly driven by increased FX intervention sales by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) to Dealing Member Banks to reduce the build-up of unmet clients’ FX demand in December 2020.

Analysis of the growth in FX market turnover indicated that FX Spot and FX Derivatives turnover increased m-o-m by 60 per cent ($2.55 billion) and 94.9 per cent ($6.29 billion) respectively in December 2020, with 71.2 per cent of the increase in turnover driven by the turnover growth in FX Derivatives.

In the Over-the-Counter (OTC) FX Futures market, the FMDQ report stated that near month contract (NGUS DEC 30 2020) recorded a total outstanding notional value (NV) of $2.2 billion matured and was settled, while a new long-term (60-month or 60M) contract, NGUS DEC 31 2025 was introduced at a Futures price of N608.10/$1, representing 3.24 per cent ($/N19.07) m-o-m increase in the futures price, compared to the offer rate (N589.03/$1) of the previous 60M contract (NGUS NOV 26 2025).

The total notional value of open OTC FX Futures contracts as at December 31, 2020, stood at $8.09 billion, representing a further decrease of 9.5 per cent ($0.85 billion) from its value as at November 30, 2020 ($8.94 billion), and continuing its downward the trend since May 2020.

The average CBN Official Spot Naira/US Dollar exchange rate remained constant at N379/$1 in December 2020.

Conversely, the Naira depreciated against the US Dollar at the Investors’ and Exporters’ (I&E) FX Window, losing 2.07 per cent (N8.01/$1) to close at an average of N394.92/$1 in December 2020 from N386.91/$1 recorded in November 2020.

Also, the Naira depreciated against the US Dollar in the parallel market, losing 0.17 per cent (N 0.81/$1) to close at an average of N476.05/$1 in December 2020 from N475.24/$1 recorded in November 2020.

However the average spread between the exchange rates in the formal (I&E FX Window) and unregulated (parallel) FX markets reduced by 8.2 per cent to N81.13/$1 in December 2020, from N88.33/$1 in November 2020 due to the higher depreciation of the Naira in the I&E FX Window.

Consequently, the primary markets, average discount rates for the 91-day, 182-day and 364-day Treasury bills increased m-o-m by an average of 0.68 percentage points (ppts), to close at a range of 0.03 per cent – 1.85 per cent in December 2020, while the discount rates for CBN OMO bills decreased m-o-m by an average of 1.01 ppts to close at a range of 1.78 per cent – 6.07 per cent in December 2020.

Similarly, the coupon rates of the 15Y and 25Y FGN Bond issuances increased by an average of 1.58 ppts to close at a range of 6.95 per cent – 7.00 per cent in December 2020.

Meanwhile, the total value of T-bills and OMO bills outstanding as at December 31, 2020, remained constant m-o-m at N2.72trillion and N5.37 trillion respectively, whilst the total value of FGN Bonds outstanding as at December 31, 2020, increased M-o-M by 0.28 per cent (0.03 trillion) to N10.70 trillion from N10.67 trillion recorded as at November 30, 2020.

Adedapo Adesanya is a journalist, polymath, and connoisseur of everything art. When he is not writing, he has his nose buried in one of the many books or articles he has bookmarked or simply listening to good music with a bottle of beer or wine. He supports the greatest club in the world, Manchester United F.C.

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Economy

Introduction of Capital Gains Tax Could Discourage Investors—Popoola

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capital gains tax

By Aduragbemi Omiyale

As part of efforts to raise more funds for the provision of critical infrastructure in the country, the federal government recently introduced the capital gains tax.

This was embedded in the 2021 Finance Act and it required the payment of capital gains tax on transactions worth over N100 million.

The chief executive of the Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Limited, Mr Temi Popoola, applauded this initiative of the government but warned that it could discourage investors, especially the high net-worth individuals (HNIs) and institutional investors, who carried out such heavy deals.

Mr Popoola, who spoke a few months ago at the Nigerian Economic Summit Group (NESG) Fiscal Policy Roundtable, called for a balance.

He admitted that the capital gains tax is in line with the government’s drive towards an increased tax bracket but was only worried about the adverse effect the laudable policy could have on the economy in the long run.

However, Mr Popoola commended the economic policy direction of the administration of President Muhammadu Buhari, noting that it was an indication of the government’s commitment to driving non-oil revenues into the country.

The NGX chief said the tenets of the 2021 Finance Act brought a lot more clarity on investment such as the Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT), Capital Gain Tax (CGT) and securities lending transactions.

According to him, investing in real estate investment brings a lot of potential gains and “if you look at our market today, all our assets class has helped to boost investors’ confidence.”

He stated that the Finance Act will boost the capital market and the economy, reiterating NGX’s commitment to adhering to government policy and driving growth in the capital market.

However, he further stressed that the introduction of excise taxes on non-alcoholic beverages and the education tax could also affect the economy.

According to him, these taxes could hamper the ability of companies affected by these developments to raise capital and pay dividends to investors because the policies are coming at a time the economy was undergoing a recovery.

Business Post reports that the event, which precisely took place in March 2022, was put together by NESG to access the impact of the 2021 Finance Act on the economy.

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Economy

Inflation in Nigeria Jumps to 16.82% in April 2022

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inflation rate Nigeria

By Aduragbemi Omiyale

The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) on Tuesday disclosed that inflation in Nigeria increased by 16.82 per cent in April 2022 from the 15.92 per cent recorded in March 2022.

However, on a year-on-year basis, the rate moderated by 1.3 per cent as inflation was 18.12 per cent in the corresponding month of 2021.

The NBS disclosed that the percentage change in the average composite consumer price index (CPI) for the 12 months period ending April 2022 over the average of the CPI for the previous 12 months period was 16.45 per cent, 0.1 per cent lower than the 16.54 per cent recorded in March 2022.

It also stated that in the month under review, the urban inflation rate increased to 17.35 per cent (year-on-year) in April 2022 from 18.68 per cent recorded in April 2021, while the rural inflation rate increased to 16.32 per cent in April 2022 from 17.57 per cent in April 2021.

On a month-on-month basis, the urban index rose to 1.78 per cent in April 2022, up by 0.02 from the rate recorded in March 2022 at 1.76 per cent, while the rural index also rose to 1.74 per cent in April 2022, up by 0.01 from the rate that was recorded in March 2022 at 1.73 per cent.

The corresponding 12-month year-on-year average percentage change for the urban index is 17.01 per cent in April 2022, lower than 17.10 per cent reported in March 2022, while the corresponding rural inflation rate in April 2022 is 15.91 per cent compared to 16.00 per cent recorded in March 2022.

In the report, the stats agency said in April 2022, the composite food index rose by 18.37 per cent in contrast to the 22.72 per cent achieved in April 2021, attributing the increase to a hike in the prices of bread and cereals, food products n.e.c, potatoes, yam, and other tubers, wine, fish, meat, and oils.

On a month-on-month basis, the food sub-index increased to 2.00 per cent in April 2022, up by 0.01 per cent points from 1.99 per cent recorded in March 2022, the report added.

It was further stated that the average annual rate of change of the food sub-index for the 12-month period ending April 2022 over the previous 12-month average is 18.88 per cent, 0.34 per cent points from the average annual rate of change recorded in March 2022 at 19.21 per cent.

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Economy

OTC Securities Exchange Closes 0.02% Lower

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NASD OTC Securities Exchange

By Adedapo Adesanya

The NASD Over-the-Counter (OTC) Securities Exchange closed marginally lower by 0.02 per cent on Monday on the back of a price depreciation in Central Securities Clearing Systems (CSCS) Plc.

The stock, which was the only price loser yesterday, went down by 5 kobo or 0.29 per cent to sell at N16.95 per unit compared to the previous session’s N17.00 per unit.

At the close of transactions, it reduced the market capitalisation of the OTC securities exchange by N250 million to N1.05 trillion from N1.06 trillion and sliced the NASD Unlisted Securities Index (NSI) by 0.19 points to 807.56 points from 807.75 points.

Business Post observed that the level of activity during the session was low as the volume of securities recorded a decline of 99.8 per cent to 61,131 units from 7.5 million units, the value of trades also depreciated by 99.8 per cent to N4.6 million from N2.2 billion, while the number of deals remained unchanged at 11 deals.

AG Mortgage Bank Plc closed the session as the most traded stock by volume (year-to-date) with 2.3 billion units worth N1.2 billion, CSCS Plc was in second place with 661.6 million units worth N13.9 billion, while Food Concepts Plc held the third position with 94 million units worth N77.8 million.

But the most active stock by value (year-to-date) was CSCS Plc with 661.6 million units valued at N13.9 billion, VFD Group followed with 9.4 million units valued at N2.9 billion, and AG Mortgage Bank Plc with 2.3 billion units valued at N1.2 billion.

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