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Economy

Liquid Government Bonds Market Can Spur Economic Growth—SEC

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liquid government bonds market

By Aduragbemi Omiyale

The need for the development of a liquid government bonds market has been emphasised by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

The Director-General of SEC, Mr Lamido Yuguda, while speaking at the 2022 conference of the Capital Market Correspondents Association of Nigeria (CAMCAN), stated that this would have a positive effect on the economy.

Mr Yuguda, represented by the Executive Commissioner of Operations of the agency, Mr Dayo Obisan, disclosed that a liquid government bonds market implies that there is a sufficient offering of government bonds across a range of maturities, which is key to the construction of the benchmark yield curve (which is important for the establishment of the market-based risk-free interest rate used in equity pricing).

He further stated that the synergistic relationship between the government bonds and equity markets had been observed in several East Asian economies, which experienced a surge in private investment and equity market capitalisation following the establishment of a liquid debt securities market.

“At the same time, an increase in government expenditure funded by debt crowds out private investment, which in turn adversely affects aggregate expenditure and, consequently, economic growth with implications for the capital market.

“In addition, an underdeveloped capital market will affect institutional investors negatively, restraining the amount and maturity of funding available to the government locally,” the DG said at the programme tagged Nigeria’s Public Debt and the Capital Market.

At the event held in Lagos over the weekend, Mr Yuguda stated that as the apex regulator of the capital market, SEC is committed to creating an enabling and facilitative oversight and regulatory framework supportive of the deepening and development of the Nigerian capital market.

“As you are aware, the Minister of Finance, Budget and National Planning, Mrs Zainab Ahmed, launched and unveiled the revised Nigerian Capital Market Master Plan 2021-2025.

“The updated master plan underscores the commission’s commitment to deepening and repositioning the financial market as a key anchor of our economy.

“The Master Plan, which represents collective aspirations of the capital market community, is focused on driving initiatives geared towards growing and deepening the Market with the ultimate goal of accelerating the emergence of our Country into the top 20 global economies by the year 2025,” he stated.

He disclosed that the capital market is more resilient and is on a steady growth trajectory, adding that capital market correspondents have contributed to the development of the market and expressed delight at their partnership with the agency in this noble task of developing and deepening the capital market.

According to him, the reporters have taken on an increasingly important role of communicating to the public some of the commission’s initiatives aimed at developing the market, noting that SEC is committed to supporting efforts aimed at addressing financial literacy and empowerment gaps within society.

“There is no doubt in my mind that, the capital market presents a good platform for addressing many of Nigeria’s economic challenges.

“On our part as regulators, we shall continue to introduce new ideas and policies towards developing and regulating a capital market that is dynamic, fair, transparent and efficient to contribute to the nation’s economic development.

“We will also continue to fulfil its mandate of protecting investors and creating an enabling environment for market operators.

“Policymakers and practitioners alike are keen to understand the complex nexus between the public debt market and the Nigerian capital market,” he added.

In her remarks, the chairman of CAMCAN, Mrs Chinyere Joel-Nwokeoma, said that the annual workshop was part of the association’s contributions to the development and growth of the nation’s economy by bringing regulators, operators and company executives to discuss economic issues that affect the market in particular and the economy in general.

She said that the theme was picked because of concerns in different quarters concerning the nation’s rising total debt stock, which stood at N42.80 trillion as of June 2022.

Modupe Gbadeyanka is a fast-rising journalist with Business Post Nigeria. Her passion for journalism is amazing. She is willing to learn more with a view to becoming one of the best pen-pushers in Nigeria. Her role models are the duo of CNN's Richard Quest and Christiane Amanpour.

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Economy

Rights And Duties Of The Employer In Nigeria

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Duties of the Employer

By Benita Ayo

In recent times, we have witnessed unprecedented changes to the existing principles of the common law relating to the employer. An employer is a person or an individual or an organisation in the government, private, nonprofit or business sector that hires and pays people for their work.

The Chief Statutory Provision regulating employment relationships in Nigeria is the Nigerian Labour Act. Now, contained in the Labour Act is a body of Rights and duties which an employer is both entitled to and owes his employees.

Rights of the Employer

The rights of the employer include;

  • Right to hire
  • Right to fire

Duties of the Employer

A duty is an obligation owed by one person to another. The employer’s duties to his employees include the following;

  • Duty to provide work
  • Duty to pay agreed wages
  • Duty to take care of Employee’s safety
  • Duty to Indemnify the Employee
  • Duty to conduct medical exams of employees to ensure that they are fit for work
  • Duty to provide a written contract of Employment

Consequences of Failure to perform his Duties

Where an employer fails to perform his duties as required by the Law, the employer becomes liable and can be sued by the employee for remedy.

The appropriate court having jurisdiction over labour-related disputes in Nigeria is the National Industrial Court.

You may contact me via the under-listed channels for further consultations on the following services;

  • Employment grievance counselling/settlement Negotiations
  • Employment Contract drafting/Review/Advisory
  • Legal Representations (Court Appearances)
  • Any other Employment related matters

WhatsApp: +2348063775768

Email: jaybella120@gmail.com

Benita Ayo is a Seasoned Corporate Commercial Counsel with over 9 years post-call experience. She has handled myriads of briefs in Corporate/Commercial, Employment Law as well as Property Transactional Practice

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Economy

Domestic Bourse Rebounds by 0.23% Amid Low Turnover

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By Dipo Olowookere

The Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Limited appreciated by 0.23 per cent on Wednesday after it closed in the red territory in the preceding trading session.

The 0.94 per cent, 0.39 per cent, and 0.04 per cent gains posted by the industrial goods, the banking and the insurance sectors, respectively, supported the growth recorded by the domestic bourse in the midweek session.

They helped to offset the 0.14 per cent loss printed by the consumer goods counter as the energy space closed flat.

At the close of business, the All-Share Index (ASI) was up by 127.29 points to 54,427.05 points from 54,299.76 points, as the market capitalisation grew by N69 billion to N29.645 trillion from N29.576 trillion.

The turnover for yesterday’s trading session was low as investors transacted 151.6 million stocks worth N1.8 billion in 2,974 deals compared with 200.0 million stocks worth N7.6 billion traded in 4,380 deals on Tuesday, indicating a decline in the trading volume, value and the number of deals by 24.20 per cent, 76.32 per cent, and 32.10 per cent apiece.

Universal Insurance ended the day as the most active stock after it traded 20.0 million, followed by Transcorp, which exchanged 18.7 million units, GTCO with 17.0 million units, Sterling Bank with 15.6 million units, and UBA with 7.7 million units.

Business Post reports that investor sentiment was weak yesterday after the stock exchange closed with 23 price losers and 11 price gainers, indicating a negative market breadth.

Tripple Gee gained 9.52 per cent to sell at N1.15, International Energy Insurance rose by 9.40 per cent to N1.28, Japaul grew by 3.45 per cent to 30 Kobo, Axa Mansard increased by 2.50 per cent to N2.05, and Africa Prudential improved by 2.46 per cent to N6.25.

On the flip side, Trans Nationwide Express lost 9.76 per cent to trade at 74 Kobo, Transcorp fell by 7.35 per cent to N1.26, Courteville depreciated by 6.00 per cent to 47 Kobo, Prestige Assurance lost 4.76 per cent to finish at 40 Kobo, and UPDC REIT shrank by 4.41 per cent to N3.25.

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Economy

How to Start and Grow Your Forex Business

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your forex business

Starting a forex business is just as difficult and time-consuming as starting any other type of business. You need to decide on what you will provide, how you will make money, register your business, and everything in between.

While it can be difficult and take anything from a couple of months to a few years to start, there are some key points you need to figure out as quickly as you can to ensure a smooth start and consistent growth.

Solo Trading

The first thing you will need to do is become a master of trading and strategy building. The best way to do this is to start looking at trading as a job. You need to know everything you possibly can about currencies, your chosen trading platform, etc., if you are going to turn this into a business.

Using your own money to trade and test strategies is the best way to figure out your strengths, as well as a way to find out the best product you can provide.

Share Strategies & Knowledge Online

The next thing you need to do is to create an online presence. This can be done with social media, YouTube videos, and a website. The goal is to build a name for yourself as an authority in the forex space.

At this point, you most likely won’t be able to monetize what you are sharing, but the exposure you gain, especially if you are offering something successful and unique, will be invaluable later on.

This can also be a way to see if forex social media can be a business by itself. Considering how big social media is and how much money brands will pay to be featured, being a forex social media influencer can be right up your alley.

your forex business1

Capital

Depending on how big or small you want your business to be at the start will decide how much initial capital you need. At the very least, you will probably want a new computer, extra monitors, subscriptions, etc., in the beginning.

Once you have begun doing business and have some clients and work under your belt, that’s when you can begin planning to move into an office space or something similar.

What Will You Offer?

One of the most crucial steps in this process is deciding on what you will be offering. Are you a developer wanting to start a trading platform, do you code trading bots, or are you someone looking to share their knowledge through online courses?

This is a vital step as it will decide how you will market your product, where you will sell it, and who your target audience is.

How Will You Make Money?

Once you have your product, you need to decide how you are going to make money from it. There are a couple of ways to go about this; you can choose to sell your product as a once-purchase, or you can sell it as a subscription.

It is important to note that two things may seem very different, but the way you can sell them is the same. Both courses and a trading bot, for example, can be sold on a monthly subscription basis.

Business Registration

Once you have reached the stage where you are ready to go, you will need to go about registering your business. This will differ depending on where you are; therefore, it is imperative that you do the necessary research.

Even if you are still a small, one-person operation, the sooner you register your business, the sooner you can be entitled to business loans, hire employees, and everything else you will need to expand.

your forex business2

Employees

Speaking of employees, once you have grown your client base and the work is flowing in, there will come a time when you won’t be able to do everything yourself. While there is certainly no need to hire a full team, there are ways to receive the extra help you need.

Hiring people on a freelance basis will give you the extra hands you need when you need them, but when business is slower, you aren’t paying out money without that cash coming back into the business. While this isn’t a permanent solution, it is a great strategy for start-up businesses.

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