By Adedapo Adesanya
The unregulated segment of the foreign exchange (forex) market reacted to the decision of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) to discontinue the sale of FX to Bureaux De Change (BDC) operators from Tuesday.
At the end of its two-day Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) meeting in Abuja yesterday, the CBN Governor, Mr Godwin Emefiele, surprisingly announced this action.
This put pressure on the Naira as fresh worries about the disruption of supplies to the market weighed in, causing the Nigerian currency to depreciate against the US Dollar at the black market by N1 to N505/$1 compared with the previous day’s N504/$1.
When a similar action was carried out five years ago, the Naira faced a huge depreciation and this move by the lender has heightened the possibility of history repeating itself.
According to Mr Emefiele, the central bank would only supply forex to banks henceforth, a decision that only balances the supply side and could see demand pressure push the exchange rate higher. This is because many will have to shift to other unregulated channels to source for forex.
Analysts had predicted that this scenario will play out for a while until the apex bank is able to normalise the situation through regular FX liquidity to the official channels it wants customers to access the hard currencies.
At the same parallel market yesterday, the local currency, however, remained flat against the Pound Sterling and the Euro, trading at N703/£1 and N592/€1 respectively.
A look at the Investors and Exchange (I&E) window showed that the Naira also depreciated against the greenback by 17 kobo or 0.04 per cent to sell for N411.67/$1 in contrast to the preceding session’s N411.50/$1.
Though the turnover remained slightly high, the value of transactions during the session depreciated by 17.1 per cent or $23.82 million to $115.67 million from $139.49 million recorded on Monday.
But at the interbank segment of the market, which is the official exchange rate window for the country, the value of the Naira to the Dollar remained flat at N410.16/$1 at the close of business on Tuesday.
As for the digital currency market, investors are beginning to show confidence in the assets as four of the seven tokens tracked by Business Post closed positive.
This followed the positive comments by an influential investor, Mr Elon Musk of Tesla, about one of the cryptocurrencies, Bitcoin (BTC), which gained 8.5 per cent during the session to trade at N20,212,265.85.
Ripple (XRP) appreciated by 3.2 per cent to trade at N324.99, Dash (DASH) went up by 2.3 per cent to sell at N76,000.00, while Tron (TRX) improved by 0.9 per cent to N30.52.
On the flip side, Ethereum (ETH) went down by 2.5 per cent to close at N1,136,380.00, Litecoin (LTC) dropped 0.9 per cent to trade at N67,438.98, while the US Dollar Tether (USDT) slumped by 0.7 per cent to N513.99.
Introduction of Capital Gains Tax Could Discourage Investors—Popoola
By Aduragbemi Omiyale
As part of efforts to raise more funds for the provision of critical infrastructure in the country, the federal government recently introduced the capital gains tax.
This was embedded in the 2021 Finance Act and it required the payment of capital gains tax on transactions worth over N100 million.
The chief executive of the Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Limited, Mr Temi Popoola, applauded this initiative of the government but warned that it could discourage investors, especially the high net-worth individuals (HNIs) and institutional investors, who carried out such heavy deals.
Mr Popoola, who spoke a few months ago at the Nigerian Economic Summit Group (NESG) Fiscal Policy Roundtable, called for a balance.
He admitted that the capital gains tax is in line with the government’s drive towards an increased tax bracket but was only worried about the adverse effect the laudable policy could have on the economy in the long run.
However, Mr Popoola commended the economic policy direction of the administration of President Muhammadu Buhari, noting that it was an indication of the government’s commitment to driving non-oil revenues into the country.
The NGX chief said the tenets of the 2021 Finance Act brought a lot more clarity on investment such as the Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT), Capital Gain Tax (CGT) and securities lending transactions.
According to him, investing in real estate investment brings a lot of potential gains and “if you look at our market today, all our assets class has helped to boost investors’ confidence.”
He stated that the Finance Act will boost the capital market and the economy, reiterating NGX’s commitment to adhering to government policy and driving growth in the capital market.
However, he further stressed that the introduction of excise taxes on non-alcoholic beverages and the education tax could also affect the economy.
According to him, these taxes could hamper the ability of companies affected by these developments to raise capital and pay dividends to investors because the policies are coming at a time the economy was undergoing a recovery.
Business Post reports that the event, which precisely took place in March 2022, was put together by NESG to access the impact of the 2021 Finance Act on the economy.
Inflation in Nigeria Jumps to 16.82% in April 2022
By Aduragbemi Omiyale
The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) on Tuesday disclosed that inflation in Nigeria increased by 16.82 per cent in April 2022 from the 15.92 per cent recorded in March 2022.
However, on a year-on-year basis, the rate moderated by 1.3 per cent as inflation was 18.12 per cent in the corresponding month of 2021.
The NBS disclosed that the percentage change in the average composite consumer price index (CPI) for the 12 months period ending April 2022 over the average of the CPI for the previous 12 months period was 16.45 per cent, 0.1 per cent lower than the 16.54 per cent recorded in March 2022.
It also stated that in the month under review, the urban inflation rate increased to 17.35 per cent (year-on-year) in April 2022 from 18.68 per cent recorded in April 2021, while the rural inflation rate increased to 16.32 per cent in April 2022 from 17.57 per cent in April 2021.
On a month-on-month basis, the urban index rose to 1.78 per cent in April 2022, up by 0.02 from the rate recorded in March 2022 at 1.76 per cent, while the rural index also rose to 1.74 per cent in April 2022, up by 0.01 from the rate that was recorded in March 2022 at 1.73 per cent.
The corresponding 12-month year-on-year average percentage change for the urban index is 17.01 per cent in April 2022, lower than 17.10 per cent reported in March 2022, while the corresponding rural inflation rate in April 2022 is 15.91 per cent compared to 16.00 per cent recorded in March 2022.
In the report, the stats agency said in April 2022, the composite food index rose by 18.37 per cent in contrast to the 22.72 per cent achieved in April 2021, attributing the increase to a hike in the prices of bread and cereals, food products n.e.c, potatoes, yam, and other tubers, wine, fish, meat, and oils.
On a month-on-month basis, the food sub-index increased to 2.00 per cent in April 2022, up by 0.01 per cent points from 1.99 per cent recorded in March 2022, the report added.
It was further stated that the average annual rate of change of the food sub-index for the 12-month period ending April 2022 over the previous 12-month average is 18.88 per cent, 0.34 per cent points from the average annual rate of change recorded in March 2022 at 19.21 per cent.
OTC Securities Exchange Closes 0.02% Lower
By Adedapo Adesanya
The NASD Over-the-Counter (OTC) Securities Exchange closed marginally lower by 0.02 per cent on Monday on the back of a price depreciation in Central Securities Clearing Systems (CSCS) Plc.
The stock, which was the only price loser yesterday, went down by 5 kobo or 0.29 per cent to sell at N16.95 per unit compared to the previous session’s N17.00 per unit.
At the close of transactions, it reduced the market capitalisation of the OTC securities exchange by N250 million to N1.05 trillion from N1.06 trillion and sliced the NASD Unlisted Securities Index (NSI) by 0.19 points to 807.56 points from 807.75 points.
Business Post observed that the level of activity during the session was low as the volume of securities recorded a decline of 99.8 per cent to 61,131 units from 7.5 million units, the value of trades also depreciated by 99.8 per cent to N4.6 million from N2.2 billion, while the number of deals remained unchanged at 11 deals.
AG Mortgage Bank Plc closed the session as the most traded stock by volume (year-to-date) with 2.3 billion units worth N1.2 billion, CSCS Plc was in second place with 661.6 million units worth N13.9 billion, while Food Concepts Plc held the third position with 94 million units worth N77.8 million.
But the most active stock by value (year-to-date) was CSCS Plc with 661.6 million units valued at N13.9 billion, VFD Group followed with 9.4 million units valued at N2.9 billion, and AG Mortgage Bank Plc with 2.3 billion units valued at N1.2 billion.
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