By Modupe Gbadeyanka
First Vice President of the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE), Mr Abimbola Ogunbanjo, has expressed optimism that the expected introduction of Exchange Traded Derivatives (ETD) market in Nigeria will “eventually develop into a robust market place that can support our growth ambitions as a nation, using South Africa as an example of Africa’s first derivatives market.”
Mr Ogunbanjo, in his address on Monday at a lecture organised by the NSE in Lagos, stated that the South African derivatives market has grown rapidly in recent years to support capital inflows and help market participants to price, unbundle and transfer risk.
The NSE top shot noted that in main Europe and America, the derivatives market has grown impressively around 24 percent per year in the last decade into a sizeable and truly global market with about €457 trillion of notional amount outstanding in 2014.
The Exchange is planning to launch Nigeria’s derivatives market this year and ahead of this, it organised a training programme tagged ‘Legal & Risk Aspects Of Derivatives And Central Counterparty Clearing (CCP) Transactions,’ which took place at the Civic Centre in Lagos.
In his keynote address, the NSE First Vice Chairman agreed that the concept of derivatives remains relatively novel in the Nigerian financial market space and has only been noticeable within the Over-The-Counter (OTC) segment of the market, but maintained that the frontiers of the Nigerian financial market is expected to grow exponentially due to enhanced liquidity arising from the development of new and intricate financial instruments.
He said derivative instruments can either be good or bad depending on the user.
Mr Ogunbanjo explained that if the person using them is a business owner who wants to reduce the risk in a portfolio of stocks in order to increase the odds that his employees will enjoy a comfortable retirement, that’s a good thing.
A flow trader at a major bank could use that same derivative to hide risk in an offshore account in direct violation of the Bank’s Policy and Nigerian securities laws. It’s the intent of the person using it that determines whether a derivative is a tool for good or for evil, he added.
But according to him, “derivatives are simple tools that allow market participants to efficiently manage their risks.”
He described the derivatives market as predominantly a professional wholesale market with individuals, corporations, institutions and governments as its main participants.
“A single derivatives transaction may attract diverse levels of professional financial counterparts across the value chain. There are two competing segments in the derivatives market, being the off-exchange or over-the-counter (OTC) segment and the on-exchange segment (ETDs).
From a customer perspective in Europe, exchange trading is approximately eight times less expensive than OTC trading, hence, it is hoped that the immense opportunity for improved efficiency via the launch of ETDs in Nigeria will mirror their popularity experienced globally, he told participants at the seminar.
He said when fully operational in Nigeria, lawyers would be very busy because they would provide services to broker-dealers, banks, insurance companies, investment advisers, commodity advisers, hedge funds, private equity funds, securities and futures exchanges, clearing houses and pension fund administrators to name a few as well as any commercial enterprise that is the “end user”.
Mr Ogunbanjo assured that more training would be organised by the NSE to enhance Nigeria’s global positioning as a thought leader in the African derivatives space.
Naira Shortage: President Buhari Calls for Calm
By Modupe Gbadeyanka
President Muhammadu Buhari has urged Nigerians to remain calm as they express their anger over the shortage of Naira in the financial system.
Since last week, many citizens of the country have been unable to access their funds in the banks because of a shortage in the supply of the redesigned Naira notes.
This has resulted in a huge crowd at banking premises across the nation, with several persons queuing at Automated Teller Machine (ATM) terminals waiting to withdraw their money with success.
The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) redesigned the N200, N500, and N1,000 denominations last year and said the old notes would no longer be legal tender from January 31, 2023.
However, while many Nigerians approached their banks last Sunday to quickly deposit their funds to beat the deadline, the CBN announced that the deadline had been moved to February 10, 2023.
The next day, while customers attempted to withdraw their funds over the counter, they were informed that the apex bank had directed them (commercial banks) not to honour cash withdrawal requests.
Also, cash withdrawal from ATMs was limited, making it very difficult for businesses to operate, triggering a protest in Ibadan on Friday.
When the demonstration was going on, Governors of the All Progressives Congress (APC) were meeting with President Buhari to persuade him to do something about the Naira scarcity.
After the gathering, he said in a social media post that, “I am aware of the cash shortages and hardship being faced by people and businesses on account of the Naira redesign.
“I want to assure you that we are doing everything to resolve these issues. Nigerians should expect significant improvements between now and the February 10 deadline.
“I met with a delegation of Governors today on the matter. All the complaints about the execution of the currency change are being seriously looked into.
“I will ensure that everything is resolved in a lasting manner, and we will all enjoy the long-term benefits of the decision.”
Local Currency Appreciates at P2P, I&E, Depreciates at Black Market
By Adedapo Adesanya
The local currency appreciated by N2 on the United States Dollar at the Peer-2-Peer (P2P) foreign exchange (FX) window, closing at N760/$1 on Friday, February 3, compared with the previous day’s N762/$1, indicating a form of ease as tensions rose across the country following a cash crunch that has triggered anger and aggression in some states.
President Muhammadu Buhari stepped in on Friday and pleaded with Nigerians to give him seven days to resolve the crisis caused by the scarcity of new Naira notes.
The President said he had seen reports about cash shortages and the effect on local businesses and ordinary people.
In the Investors and Exporters (I&E) segment, the Naira recorded a 50 Kobo or 0.11 per cent upward movement against the US Dollar to trade at N461.50/$1 compared with the preceding day’s N462.00/$1.
The day’s trading data showed that the value of forex transactions during the official market slightly increased by 3.54 per cent or $4.08 million to $119.43 million from the $115.35 million recorded a day before.
But in the black market, the Nigerian currency depreciated against the Dollar by N1 to close at N753/$1, in contrast to Thursday’s exchange rate of N752/$1.
In the interbank window, the domestic currency closed flat against the British Pound Sterling and the Euro on Friday at N568.32/£1 and N507.14/€1, respectively.
At the cryptocurrency market, there was a mixed outcome across the tokens tracked by Business Post as moves by the US Federal Reserve to raise rates by 25 basis points continued to send jittery signals.
Binance Coin (BNB) recorded a 2.8 per cent rise to sell at $329.32, Dogecoin (DOGE) grew by 2.4 per cent to trade at $0.0935, Solana (SOL) appreciated by 1.1 per cent to $24.49, Ethereum (ETH) improved by 0.9 per cent to $1,654.18, Cardano (ADA) recorded a 0.6 per cent addition to quote at $0.4006, while Litecoin (LTC) rose by 0.4 per cent to $99.15.
However, Bitcoin (BTC) declined by 0.7 per cent to trade at $23,356.32, and Ripple (XRP) recorded a 0.2 per cent slump to trade at $0.4092, while Binance USD (BUSD) and the US Dollar Tether (USDT) closed flat at $1.00 each.
Brent Falls Below $80 on Fresh Rate Hike Concerns
By Adedapo Adesanya
Brent fell below $80 per barrel as economic indicators raised fears and concerns about higher interest rates amid Europe’s plans to continue restricting Russia.
The international crude benchmark depreciated by $2.23 or 2.7 per cent to $79.94 a barrel, as the US West Texas Intermediate crude (WTI) pointed south by $2.49 or 3.3 per cent to trade at $73.39 per barrel.
Prices fell to over three-week lows in a volatile session after strong US jobs data raised concerns about higher interest rates and as investors sought more clarity on the imminent EU embargo on Russian refined products.
It was a tough week for the commodity as Brent registered a 7.8 per cent decline this week while WTI dropped 7.9 per cent.
Job growth in the US accelerated sharply in January amid a persistently resilient labour market. However, analysts note that a further moderation in wage gains should give the Federal Reserve some comfort in its fight against inflation.
The strength in hiring, which occurred despite layoffs in the technology sector as well as in sectors like housing and finance that are sensitive to interest rates, doused market expectations that the US central bank was close to pausing its monetary policy tightening cycle.
The US central bank on Wednesday scaled back to a milder rate increase than those over the past year, but policymakers also projected that ongoing increases in borrowing costs would be needed.
Market analysts noted that the increases in interest rates in 2023 are likely to weigh on the US and European economies, boosting fears of an economic slowdown that is highly likely to dent global crude oil demand.
Also, European Union countries agreed to set price caps on Russian refined oil products to limit Moscow’s funds for its invasion of Ukraine.
EU diplomats said the price caps are $100 per barrel on products that trade at a premium to crude, principally diesel, and $45 per barrel for products that trade at a discount, such as fuel oil and naphtha.
Ambassadors for the 27 EU countries agreed on the European Commission proposal, which will apply from Sunday.
The price caps, together with an EU ban on Russian oil product imports, are part of a broader agreement among the Group of Seven (G7) countries.
It follows a $60 per barrel cap on Russian crude that G7 countries imposed on December 5 as the G7, the EU and Australia seek to limit Russia’s ability to fund its war in Ukraine.
Both caps prohibit Western insurance, shipping and other companies from financing, insuring, trading, brokering or carrying cargoes of Russian crude and oil products unless they were bought at or below the set price caps.
The Russian government said the EU embargo on Russia’s refined oil products would lead to a further imbalance in global energy markets.
In US supply, energy firms this week cut the number of oil and natural gas rigs by the most since June 2020, energy services firm Baker Hughes Co said. US oil rigs fell 10 to 599 this week, their lowest since September, while gas rigs dropped by two to 158.
Latest News on Business Post
- Naira Shortage: President Buhari Calls for Calm February 4, 2023
- Local Currency Appreciates at P2P, I&E, Depreciates at Black Market February 4, 2023
- Brent Falls Below $80 on Fresh Rate Hike Concerns February 4, 2023
- ICPC Arrests Bank Manager for Failure to Properly Load Cash into ATMs February 3, 2023
- IGP Orders Arrest, Prosecution of Sellers of Naira February 3, 2023
- EFCC Grills Actress Simi Gold for Spraying New Naira Notes February 3, 2023
- Violent Protest Erupts in Ibadan Over Naira Scarcity February 3, 2023
- APC Governors Beg Buhari to Allow Use of Old, New Naira Notes February 3, 2023
- Oyo Governor Suspends Campaign Activities Over Fuel, Naira Crisis February 3, 2023
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