By Ijezie Ebuka
The day started in Asia with the Indonesian and Philippines Central Banks raising interest rates by 50 basis points. The Norway Central Bank followed by also raising its rate by 50 basis points from 1.75% to 2.25% and said the rate would also be most likely increased again in November as the inflation rate is above its 2% target.
The Bank of England then increased the interest rate by 50 basis points as the UK’s inflation rate in August was 9.9%, way ahead of the bank’s 2% target. The hike was the seventh consecutive increase and the highest since 2008.
The last country in Europe with a negative policy rate, Switzerland also increased the interest rate by 75 basis points, just as the Federal Reserve did for the third consecutive time on Wednesday, September 22.
The Brazilian Central Bank, on the other hand, kept its benchmark unchanged at 13.75% after 12 straight hikes. Another Central bank that kept the rate unchanged is the Bank of Japan. It stuck with a low-interest rate despite a consumer inflation rate of 2.8% in August and said it would keep it that way in the near future to encourage economic recovery. It also confirmed that it would intervene in the foreign exchange market to defend against the fall of the Yen.
The shock of the day was Turkey cutting its interest rate by 100 basis points from 13 to 12% despite an 80% inflation rate in August.
Economists at CitiGroup issued a report on Wednesday that, “The rhetoric and action of major central banks are demonstrating greater resolve to fighting inflation, increasingly willing to sacrifice economic growth to achieve this.”
Persistent inflation around the world means central banks around the world may continue to increase interest rates in the near future.
Next week, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) will meet to decide which way to go. At its last meeting, the benchmark rate was raised from 13% to 14%.
It is always believed that when interest rates are high, the cost of borrowing goes up, forcing consumers to reduce their spending, bringing about a decline in the demand for goods, and resulting in a fall in prices. When the prices of goods go down, inflation eases.
NASD OTC Market Remains in Bearish Territory With 0.01% Loss
By Adedapo Adesanya
The NASD Over-the-counter (OTC) Securities Exchange recorded a 0.01 per cent fall on Friday, September 23, as it dropped for the fourth straight day. This further dampened investors’ confidence.
In the session, the bourse, which admits unlisted securities, recorded the decline following a loss recorded by Food Concepts Plc as the company saw its equity value drop 1 Kobo or 1.1 per cent to sell at 90 Kobo per unit versus the previous day’s 91 Kobo per unit.
As a result, the market capitalisation of the NASD OTC exchange went south by N60 million to close at N952.51 billion compared with Thursday’s N952.57 billion.
Also, the NASD Unlisted Securities Index (NSI) dropped 0.05 points to finish at 723.56 points, in contrast to the preceding session’s 723.61 points.
Friday’s market data revealed that there was a slump in the units of securities exchanged by investors by 4.4 per cent to 60,420 units from the 63,219 units traded a day earlier.
The value of securities traded amounted to N57,125.00, 99.3 per cent lower than the N8.4 million achieved a day earlier, while the number of deals carried out during the session went down by 28.57 per cent to five deals from the seven deals carried out on Thursday.
AG Mortgage Bank Plc finished the session as the most traded stock by volume on a year-to-date basis with the sale of 2.3 billion units worth N1.2 billion, Central Securities Clearing Systems (CSCS) Plc also retained the second spot with the sale of 687.6 million units valued at N14.3 billion, while Mixta Real Estate Plc was in third place for trading 178.1 million units valued at N313.4 million.
Also, CSCS Plc maintained its position as the most active stock by value on a year-to-date basis with a turnover of 687.6 million units valued at N14.3 billion, VFD Group Plc was in second place with 27.7 million units worth N7.4 billion, while FrieslandCampina WAMCO Nigeria Plc retained the third place with the sale of 14.3 million units valued at N1.7 billion.
Naira Crashes to N720/$1 at Black Market, N738/$1 at P2P, Trades N436.33/$1 at I&E
By Adedapo Adesanya
The exchange rate of the Naira to the United States Dollar moved in different directions on Friday, depreciating in the black market and the Peer-to-Peer (P2P) segments of the foreign exchange market and gaining in the Investors and Exporters (I&E) window.
In the P2P category, the local currency declined by N13 against the greenback to sell at N738/$1 compared with the preceding session’s N725/$1, and in the black market, it lost N7 to trade at N720/$1 in contrast to Thursday’s value of N713/$1.
However, in the spot market, the domestic currency appreciated against the American currency by 17 Kobo or 0.04 per cent to close at N436.33/$1 in contrast to the previous day’s N436.50/$1.
Data from the FMDQ Securities Exchange indicated that the turnover for the session increased slightly by $4.37 million or 4.3 per cent to $106.11 million from $101.74 million.
In the interbank segment, the value of the Naira to the Pound Sterling remained unchanged at N487.99/£1 and against the Euro, the local currency also traded flat at N425.66/€1.
In the digital currency market, it was a mixture of ups, downs and flats, with Dogecoin (DOGE) recording an 8.1 per cent rise to trade at $0.0657.
Solana (SOL) appreciated by 6.9 per cent to $34.16, Litecoin (LTC) went up by 4.0 per cent to trade at $54.92, Binance Coin (BNB) recorded a 2.9 per cent rise to sell at $281.86 while Ethereum (ETH) saw its value go up by 1.4 per cent to sell at $1,326.76.
On the other hand, Ripple (XRP) recorded a loss of 1.8 per cent to quote at $0.4939, Bitcoin (BTC) slid by 0.2 per cent to $19,035.94, Cardano (ADA) recorded a 0.1 per cent slide to trade at $0.4599, while the US Dollar Tether (USDT) and Binance USD (BUSD) closed flat at $1.00, respectively.
Equity Market Sheds 0.33% as Investors Sell off BUA Cement, 21 Others
By Dipo Olowookere
Twenty-two stocks ended on the losers’ chart on Friday at the Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Limited, outweighing the 11 equities that finished on the gainers’ log.
The weak investor sentiment further plunged the market into the danger zone by 0.33 per cent at the close of transactions, data from the exchange indicated.
It was observed that the equity market has remained bearish despite the recent gains in banking shares. The sustained sell-offs in the industrial goods space have continued to put the bourse under pressure.
The industrial goods sector depreciated yesterday by 1.61 per cent, the insurance counter lost 0.46 per cent, the energy index declined by 0.46 per cent, while the banking and consumer goods sectors appreciated by 0.85 per cent and 0.10 per cent, respectively.
The All-Share Index (ASI) decreased at the close of business by 163.72 points to 49,026.62 points from 49,190.34 points as the market capitalisation went down by N88 billion to N26.445 trillion from N26.533 trillion.
A total of 169.2 million stocks worth N3.2 billion were transacted on Friday in 3,206 deals compared with the 126.8 million stocks worth N1.8 billion traded in 3,117 deals on Thursday, indicating an improvement in the trading volume, value and number of deals by 33.38 per cent, 79.16 per cent and 2.86 per cent, respectively.
Courteville ended the day as the busiest stock after it transacted 27.7 million units valued at N12.5 million, NGX Group traded 24.5 million units worth N417.4 million, Zenith Bank transacted 20.8 million units worth N416.8 million, Transcorp exchanged 11.2 million units valued at N11.6 million, while Jaiz Bank sold 10.9 million units for N8.7 million.
The worst-performing stock was CWG as its value depleted by 10.00 per cent to 81 Kobo, Berger Paints lost 9.85 per cent to N5.95, Eterna went down by 9.45 per cent to N5.75, Sunu Assurances declined by 8.57 per cent to 32 Kobo, while Chams dropped 6.90 per cent to 27 Kobo.
The best-performing stock yesterday was Vitafoam, which grew by 6.90 per cent to N22.45, followed by RT Briscoe, which appreciated by 6.06 per cent to 35 Kobo. Access Holdings improved by 6.02 per cent to N8.80, Cornerstone Insurance expanded by 3.70 per cent to 56 Kobo, while Fidelity Bank rose by 3.00 per cent to N3.78.
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