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Economy

Why Interest Rate on Savings Deposit Was Cut to 1.25%—CBN

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Savings Deposit

By Dipo Olowookere

On September 1, 2020, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) in a circular signed by its Director of Banking Supervision, Mr Bello Hassan, said the interest rate on savings deposit in banks will be 1.25 per cent.

The rate was chopped to the level from the previous 3.9 per cent and this was greeted with criticisms from various sections, including the Nigerian Economic Summit Group (NESG), which questioned the rationale behind this policy.

The issue generated such reactions because it was at the same time the federal government approved the raising of electricity tariff in the country and a few days later, the pump price of fuel jumped to N160 per litre from N145 per litre.

One of the major reasons for the grumbling was that these policies were coming when residents of the country were just reopening their businesses. They have not been economically active for months because of the closure of their means of survival by the government due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

But the CBN, while reacting to the comments made by NESG, questioned the group’s credibility, especially under its current leadership, saying it “has fallen short of its own standards and become a shadow of its old self.”

The apex bank explained that it reduced the interest rate on savings deposit in the country for the good of the economy, noting that it noticed that some big companies, instead of expanding their operations so as to hire more workers, were putting the funds in the banks to generate more money.

Recently, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) said that over 27 million Nigerians were jobless in the country.

The apex bank said in order to address this unemployment issue, it had to discourage the dumping of funds in the banks to yield interest rather than pumping them into the economy to improve economic activities, which will then make the nation’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) grow positively.

Business Post reports that at the second quarter of 2020, Nigeria recorded a negative GDP growth of 6.1 per cent and this was attributed to the global health crisis, which brought the economy almost to a standstill.

In the CBN’s response to NESG’s allegation of “price fixing” for savings deposit in the country, the banking industry watchdog said in an “ideal economic textbook/theory, saving should be equal to investment, we expected total deposits should closely mirror total loans.”

The central bank, in the response signed by its spokesman, Mr Isaac Okorafor, said it observed “an increasingly large gap between total deposits in the banking system and total credit to the economy” which necessitated the 1.25 per cent interest rate benchmark.

According to the bank, while total deposits stood at about N25 trillion in January 2020, total loans stood at N17 trillion and as of August 2020, the total deposits jumped to N29.7 trillion, while the total loans were only N19 trillion.

“Many rich cooperates have simply been content with saving their cash balances and collecting huge interest payments, rather than expanding their investment, which should lead to hiring more people and producing more goods.

“In other to forestall a continuation of this trend, the CBN had to act to discourage these practices for the good of the economy.

“In other words, the rationale for moving to reduce the saving rates by banks is actually to encourage more lending,” the CBN said in the statement.

Dipo Olowookere is a journalist based in Nigeria that has passion for reporting business news stories. At his leisure time, he watches football and supports 3SC of Ibadan. Mr Olowookere can be reached via dipo.olowookere@businesspost.ng

Economy

Rights And Duties Of The Employer In Nigeria

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Duties of the Employer

By Benita Ayo

In recent times, we have witnessed unprecedented changes to the existing principles of the common law relating to the employer. An employer is a person or an individual or an organisation in the government, private, nonprofit or business sector that hires and pays people for their work.

The Chief Statutory Provision regulating employment relationships in Nigeria is the Nigerian Labour Act. Now, contained in the Labour Act is a body of Rights and duties which an employer is both entitled to and owes his employees.

Rights of the Employer

The rights of the employer include;

  • Right to hire
  • Right to fire

Duties of the Employer

A duty is an obligation owed by one person to another. The employer’s duties to his employees include the following;

  • Duty to provide work
  • Duty to pay agreed wages
  • Duty to take care of Employee’s safety
  • Duty to Indemnify the Employee
  • Duty to conduct medical exams of employees to ensure that they are fit for work
  • Duty to provide a written contract of Employment

Consequences of Failure to perform his Duties

Where an employer fails to perform his duties as required by the Law, the employer becomes liable and can be sued by the employee for remedy.

The appropriate court having jurisdiction over labour-related disputes in Nigeria is the National Industrial Court.

You may contact me via the under-listed channels for further consultations on the following services;

  • Employment grievance counselling/settlement Negotiations
  • Employment Contract drafting/Review/Advisory
  • Legal Representations (Court Appearances)
  • Any other Employment related matters

WhatsApp: +2348063775768

Email: jaybella120@gmail.com

Benita Ayo is a Seasoned Corporate Commercial Counsel with over 9 years post-call experience. She has handled myriads of briefs in Corporate/Commercial, Employment Law as well as Property Transactional Practice

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Economy

Domestic Bourse Rebounds by 0.23% Amid Low Turnover

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domestic bourse

By Dipo Olowookere

The Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Limited appreciated by 0.23 per cent on Wednesday after it closed in the red territory in the preceding trading session.

The 0.94 per cent, 0.39 per cent, and 0.04 per cent gains posted by the industrial goods, the banking and the insurance sectors, respectively, supported the growth recorded by the domestic bourse in the midweek session.

They helped to offset the 0.14 per cent loss printed by the consumer goods counter as the energy space closed flat.

At the close of business, the All-Share Index (ASI) was up by 127.29 points to 54,427.05 points from 54,299.76 points, as the market capitalisation grew by N69 billion to N29.645 trillion from N29.576 trillion.

The turnover for yesterday’s trading session was low as investors transacted 151.6 million stocks worth N1.8 billion in 2,974 deals compared with 200.0 million stocks worth N7.6 billion traded in 4,380 deals on Tuesday, indicating a decline in the trading volume, value and the number of deals by 24.20 per cent, 76.32 per cent, and 32.10 per cent apiece.

Universal Insurance ended the day as the most active stock after it traded 20.0 million, followed by Transcorp, which exchanged 18.7 million units, GTCO with 17.0 million units, Sterling Bank with 15.6 million units, and UBA with 7.7 million units.

Business Post reports that investor sentiment was weak yesterday after the stock exchange closed with 23 price losers and 11 price gainers, indicating a negative market breadth.

Tripple Gee gained 9.52 per cent to sell at N1.15, International Energy Insurance rose by 9.40 per cent to N1.28, Japaul grew by 3.45 per cent to 30 Kobo, Axa Mansard increased by 2.50 per cent to N2.05, and Africa Prudential improved by 2.46 per cent to N6.25.

On the flip side, Trans Nationwide Express lost 9.76 per cent to trade at 74 Kobo, Transcorp fell by 7.35 per cent to N1.26, Courteville depreciated by 6.00 per cent to 47 Kobo, Prestige Assurance lost 4.76 per cent to finish at 40 Kobo, and UPDC REIT shrank by 4.41 per cent to N3.25.

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Economy

How to Start and Grow Your Forex Business

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your forex business

Starting a forex business is just as difficult and time-consuming as starting any other type of business. You need to decide on what you will provide, how you will make money, register your business, and everything in between.

While it can be difficult and take anything from a couple of months to a few years to start, there are some key points you need to figure out as quickly as you can to ensure a smooth start and consistent growth.

Solo Trading

The first thing you will need to do is become a master of trading and strategy building. The best way to do this is to start looking at trading as a job. You need to know everything you possibly can about currencies, your chosen trading platform, etc., if you are going to turn this into a business.

Using your own money to trade and test strategies is the best way to figure out your strengths, as well as a way to find out the best product you can provide.

Share Strategies & Knowledge Online

The next thing you need to do is to create an online presence. This can be done with social media, YouTube videos, and a website. The goal is to build a name for yourself as an authority in the forex space.

At this point, you most likely won’t be able to monetize what you are sharing, but the exposure you gain, especially if you are offering something successful and unique, will be invaluable later on.

This can also be a way to see if forex social media can be a business by itself. Considering how big social media is and how much money brands will pay to be featured, being a forex social media influencer can be right up your alley.

your forex business1

Capital

Depending on how big or small you want your business to be at the start will decide how much initial capital you need. At the very least, you will probably want a new computer, extra monitors, subscriptions, etc., in the beginning.

Once you have begun doing business and have some clients and work under your belt, that’s when you can begin planning to move into an office space or something similar.

What Will You Offer?

One of the most crucial steps in this process is deciding on what you will be offering. Are you a developer wanting to start a trading platform, do you code trading bots, or are you someone looking to share their knowledge through online courses?

This is a vital step as it will decide how you will market your product, where you will sell it, and who your target audience is.

How Will You Make Money?

Once you have your product, you need to decide how you are going to make money from it. There are a couple of ways to go about this; you can choose to sell your product as a once-purchase, or you can sell it as a subscription.

It is important to note that two things may seem very different, but the way you can sell them is the same. Both courses and a trading bot, for example, can be sold on a monthly subscription basis.

Business Registration

Once you have reached the stage where you are ready to go, you will need to go about registering your business. This will differ depending on where you are; therefore, it is imperative that you do the necessary research.

Even if you are still a small, one-person operation, the sooner you register your business, the sooner you can be entitled to business loans, hire employees, and everything else you will need to expand.

your forex business2

Employees

Speaking of employees, once you have grown your client base and the work is flowing in, there will come a time when you won’t be able to do everything yourself. While there is certainly no need to hire a full team, there are ways to receive the extra help you need.

Hiring people on a freelance basis will give you the extra hands you need when you need them, but when business is slower, you aren’t paying out money without that cash coming back into the business. While this isn’t a permanent solution, it is a great strategy for start-up businesses.

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