By Adedapo Adesanya
The federal government has said it will focus more on need-based and demand-driven researches in the country.
It said the programmes will drive science, technology and innovation in a manner that research breakthroughs would seamlessly get commercialised.
The Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI), Mr Ogbonnaya Onu, stated that the government will protect researchers and innovators with the appropriate legal framework through the issuance of intellectual property rights.
At the second National Competitive Consultative Forum for regulatory establishments, Mr Onu said, “Our programmes, especially for Research and Development (R&D) would focus mainly on need-based, demand-driven activities.
“Such programmes would be driven by Science, Technology, and Innovation (STI) in a manner that Research Development breakthroughs and findings would seamlessly get commercialised for industrial and business application and utilisation in production and services delivery.
“We will protect our researchers, inventors and innovators with an appropriate legal framework such as issuance of patents and other intellectual property rights.
“My desire is to create an enabling environment conducive to Nigerian academic/Research and Development (R&D) institutions as well as scientists to be adequately rewarded from the successful commercialisation of research and innovation efforts. This will help attract people to research and innovation.
“We are working to remove all obstacles, close all gaps so as to encourage co-operation and collaboration among R&D institutions and OPS. This will help us domestically source and improve on agro and mineral raw materials for the manufacturing industry.
“Our aim is to ensure that there is a cordial relationship among critical stakeholders within the STI ecosystem in the country. This will help reduce the cost of production and also guarantee stability in the supply chain.”
UBEC Urges Oyo to Recruit More Teachers
By Modupe Gbadeyanka
The Oyo State government has been advised to recruit more teachers into public primary schools in the state as this will further enhance the quality of basic education.
The Universal Basic Education Commission (UBEC), which made this appeal, commended the government for the qualitative education pupils in Oyo State are enjoying under the leadership of Governor Seyi Makinde.
“We urge the Oyo State government to look into the recruitment of teachers into the public primary schools in the state,” the Executive Secretary of UBEC, Mr Hamid Bobboyi, said while reacting to the recommendation of the 2022 National Personnel Audit team.
The chair, who spoke through the head of the team, Mr Muhammed Bello, added that the National Personnel Audit was a major activity in data gathering used in the planning and development of education.
“Though entry is still ongoing, we would give the Board updates on the list and give the State government accurate data in order to plan and develop basic education,” Mr Bobboyi said.
He solicited the cooperation of other stakeholders in education in ensuring accurate data so as to know where every Nigerian child of school age was at any given time.
Responding, the Executive Chairman, Oyo State Universal Basic Education Board (OyoSUBEB), Mr Nureni Aderemi Adeniran, admitted the acute shortage of teachers in the state, saying the state government is making efforts to look into fresh recruitment and replacement of seconded teachers in the state.
“We are aware of the shortage of teachers in our primary schools. The state government under the leadership of our dear Governor is making efforts to ensure the problem is resolved in time,” Mr Adeniran added.
He added that the state government will continue to collaborate with the federal government and other relevant agencies to ensure the public education sector in the state thrives.
Mr Adeniran also hinted that school owners and proprietors operating illegally in the state would be made to face the law.
Lagos Lauds MTN Nigeria’s Support for Education
By Modupe Gbadeyanka
A notable telecommunications company, MTN Nigeria, has been given a pat on the back by the Lagos State government for its support for education in the metropolis.
In June 2020, MTN Nigeria commenced a free data offer enabling primary and secondary school students in various states to access educational content.
The intervention was done in collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Education, allowing primary and secondary school students access to virtual lessons and exam prep.
The resources available cover all primary and secondary school subjects and over 10 years of past questions from key examinations, including the First School Leaving Certificate exams, West African Senior School Certificate exams, Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board exams, among others; as well as access to learning portals such as Pass.ng, Roducate, mAcademy, among others.
This initiative thrilled the Governor of Lagos State, Mr Babajide Sanwo-Olu, who said he was impressed with the company’s support for e-learning in primary and secondary schools across the state.
Speaking at the second Education Summit organised by the Lagos State Ministry of Education in collaboration with the Office of Sustainable Development Goals and Investment (SDGI), Mr Sanwo-Olu, who was represented by his deputy, Mr Obafemi Hamzat, noted that the past three years have witnessed tremendous improvement in the overall value chain of the education ecosystem.
“Our model of investment is informed by the desire to entrench 21st-century technology into the sector. This huge investment will ultimately result in significant improvement in learning outcomes.
“Our administration also seeks to recognise and appreciate the tremendous contribution and donations of various private partners who supported the State Government’s Education Transformation Plan, most especially during the Covid-19 pandemic and lockdown of schools,” he stated.
The Chief Enterprise Business Officer of MTN Nigeria, Ms Lynda Saint-Nwafor, while reacting to the praise showered on the firm, stated that, “We are humbled by the recognition from the Lagos State Government and are pleased by how well our support was received by the Ministry of Education.
“At MTN, we believe that everyone deserves the benefits of a modern, connected life and will continue to provide opportunities that support students to learn and shine.”
Commission on Child Destitution, ASUU Strike and Education Sector
By Jerome-Mario Chijioke Utomi
With the recent passage for the second reading of the Bill for an Act to establish the National Commission on Child Destitution in Nigeria, it is now evident that the nation handlers’ have finally come to the sudden realization that history has over these years thrust upon our generation an indescribably important destiny – to complete the process of learning and modernizations which our nation has too long developed too slowly, but which is our most powerful for world respect and emulation.
The bill, if passed, would provide the legal and constitutional frameworks for the eradication of child destitution in Nigeria. The bill would also result in taking formidable steps to mitigate the effects of the recurring cases of child destitution in the country. When established, the commission would serve as an intervention programme that would eradicate, rehabilitate and prohibit the menace of child destitution in Nigeria.
Without a doubt, there are many reasons that qualify the development as a right step taken in the right direction.
First, separate from the painful realization that 17 states in the country with the highest number of out-of-school children, 14 of them are in the North, and if the rate of out-of-school children is not curtailed, it would further worsen the insecurity that is currently bedevilling parts of the country. There is an accompanying belief that the latest bill, when passed, will strengthen the already existing Universal Basic Education Act 2003, which among other purposes is aimed at enforcing quality, compulsory, mandatory and free education up to secondary school three or equivalent and other purposes.
The second is that successive administrations in the country have done very little in arresting the situation. A particular report in 2013 described as mind-numbing the awareness that about 10.5 million Nigerian children of school age are not enrolled in schools. Out of this number, the report explained that about 9 million are children of beggars, fishermen and other less privileged people in the society.
The survey further showed that the population of out-of-school children in Nigeria had risen from 10.5 million to 13.2 million, the highest in the world, noting that; there is still a huge number of those who are in school, but are learning nothing, as schooling does not always lead to learning. In Nigeria, there are more non-learners in school than out of school.
Regardless of what you hear or read on the pages of the newspaper, this piece believes that despite the proposed National Commission on Child Destitution in Nigeria, it is still not an easy road for the Nigerian education sector but a tough and tumble ride. Even the practice of democracy in the country, contrary to earlier beliefs, has not helped to stop the pangs of challenges experienced by Nigerians in the sector.
Among many other comments in the recent past, I heard some say that across the globe, funding education now comes with a crushing weight that the government alone can no longer bear. To this group, it calls for public-private partnership and support from good-spirited individuals to the rescue.
Within this span, I have equally read an argument that our educational system is faulty just like every educational system is faulty. The United States educational system, they added, is faulty. If there is no fault in any system, then, there is no improvement. They concluded that what we call fault is a challenge and that is the basics of development. To the rest, our educational system is not faulty as it remains one of the systems that are still very sound and applauded across the world.
To illustrate this belief, the ongoing strike embarked upon by the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) to ensure the government stops reneging on agreements with the union has more than anything else made it clear that the nation’s public universities, principally the federal government-owned universities, are in trouble.
Aside from the fact that this is the second industrial action in less than two years, coupled with the fact that the system continues to frustrate the ambitions and aspirations of our youths; those that will provide the future leadership needs of the country, there are indeed reasons that characterize the current happenings as a troubling reality.
The most fundamental of the reasons is that the strike came a few days after President Muhammadu Buhari, in Abuja, while receiving members of the Nigeria Inter-Religious Council (NIREC) led by the co-chairs, the Sultan of Sokoto, Muhammad Sa’ad Abubakar, and the president of the Christian Association of Nigeria, Samson Olasupo Ayokunle, promised that the federal government remains committed to honouring promises made to ASUU to prevent disruptive strikes, engender uninterrupted academic programmes and improve funding of educational institutions.
The second stems from the words of Professor Emmanuel Osodeke, president of ASUU, who during a reported interview with the Channels Television, not only contradicted but proved as untrue the above pledge by Mr President. He ‘religiously’ explained how the FG has seamlessly become reputed for not keeping promises.
Let’s listen to him; “For the past nine years or so, they have been giving us promises but once the strike is over, they relapse. While noting that his colleagues are tired of these promises which they don’t fulfil, he added that what they want is action, maintaining that the union has sacrificed for the country’s educational system, concluding that ASUU will not back down on the current industrial action, since the federal government has become reputed for not keeping to its promises.
Looking above, it is evident that if the time-honoured aphorism which considers education as the bedrock of development is anything to go by and if the age-long belief that; with sound educational institutions, a country is as good as made, the institutions will turn out all rounded manpower to continue with the development of the society driven by well thought out ideas, policies, programmes, and projects remains a valid argument, then, we all have reasons not only to feel worried but collectively work hard to deliver the nation’s education sector.
Specifically, these challenges come in two forms; the first lays out the dilemma posed by the government’s underfunding of the public universities which as a consequence; impedes lecturers from carrying out scholarly research, truncates the academic calendar with strike actions, laces Nigerian universities with dilapidated and overstretched learning facilities with the universities producing graduates devoid of linkage with the manpower demand by the nation’s industrial sector.
The second challenge stems from the first but centres more particularly on thoughtless demand for fees of varying amounts/proposed by the school authorities-a development that is financially squeezing the life out of the innocent students and their parents.
The dilemma and menace posed by this practice indicate considerably higher risk and unless the government commits its resources to get to the root of the challenge, the potential consequence could be higher than that of other challenges currently ravaging the education sector.
By not taking the education sector seriously, one fact that the federal government failed to remember is that when human beings, through sound education, develop a higher order of thinking, the society gains an advantage in being able to anticipate emerging threats, they gain the ability to conceptualize instead of just perceiving.
But when they fail to acquire or deny the need, they will also gain the ability to conceptualize an imaginary threat and when a group of people are persuaded to conceptualize this imaginary threat, they can activate the fear response as powerfully as the real threat.
This fact partially explains the current fears and insecurity that have recently enveloped the country.
To further avert all these, governments at all levels must unlearn this attitude of the progressives’ non-recognition of the right to education as a human right despite their membership in a number of international conventions, including the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights where the right is respected.
Above all, the Buhari-led federal government must urgently commit to mind that globally; ‘the relationship between employers/employees is always strained, always headed toward conflict. It is a natural conflict built into the system.
Unions do not strike on a whim or use the strike to show off their strength. They look at strikes as costly and disturbing, especially for workers and their families. Strikes are called as last resort’. And any government that fails to manage this delicate relationship profitably or fails to develop a cordial relationship with the workers becomes an enemy of not just the workers but that of the open society and, such society will sooner than later find itself degenerate into chaos.
Utomi Jerome-Mario is the Programme Coordinator (Media and Public Policy), Social and Economic Justice Advocacy (SEJA), a Lagos-based non-governmental organisation (NGO). He can be reached via Jeromeutomi@yahoo.com/08032725374
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