By Adedapo Adesanya
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has warned that Africa is facing a fast-surging third wave of COVID-19 pandemic, with cases spreading more rapidly and projected to soon overtake the peak of the second wave the continent witnessed at the start of 2021.
The Geneva-based organisation explained that COVID-19 cases have risen for five consecutive weeks since the onset of the third wave on 3 May 2021.
Providing data as of June 20—day 48 into the new wave—Africa had recorded around 474 000 new cases—a 21 per cent increase compared with the first 48 days of the second wave. At the current rate of infections, the ongoing surge is set to surpass the previous one by early July.
A combination of factors including weak observance of public health measures, increased social interaction and movement as well as the spread of variants are powering the resurging in 12 African countries.
In the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda that are experiencing COVID-19 resurgence, the Delta variant has been detected in most samples sequenced in the past month. Across Africa, the variant—first identified in India—has been reported in 14 countries.
Speaking on this, Dr Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa, “The third wave is picking up speed, spreading faster, hitting harder. With rapidly rising case numbers and increasing reports of serious illness, the latest surge threatens to be Africa’s worst yet.
“Africa can still blunt the impact of these fast-rising infections, but the window of opportunity is closing. Everyone everywhere can do their bit by taking precautions to prevent transmission.”
WHO is deploying more experts to some of the worst-affected countries, including Uganda and Zambia as well as supporting South Africa-based regional laboratories to monitor variants of concern.
WHO is also boosting innovative technological support to other laboratories in the region without sequencing capacities to better monitor the evolution of the virus. In the next six months, WHO is aiming for an eight- to ten-fold increase in the samples sequenced each month in Southern African countries.
The COVID-19 upsurge comes as the vaccine supply crunch persists. Eighteen African countries have used over 80 per cent of their COVAX vaccine supplies, with eight having exhausted their stocks. Twenty-nine countries have administered over 50 per cent of their supplies.
Despite the progress, just over 1 per cent of Africa’s population has been fully vaccinated. Globally, around 2.7 billion doses administered, of which just under 1.5 per cent have been administered in the continent.
As many high-income countries vaccinate a significant proportion of their populations, proof of vaccination is leading to fewer movement restrictions.
Globally, 16 countries are waiving quarantine for those with a vaccination certificate. Measures to prevent COVID-19 transmission are crucial, but with many African countries having limited access to vaccines, it is important that vaccines be only one of the conditions countries use to open borders and increase freedom of movement.
“With high vaccination rates, it’s shaping up into a summer of freedom, family and fun for millions of people in richer countries. This is understandable and we all long for the same joys,” said Dr Moeti.
“Vaccine shortages are already prolonging the pain of COVID-19 in Africa. Let’s not add injury to injustice. Africans must not face more restrictions because they are unable to access vaccines that are only available elsewhere. I urge all regional and national regulatory agencies to recognize all the vaccines Emergency Use listed by WHO,” she added.
In the European Union, a COVID-19 passport system for vaccination, testing and recovery will take effect from July 1. However, only four of the eight vaccines listed by WHO for emergency use are recognized by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) for the passport system.
WHO and the European Medicines Agency use the same standards in assessing vaccines. Manufacturers may choose not to apply to the European Medicines Agency if they do not intend to market their products in countries in the European Union or European Economic Area. But the safety and efficacy of all WHO emergency use listed vaccines have been proven globally in preventing severe COVID-19 illness and death.
In Africa, a WHO survey of 45 countries shows that their borders are open for air travel and only Mauritius will require proof of vaccination for international travellers from 15 July 2021. Most countries do not give quarantine exemptions for travellers who are fully vaccinated against COVID-19 and require a negative COVID-19 test.
Can You Use CBD Oil Hydrotherapy?
People are finding new ways to live healthier, happier lives by addressing the various aspects of their health that they feel need improvement. Cannabis is slowly becoming more mainstream, and more people are seeking ways to reap CBD oil’s benefits. This oil, which stands for cannabidiol, has been proven to bring relief from several health conditions, including anxiety, neuropathic pain, chronic pain, and seizures. With that in mind, it states that CBD oil could get used as an effective treatment for acne!
It can be used for topical applications, ingesting it orally as edibles or capsules, and even put on your skin. There are benefits to using CBD oil for specific purposes.
This article will take a closer look at CBD oil in UK and how its benefits can be experienced through hydrotherapy. As per the skin condition you are trying to treat, it might be best to try a topical application. If you want to consume CBD oil and use it as a dietary supplement, there are different ways you can do this. So, learn more about it here!
How Do You Use CBD Oil Hydrotherapy?
CBD oil hydrotherapy is a popular way to use CBD products. Hydrotherapy is using water to help treat a range of ailments. The most common uses include baths, douches, and enemas. The method works by increasing blood flow and circulation and helping to improve the symptoms of conditions such as anxiety, pain, and depression.
Hydrotherapy can be used independently or in combination with other treatments such as medication and therapy. You should speak with a doctor before starting hydrotherapy if you are pregnant or have any health concerns. There are different ways to use CBD oil hydrotherapy, including:
Hydrotherapy can be beneficial in various health conditions, and the application of CBD oil to the skin is no exception. This topical application involves using the oil directly on the skin and can get done in various ways. However, it’s important to note that CBD oil should only be applied topically as a lower concentration that would not affect the body. So, let’s look at them now:
CBD Oil is organic and has powerful healing properties. It works by penetrating the skin to reduce inflammation, ache, and increase circulation. You can put it directly on your skin or even on top of your skin for instant results. The active ingredient in CBD is cannabidiol (CBD), which has numerous health benefits such as reducing pain, reducing anxiety, improving mood disorders, and even cancer treatment. You might also mix it with other natural oils or creams for easier absorption through the skin. As long as it gets made with pure ingredients, there should be no problem using CBD oil topically or orally.
2. Using CBD As A Lip Balm And Moisturizer
This herb functions as a moisturizer, which is excellent for preventing skin issues. It also has multiple benefits, such as anti-aging properties, and dermatologists even use it to keep skin hydrated during laser treatments. You can use it as a topical lotion or lip balm. You can also use it for external applications such as massages and hydrotherapy treatments. The CBD oil interacts with the body by mimicking its endocannabinoids (natural cannabinoids found in cannabis) and some natural cannabinoids found in the human body. These endocannabinoids regulate pain, and our immune system, manage mood and prevent seizures and other neurological disorders.
Ingesting It Orally
CBD oil comes in different types and treats a wide range of conditions and hydrotherapy. There are two main ways CBD oil is taken orally: as an oil and as a tincture. You can take it by placing a drop under the tongue, while the medicine can get swallowed. There are also other ways to use it. Let’s check them out:
1. As Edibles By Mixing It In Juices, Gummies, Tea
CBD oil can get ingested orally to ingest it through mixing it in juices, gummies, and tea for hydrotherapy. There are several ways to prepare CBD oils:
You can make a CBD syrup by mixing the oil with an appropriate amount of purified water and powder; You can add the oil directly to your favorite smoothie to create delicious treats. You may also use capsules or food items that do not require heat (such as yogurt) to administer it; Finally, you can inject the oil directly into your body. These methods require significant preparation or expertise to get the most out of them.
2. Consuming It As Tinctures, Capsules
You can also consume this herb orally and in powdered form by chewing on the capsule or eating a small amount of oil in each meal and through the widespread use of tinctures, dissolving CBD oil into the water. It acts as a natural anti-inflammatory and pain reliever when you ingest CBD oil orally. It also serves to stimulate the receptors in the brain that block pain. The cannabinoids found in CBD have helped reduce inflammation, relieve pain, and fight off infection, among other things.
Is CBD Oil Safe To Use For Hydrotherapy?
If you’re considering using this CBD for hydrotherapy, it’s essential to do your research first. Here are some things you should know:
- It is essential to be aware that CBD oil is not legal in all states. Therefore, people using this oil for hydrotherapy should check the state laws in their area before using it.
- You should ensure that you have a consultation with a health professional. It is because CBD oil can interact with other medications that you are taking. So, inform your health care provider about any other medical conditions.
- Some potential side effects of this oil include drowsiness, dizziness, confusion, and even seizures. If you’re using it for hydrotherapy, talk to your doctor about any risks before starting treatment.
While some research needs to get conducted to determine the full range of benefits and risks associated with using CBD oil hydrotherapy, it seems clear that this type of treatment can offer tremendous relief for a wide variety of medical conditions. And also, when used in the right way, CBD oil can be an incredibly effective treatment for a variety of health concerns.
If you consider using CBD oil hydrotherapy as an alternative treatment for you or a loved one, we motivate you to do your research first. As with anything else, always consult with a healthcare professional before starting any treatments. It will help you ensure that they are safe and appropriate for your circumstances.
Nigeria Preparing to Defend Against Future Pandemic—FG
By Adedapo Adesanya
Nigeria is currently mapping out strategies to ensure that it is prepared to face any future pandemic, according to the Minister of Health, Mr Osagie Ehanire, who also vowed that Nigeria will not allow itself to be taken unawares the way it found itself during the COVID-19 outbreak.
He, however, noted that Nigeria was not in a hurry to produce the COVID-19 vaccine because, according to him, the world now has many COVID-19 vaccines.
The Minister further disclosed that the federal government recently procured over 30 million doses of the COVID-19 vaccines added with the ones that were donated by other countries.
According to Mr Ehanire, the country is ready to begin the manufacture of the 15 per cent of routine vaccines needed in the country.
“There is an initiative of the federal government working with the private sector already existing to produce the so-called routine vaccines.
“Normally vaccines for Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) were already in the pipeline. That one is running on its own and they are to start by producing 15 per cent of routine vaccines.
“Nigeria is among those countries that were granted the right to have the technology to produce COVID-19 vaccine which is being handled by Bio-vaccine Limited with support from the Federal Ministry of Health.
“Another consortium (group of companies) came to make a presentation to the president about vaccine production and the Federal Ministry of Health engaged that consortium and it is about that consortium that the report to the presidency was due which has been done.
“But generally, the world now has plenty of vaccines of COVID-19 which are being donated to Nigeria,” the Minister said.
He explained that: “The Federal Government also ordered for over 30 million doses of the vaccines, but even the vaccines which we ordered which the federal government is paying for were not being used yet because we are using donations from other countries.
“So the urgency to produce our own COVID-19 vaccine now is a bit reduced because we have donations and we have the ones that the government has procured.”
On what the government is doing to ensure that Nigeria is prepared locally to combat any form of epidemic in the future, the Minister said: “But the urgency to have the technology to know how to produce vaccines is what is pressing.
“And so, we are bringing together all our experts including the producers and manufacturers of vaccines to find a way to have the technology in case of any future outbreaks to produce vaccines to join in research and innovation.
“We are bringing together all our research capacities and assets to have that knowledge and that skill and the technology for indigenous domestic vaccine production in case of any other such attack.
“The technical working group needs to pursue that avenue of research and development because the rest of the world agreed that anytime in the future there can be Disease X, that is the disease that we do not know about.
“It may be like COVID or something else, but what is clear is that there will be a need for vaccines.
“There is research going on in many countries trying to find out that vaccine. Nigeria wants to be part of that research and development efforts.
“We must have the assets, the technology and knowledge and all that the country needs to be able to join the rest of the world in finding the answers so that if Nigeria finds the answer first, we can also support the rest of the world in getting access to the vaccines.”
Speaking on efforts by the federal government to ensure sickle cell patients get help, Dr Salma Anas Kolo disclosed that Nigeria which has half of the global burden of Sickle cell is working hard to ensure those affected live without pain.
According to her, no country in the world has invested in sickle cell like Nigeria in areas like advocacy and awareness creation.
This, she said, led to the development of a herbal remedy by the Nigeria Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development (NIPRD) called NIPRISAN.
“This shows the importance the government attached to the fight against sickle cell across the spectrum of prevention, provision of counselling services, enhancing access to prompt diagnosis and treatment of those affected by the disease.
“Also, in partnership with CSOs, the private sector and other government parastatals, the National Assembly passed a bill in 2021 on all the issues around prevention and strengthening of the health system to be able to provide quality services to the children that are already affected by sickle cell and ensuring that they live a normal life and in addition to guidelines that have been developed.
“The federal government has also decentralized the campaign to subnational levels, hence, every state and local government have the responsibility to commemorate the sickle cell day.”
Senate Pass Bills to Establish Federal Medical Centres in Four States
By Adedapo Adesanya
The Senate has passed four bills to establish Federal Medical Centres in four states of the federation.
At the plenary on Tuesday, it was disclosed that the medical centres would be established in Osogbo, Osun State; Onitsha, Anambra State; Gada, Sokoto State; and Ijebu-Ode, Ogun State.
The passage of the bills to establish the Medical Centres followed the consideration of four separate reports by the Committee on Health (Secondary and Tertiary).
Speaking, the Chairman of the Committee, Mr Yahaya Oloriegbe, in his presentations, said the centres would be equipped with facilities for diagnostic treatment and rehabilitation at the tertiary levels.
According to him, they would also serve as centres for training of health professionals and conducting advanced health research.
In a related development, the Senate, on Tuesday, passed a bill to amend the Teaching Hospitals (Reconstitution of Boards, etc.) Act 2004.
Mr Oloriegbe, in a separate presentation on a report by the Committee on Health (Secondary and Tertiary), explained that the amendment to the Teaching Hospitals Act seeks to give full legislative recognition to the Federal University Lokoja Teaching Hospital.
“Mr President and distinguished colleagues, every Institution needs to be backed by an enabling law.
“It is against this background that this bill is before the chamber.
“As of today, training facilities in the health sector are inadequate for the current population and projected population growth for Nigeria, currently out at 3 per cent per annum.
“Therefore, establishing the Federal University Lokoja Teaching Hospital will address this gap among others,” Mr Oloriegbe explained.
He added that the bill seeks to amend the First Schedule to the Principal Act to include the Federal University Lokoja Teaching Hospital.
“By this amendment, it creates a legal backing for the Federal University Lokoja Teaching Hospital”, he said.
The four bills to establish the Federal Medical Centres, and the Bill to amend the Teaching Hospitals Act 2004, were all passed by the chamber during plenary, after a clause-by-clause consideration by the committee of the whole.
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