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Economy

Effective Fiscal, Monetary Policies Will Revamp Nigerian Economy—Standard Chartered Bank

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Standard Chartered Bank monetary policies

By Adedapo Adesanya

Standard Chartered Bank (SCB) Nigeria, through its forum, has said that Nigeria needs to balance effective fiscal and monetary policies to awaken its ailing economy.

This was the crux of the matter at the company’s recently hosted Global Research Briefing which sought to identify the key concerns for the Nigerian financial market, pool solutions from a cross-section of financial and oil sector experts, and chart a course in a bid to reverse the negative situation.

This is coming as the world continues to contend with the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Held in Lagos, the event provided a conducive environment for market leaders to dialogue on an array of key economic issues ranging from the expected implementation of foreign exchange and monetary policy reforms to interventions needed to address the challenges in the oil and gas sector.

In his welcome remarks, the CEO of Standard Chartered Bank Nigeria, Mr Lamin Manjang, noted that the session came at a time of great uncertainty and volatility both globally and locally, marked by the spectre of high inflation and slow growth.

“We have seen a very aggressive tightening of monetary policy across almost all central banks in the world. In Nigeria, we have seen the same phenomenon of high inflation. But it’s not all doom and gloom. We have been through similar challenges in the past, and we eventually came out of it,” he stated.

During her keynote presentation, SCB’s Regional Head of Research, Africa and the Middle East, Ms Razia Kahn, highlighted the need for greater reassurance on FX and other policy reforms for Nigeria to attract foreign investor participation.

“In terms of the policy response, Nigeria has perhaps been more tested than many other economies. A lot of the transmission of the different pressures into the great slowdown has been exacerbated by the policy decisions in Nigeria. Still, Nigeria stands apart from many of its African counterparts simply because it is seen as an economy that has scale,” she explained.

Addressing the challenges within the petroleum industry, Ms Khan moderated an Oil and Gas panel session which included Mr Leke Ogunlewe, former Head of Global Banking/Corporate and Institutional Banking, SCB; Mr Chikezie Nwosu, MD/CEO, Waltersmith Petroman Oil Limited; and Mr Femi Ogunbi, Treasurer, ExxonMobil.

Speaking on challenges brought on by the implementation of the Petroleum Industry Act, Mr Ogunlewe noted that there were concerns regarding the regulation of the significant investments of oil & gas companies in social initiatives, particularly as they relate to their host communities.

“We now have a regulator that monitors these organizations in a way that is unfavourable to the communities. I’m curious to see how that will work out because I know from experience that several oil & gas companies spend much more than the PIA stipulates,” he stated.

In his remarks, Mr Ogunbi underscored the need for the market forces of demand and supply to play a greater role in Nigeria’s oil & gas policies. According to him, Nigeria needs more enablers and respect for market forces in virtually every sector.

Discussing the need to attract Foreign Direct Investment, the Financial Markets panel included Mr Ayodeji Adelagun, Head, Financial Markets, Standard Chartered Bank Nigeria; Ms Elizabeth Oguegbu, Head of Financial Markets Sales, Standard Chartered Bank Nigeria; Mr David Alao, CEO, Leadway Asset Management Company; and Ms Tumi Sekoni, MD, FMDQ Exchange.

During the discussion, Mr Alao noted that serious FX reforms are necessary for the international investing public to regain confidence in Nigeria, just as Ms Sekoni called attention to the likelihood of FX reforms being deferred till after the coming elections.

Speaking at the session, Mr Olukorede Adenowo, Executive Director, Corporate Commercial and Institutional Banking, said, “As a global bank with a rich network of experience and expertise in Africa and the Middle East, we are in a unique position to support the massive shift of capital towards sustainable finance, which has become a priority for stakeholders, investors and clients, alike. The people and businesses we serve are the engines of trade and innovation and are central to the transition to a fair, sustainable future.

“The Global Research Briefing provided an opportunity for us to share insights into the challenges within the country and, more so, the tremendous opportunities that exist as well as providing solutions that governments can take to make their markets more attractive for investment.

“We are determined to support our clients with identifying such opportunities and developing significant sustainable finance solutions to grow their businesses. This will ensure that we can deliver on our aspiration to be the Bank that’s continuously driving commerce and prosperity for our clients and the economies we operate in.’’

Adedapo Adesanya is a journalist, polymath, and connoisseur of everything art. When he is not writing, he has his nose buried in one of the many books or articles he has bookmarked or simply listening to good music with a bottle of beer or wine. He supports the greatest club in the world, Manchester United F.C.

Economy

CBN Orders Banks Not to Load N500, N1,000 Notes in ATMs

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ATMs

**Pegs Weekly Cash Withdrawal Limits at N100,000

By Aduragbemi Omiyale

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has directed commercial banks and other financial institutions operating Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) in the country not to load banknotes above N200.

In a circular, the central bank said this move is to deepen its cashless policy and reduce the volume of cash transactions in the financial system.

Recall that on October 26, 2022, the Governor of the CBN, Mr Godwin Emefiele, announced at a press conference that the higher Naira notes would be redesigned.

He explained that this was because over 80 per cent of cash in circulation was dwelling outside the vaults of commercial banks in the country.

This implied that the cash was in possession of politicians, kidnappers and other criminals. To control the cash in circulation, he said President Muhammadu Buhari approved the redesigning of the Naira.

Last month, Mr Buhari unveiled the new notes, and according to plans, they would be in circulation from December 15, while the old notes would cease to be legal tender after January 31, 2023.

To increase the use of electronic transfers, the apex bank has placed limits on cash withdrawals via over-the-counter (OTC), ATMs and others.

In the notice, the CBN said customers would no longer be able to withdraw more than N20,000 per day via the ATM and N100,000 per week via the same channel.

“The maximum cash withdrawal per week via Automated Teller Machine (ATM)) shall be N100,000, subject to a maximum of 20,000 cash withdrawals per day. Only denominations of N200 and below shall be loaded into the ATMs,” the disclosure stated.

It also said, “the maximum cash withdrawal via point of sale (POS) terminal shall be N20,000 daily.”

As for cash withdrawals via OTC, the central bank stated that it would be N100,000 for individuals, with a 5 per cent processing fee for amounts above the cap, while for corporate organisations, the limit is N500,000 and 10 per cent charge for amounts above the limit.

“The maximum cash withdrawal over-the-counter (OTC) by individuals and corporate organizations per week shall henceforth be N100,000 and N500,000, respectively,” a part of the circular said.

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Economy

Nigeria Records N269.34bn in Trade Surplus in Q3 2022

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trade surplus

By Adedapo Adesanya

Nigeria’s exports exceeded the total imports in the third quarter of this year as the country recorded N5.93 trillion in total exports, while total imports hit N5.66 trillion in the same period, indicating a trade surplus as the country’s exports exceeded its imports.

This happened amid a decline in total trade as Nigeria’s total trade stood at N11.59 trillion in the period, lower than the value recorded in the second quarter of 2022 (N12.84 trillion) but higher than the value recorded in the corresponding period of 2021, which stood at N10.47 trillion.

In the quarter under review, total exports declined by 19.9 per cent when compared to the second quarter of 2022 (N7.40 trillion), but increased by 15.5 per cent of the value recorded in the third quarter of 2021 (N5.13 trillion).

On the other hand, total imports increased by 4.22 per cent in the third quarter of 2022 when compared to the value recorded in the second quarter of 2022 (N5.44 trillion) and also grew by 6.2 per cent when compared to the value recorded in the corresponding quarter of 2021 (N5.34 trillion).

The value of Re-Exports in the third quarter of 2022 stood at N25.04 billion, showing an increase of 160.2 per cent compared to the value recorded in the second quarter of 2022 but declined by 86.1 per cent compared to the corresponding quarter of 2021 (N179.81 billion).

In the quarter under review, the top five re-export destinations were Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, United Kingdom, China, and The Netherlands, while the most re-exported commodity were Vessels and other floating structures for breaking up with N8.05 trillion, followed by ‘Floating or submersible drilling or production platforms’ valued at N4.97 trillion and Aeroplanes and other aircraft, of an un-laden weight exceeding 15,000 kg, amounting to N3.43 trillion.

The top five export destinations in the third quarter of 2022 were Spain with a share of 14.7 per cent, followed by India with 10.4 per cent, France with 7.3 per cent, the Netherlands and Indonesia with 7.1 per cent and 7.0 per cent, respectively. Altogether, the top five countries accounted for a share of 46.5 per cent of the total value of exports (N5.93 trillion).

The commodity with the largest export values in the period under review was Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude with N4.66 trillion representing 78.5 per cent, followed by Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) with N757.36 billion accounting for 12.8 per cent, and Urea (whether or not in aqueous solution) with N133.17 billion or 2.2 per cent of total exports.

In terms of Imports (CIF), in the third quarter of 2022, China, The Netherlands, India, Belgium, and the United States of America were the top five countries of origin of imports to Nigeria. The value of imports from the top five countries amounted to N3.3 trillion, representing a share of 58.8 per cent of the total value of imports.

The commodities with the largest values among the top imported products were Motor Spirit ordinary (N1.19 trillion), Gas Oil (N261.60 billion), and Durum wheat (Not in seeds), amounting to N252.62 billion.

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Economy

Panelists Discuss How To Grow Your Money In Difficult Times

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Grow Your Money

By Modupe Gbadeyanka

Investors have been advised by financial experts to avoid holding on to idle assets but must quickly deploy them to ventures that would yield returns.

This was one of the solutions and strategies discussed at a webinar organised recently by DLM Asset Management, a subsidiary of a leading investment firm, DLM Capital Group.

The event, which was themed How to Grow Your Money in Difficult Times, was put together to guide participants on how to find growth and value in a volatile economy.

It was also designed to educate clients, prospective clients, and the entire public on how to grow and preserve their wealth in difficult times.

The virtual session was necessary given the urgent circumstances in Nigeria at the moment, where unemployment and inflation are at all-time highs and insecurity is posing a severe danger to economic growth and stability.

“In critical times such as this, investors must avoid holding idle assets. In fact, all assets must be actively deployed with optimal efficiency in order to avoid asset deterioration due to inflation.

“As such, a typical solution to this is the DLM Fixed Income Fund, a mutual fund that provides investors with the opportunity to earn decent returns from their funds that ordinarily should yield so little when left in a typical bank account,” the Head of DLM Asset Management, Mr George Aniegbunem, stated.

On her part, the Vice President at DLM Advisory, Ms Ekanem Etim, spoke about investing opportunities, associated risks, and the significance of seeking advice from an investment professional, mostly in uncertain times like this.

“It is important for investors to understand the underlying risks of an investment opportunity before taking any investment decision. As such, individual Investors will benefit greatly from seeking professional advice as they grow their wealth, mostly in challenging moments like this,” she remarked.

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