By Dipo Olowookere
A new report released by Economic Confidential has revealed that Lagos State generates more Internally Generated Revenue (IGR) than 30 of the 36 states in the federation combined.
The report by this economic intelligence magazine indicates that the IGR of Lagos State of N333 billion is higher than that of 30 States put together whose IGR are extremely low and poor compared to their allocations from the Federation Account.
The states with impressive over 30 percent IGR apart from Lagos are Ogun, Rivers, Edo, Kwara, Enugu and Kano States who generated N607 billion in total, while the remaining states merely generated a total of N327 billion in 2017.
In its Annual States Viability Index (ASVI), the reputable journal also said only 17 states are insolvent as their IGRs in 2017 were far below 10 percent of their receipts from the Federation Account Allocations (FAA) in the same year.
The index, carefully and painstakingly computed, proved that without the monthly disbursement from the Federation Account Allocation Committee (FAAC), many states remain unviable, and cannot survive without the federally collected revenue, mostly from the oil sector.
The IGR are generated by states through Pay-As-You-Earn Tax (PAYE), Direct Assessment, Road Taxes and revenues from Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs).
Recently, the magazine published the total allocations received by each state in Nigeria from FAA from January to December 2017.
The latest report on IGR revealed that only Lagos and Ogun States generated more revenue than their allocations from the Federation Account by 165 percent and 107 percent respectively and no any other state has up to 100 percent of IGR to the federal largesse.
The IGR of the 36 states of the federation totalled N931 billion in 2017 as compared to N801.95 billion in 2016, an increase of N130 billion.
While the report provides shocking discoveries, the states with less than 10 percent IGR have jumped to 17 from 14 states in the previous year 2016.
The poor states may not stay afloat outside FAA due to socio-political crises including insurgency, militancy, armed-banditry and herdsmen attacks. Other states lack foresight in revenue generation drive coupled with arm-chair governance.
The states that may not survive without the Federation Account due to poor internal revenue generation are Bauchi which realized a meagre N4.3 billion compared with a total of N85 billion it received from FAA in 2017 representing about 5 percent; Yobe with IGR of N3.59 billion compared with FAA of N67 billion representing 5.33 percent; Borno N4.9 billion compared with FAA of N92 billion representing 5.41 percent; Kebbi with IGR of N4.39 billion compared with N76 billion of FAA representing 5.77 percent and Katsina with IGR of N6bn compared to N103 billion of FAA representing 5.8 percent within the period under review.
Other poor internal revenue earners are Niger which generated N6.5 billion compared to FAA of N87 billion representing 7.43 percent; Jigawa N6.6 billion compared to FAA of N85 billion representing 7.75 percent; Imo N6.8 billion compared with FAA of N85 billion representing 8.1 percent and Akwa Ibom N15 billion compared with FAA of N197 billion representing 8.06 percent, Ekiti N4.9 billion compared with FAA of N59 billion representing 8.38 percent; Osun N6.4 billion compared with FAA of N76 billion representing 8.45 percent, Adamawa N6.2 billion compared with FAA of N72.9 billion representing 8.49 percent, Taraba N5.7 billion compared with FAA of N66 billion representing 8.70 percent and Ebonyi N5.1 billion compared with FAA of N57.8 billion representing 8 percent.
Meanwhile, Lagos State remained steadfast in its number one position in IGR with a total revenue generation of N333 billion compared with FAA of N201 billion which translates to 165 percent in the 12 months of 2017.
It was followed by Ogun State which generated IGR of N74.83 billion compared with FAA of N69 billion representing 107 percent.
Others with impressive IGR include Rivers with N89 billion compared with FAA of N178 billion representing 50 percent; Edo with IGR of N25 billion compared with FAA of N75 billion representing 33 percent. Kwara State however with a low receipt from the Federation Account has greatly improved in its IGR of N19 billion compared with FAA of N61 billion representing 32 percent while Enugu with IGR of N22 billion compared with FAA of N69 billion representing 32 percent.
Kano generated N42 billion compared with FAA of N143 billion representing 30 percent while Delta State earned N51 billion IGR against FAA of N175 billion representing 29 percent.
The Economic Confidential ASVI further showed that only three states in the entire Northern region have IGR above 20 percent. They are Kwara, Kano, and Kaduna States.
Meanwhile, 10 states in the South recorded over 20 percent IGR in 2017. They are Lagos, Ogun, Rivers, Edo, Enugu, Delta, Cross River, Anambra, Oyo and Abia States.
The states with the poorest IGR of less than 10 percent in the South are Bayelsa, Ebonyi, Osun, Ekiti, Akwa-Ibom and Imo States while in the North; Gombe, Zamfara, Taraba, Adamawa, Jigawa, Niger, Katsina, Kebbi, Borno, Yobe and Bauchi States.
Meanwhile, the IGR of the respective states can improve through aggressive diversification of the economy to productive sectors rather than relying on the monthly Federation Account revenues that largely come from the oil sector.
NNPC’ll Earn More Revenue—Kyari
By Adedapo Adesanya
The Nigerian National Petroleum Company Limited (NNPC) is set to earn more revenue for the country as the federal government has positioned it to become the most capitalised company in Africa, says the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the company, Mr Mele Kyari.
This will happen as the central government has commenced full implementation of the Petroleum Industry Act (PIA) in earnest.
Mr Kyari made this assertion while addressing staff in a town hall meeting at the weekend said the PIA had put “all money-making options on the table; it is up to us to take advantage of it”.
Highlighting the significance of the PIA to the NNPC and by extension the Nigerian economy, Mr Kyari said the new legislation has raised shareholders’ expectations on the company, even as it has given it wide room to make progress.
He said as a result of the new legislation, NNPC Limited would not only shed some of its toxic liabilities but will be the largest and most capitalised company in the whole of Africa and, potentially, the most profitable on the entire continent.
The CEO charged employees of the organisation to ensure that the company becomes a commercially viable entity and a multi-billion-dollar company that will continuously deliver value to its shareholders–the over two hundred million Nigerians.
Business Post had reported that President Muhammadu Buhari recently instituted the board of NNPC Limited led by Mrs Margery Chuba Okadigbo, Chairman, Mr Mele Kolo Kyari, Chief Executive Officer, Mr Umar I. Ajiya, Chief Financial Officer, Mr Tajudeen Umar (North East), Mrs Lami O. Ahmed (North Central), Mallam Mohammed Lawal (North West), Mr Henry Obih (South East), Barrister Constance Harry Marshal (South-South), and Mr Pius Akinyelure (South West).
Others included Mr Nasir Sani Gwarzo, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Petroleum Resources and Mr Aliyu Ahmed, Permanent Secretary, Minister, Finance, Budget and National Planning.
The President charged the board members to enforce the reforms put forward by the Petroleum Industry Act (PIA) 2021, which seeks to reposition the Nigerian petroleum industry to a commercially viable and competitive industry in line with global business dynamics and best practices.
“The Nigerian National Petroleum Company Limited is mandated to focus on profitability and continuous value creation beyond the simple fulfilment of legal and regulatory requirements.
“NNPC Limited is expected to operate at par with its industry peers across the world while acting as Enabler Company that will foster the development of other sectors of our economy,” he said.
Gains in NDEP, Nipco Push NASD Exchange 0.25% Higher
By Adedapo Adesanya
The week ended in the positive territory on the floor of the NASD Over-the-Counter (OTC) Securities Exchange following a 0.25 per cent rise on Friday, January 14.
The favourable outcome came on the back of gains recorded by the duo of Niger Delta Exploration and Production (NDEP) Plc and Nipco Plc.
NDEP Plc appreciated by N2.5 or 1.1 per cent during the session to close at N238.00 per unit as against N235.50 per unit it finished at the preceding session, while Nipco Plc improved by N6 or 8.7 per cent to close at N69.00 per unit compared with N63.00 per unit it closed at the previous session.
As a result of the good performances put up by the two stocks, the NASD unlisted security index (NSI) moved up by 1.86 points to 750.02 points from 748.16 points, while market capitalisation gained N1.58 billion to wrap the day at N635.10 billion in contrast to N633.52 billion it closed on Thursday.
There was no price loser during the trading day, through the trading volume slid by 36.9 per cent as a total of 207,618 units of shares exchanged hands compared with 329,347 units transacted on Thursday.
But the trading value rose by 15.6 per cent to N10.7 million from the previous day’s value of N9.3 million, while the number of deals depreciated by 36.4 per cent as only seven deals were carried out compared to the 11 deals executed at the previous session.
Central Securities Clearing Systems (CSCS) Plc remained as the most active stock by volume (year-to-date) as it has traded 1.02 million units of its shares for N19.9 million. Friesland Campina WAMCO Nigeria Plc was in second place for transacting 40,804 units of its stocks valued at N4.8 million, while NDEP Plc was in third place with 28,289 units valued at N6.7 million.
Also, CSCS Plc ended the session as the most traded stock by value with a turnover of 1.0 million units exchanged at N19.9 million, NDEP Plc trailed with 28,289 units worth N6.7 million, while Friesland Campina WAMCO Nigeria Plc has exchanged 40,804 units worth for N4.8 million.
28.7% Drop in I&E Turnover Strengthens Naira to N416.00/$1
By Adedapo Adesanya
The Naira closed the week stronger against the US Dollar at the Investors and Exporters (I&E) segment of the foreign exchange (forex) market on Friday, January 14.
At the I&E window, the local currency appreciated by 0.06 per cent or 50 kobo to trade at N416.00/$1 as against N416.50/$1 it closed on Thursday.
The strengthening of the local currency happened on the back of a 28.7 per cent or $49.59 million fall in turnover at the market segment as data obtained by Business Post from the FMDQ Securities Exchange showed that transactions worth $123.4 million were carried out compared with the $172.99 million recorded at the previous session.
However, at the interbank window of the market, the Naira recorded a flat outcome against the United States Dollar, closing at N414.79/$1, the same rate of the preceding day.
In the same vein, the domestic currency closed flat against the Pound Sterling on Friday at N565.57/£1 and against the Euro, the exchange rate of the indigenous currency remained intact at N475.22/€1.
Meanwhile, at the cryptocurrency market, six of the 10 digital currencies tracked by the newspaper across several trading platforms appreciated in value.
The highest gainer was Cardano (ADA) as it moved higher by 7.4 per cent to trade at N783.58, Tron (TRX) made a 3.8 per cent gain to sell at N40.46, Litecoin (LTC) improved by 3.5 per cent to trade at N82,485.74, Ripple (XRP) appreciated by 1.8 per cent to sell at N450, Binance Coin (BNB) rose by 0.7 per cent to trade at N205,719.75, while Dogecoin (DOGE) grew by 0.2 per cent to trade at N105.12.
However, Dash (DASH) went down by 1.6 per cent to sell for N80,050.10, Ethereum (ETH) depreciated by 0.5 per cent to sell at N1,896,100.03, the United States Dollar Tether moved down by 0.3 per cent to trade at N783.58, while Bitcoin (BTC) declined by 0.2 per cent to quote at N24,576,842.26.
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