By Adedapo Adesanya
The Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiatives (NEITI) has disclosed that Nigeria earned the sum of $21 billion from the oil and gas sector in 2017. This disclosure came from NEITI at the 2017 Oil and Gas Industry Report released in the nation’s capital, Abuja on Wednesday.
It said the figure showed a 23 percent increase from the 2016 figures of 17.05 percent and 15 percent lower than $24.79 billion inflow recorded in 2015.
A breakdown of the financial flows by revenue streams showed that crude oil and gas sales topped the table with about $10.19 billion, while other financial flows accounted for about $10.13 billion.
It added that flows to other entities like the Niger Delta Development Commission and Nigeria Content Development Monitoring Board among others were $669.05 million.
The report said: “In a five-year comparison of revenue flows from the oil and gas sector, the report revealed that there was a steady decline in year-on-year revenues from 2013 to 2016, with the sharpest drop of 55 per cent in 2015 compared to the preceding year.
“The year under review experienced a 23 per cent increase in revenues, 23 percent from 17.06 billion dollars in 2016 to 20.99 billion dollars in 2017.”
According to the report, 2017 witnessed a halt in the steady revenue decline the sector has been experiencing since 2013.
The report also showed that inflows from the Nigeria Liquefied Natural Gas (LPG) as dividend, interest and loan repayment were $834 million.
This indicated was a significant increase of 114 percent from the 2016 figures pegged $390 million.
On oil production during the period under review, a marginal increase of 4.75 per cent (690,465 barrels) as against the 659,137 barrels produced in 2016 was recorded.
It noted that the significant increase in revenues when compared to the increase in production volumes was as a result of the increase in oil prices.
The report further pointed out that average crude oil price was higher in 2017 and was sold for an average of $54.44 as against the S43.73 in 2016, and this signified an increase of 24.5 per cent.
“Out of the 690,465 mbbls of crude oil produced in 2017, a total of 688,291 mmbls was lifted, representing an increase from the 668,147 mmbls lifted in 2016,” it added
The NEITI report also showed that the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) lifted a total of 241 million barrels (mbbls) of crude oil on behalf of the federation.
A breakdown of the liftings show that federation exports accounted for 135 million barrels, while the domestic crude liftings accounted for 106 million barrels.
It further disclosed that the federation exports volume went down by 36 per cent from 211 mbbls in 2016 to 135 mbbls in 2017.
It noted that while liftings by the companies amounted to 447 mbbls, joint venture operations, production sharing contracts and sole risk operators accounted for 130 mbbls, 223 mbbls and 79 million barrels respectively.
It said that the marginal field and service contract operators lifted 15mbbls and 1mbbls during the year under review
On crude allocation for domestic use, the report indicated that in 2017, the NNPC allocated 105.925 mbbls for domestic, while 25 per cent of this quantity was supplied to the refineries, 69 per cent was on the other hand utilised for the Direct Sales and Direct Purchase arrangement.
On production arrangements in terms of volumes, joint ventures and production sharing contracts produced 305 mbbls and 303 mbbls.
It added that others such as service contracts, marginal fields and sole risks accounted for the balance.
The report said: “Sole Risk operations produced the highest percentage increase of 114 per cent, and Marginal Field operations witnessed an increase of 32 per cent in the year under review.
“Overall production from the JV companies increased by 16.199 mbbls, indicating a six per cent increase from 2016 volumes.
“On the contrary, PSC and SC operations suffered volume reductions of six per cent and 31 per cent respectively.”
On Gas production, it said the total gas production was 3,494,774 mmscf from all arrangements, slightly higher than 2016 production of 3,051,249 mmscf by 15 per cent.
It noted that the total volume of gas flared in 2017 increased by 23 per cent, while gas utilisation saw a significant jump of 32 per cent when compared to 2016 volumes.
The report also said $8.474 billion was budgeted for Cash Call obligations, but only 49 per cent or $4.13 billion was paid as at January 2018.
It said out of the $5.125 billion negotiated as outstanding cash call liabilities for 2016, $2.177 billion was paid, therefore, leaving a balance of $2.948 billion.
It further observed that 2017 witnessed a huge drop in crude oil theft, sabotage and deferred production.
It said: “Nigeria lost about 36.5 mbbls of crude oil to theft and sabotage and there was 69mbbls lost due to decrease in production volumes resulting from routine maintenance or unplanned repairs of the production facilities.
“This is regarded as a remarkable improvement particularly, when compared to the 2016 figures of 101 mbbls and 144 mbbls lost to theft and deferred production respectively.”
NEITI also noted that there was reduction in pipeline breaks in 2017 (924 breaks) when compared to the figures of the previous years (2013-3,571; 2014-3,732; 2015-2,832 and 2016-2,589 breaks).
This decline, it said, suggested a positive return on the actions taken to mitigate vandalism.
The report further added that the oil and gas sector contributed 8.68 percent to Nigeria’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
The 2017 NEITI oil and gas report covered 63 entities and these include seven government agencies, 12 joint venture companies, 13 production sharing contract companies and 16 marginal field operators.
Airtel Africa, 17 Others Lift Stock Exchange by 0.46%
By Dipo Olowookere
Nigeria’s stock exchange closed positive on Friday by 0.46 per cent following a renewed bargain hunting in Airtel Africa, Guinness Nigeria, Sterling Bank, Ardova and 14 others.
This pushed the All-Share Index (ASI) of the Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Limited by 199.52 points to 43,308.29 points from the previous day’s 43,108.77 points and jerked the market capitalisation higher by N104billion to N22.598 trillion from N22.494 trillion.
Royal Exchange and ABC Transport grew by 10.00 per cent each at the trading session to finish at 55 kobo and 33 kobo respectively.
AIICO Insurance gained 9.38 per cent to close at 70 kobo, University Press appreciated by 8.89 per cent to N2.94, while Regency Assurance jumped 7.69 per cent to 42 kobo.
On the other hand, UPDC REIT topped the losers’ table of 24 members with a price depreciation of 9.82 per cent to settle for the day at N5.05.
Champion Breweries retreated by 5.90 per cent to N2.55, UPDC moderated by 5.07 per cent to N1.31, FTN Cocoa eased by 4.76 per cent to 40 kobo, while Veritas Kapital contracted by 4.55 per cent to 21 kobo.
Unlike the preceding day, the level of activity was mixed yesterday with the trading value declining by 15.15 per cent to N3.6 billion from N4.2 billion, while the trading volume rose by 14.73 per cent to 305.3 million units from 266.1 million, with the number of deals rising by 13.96 per cent 4,450 deals from 3,905 deals.
FCMB finished the day as the most active stock with 81.1 million units worth N247.9 million, trailed by GTCO with 29.5 million units valued at N738.3 million.
Further, Access Bank transacted 28.1 million units valued at N253.9 million, Honeywell Flour sold 16.8 million units worth N70.2 million, while Zenith Bank exchanged 13.2 million units for N320.2 million.
At the market on Friday, the insurance sector gained 1.98 per cent, while the quartet of the consumer goods, banking, energy and industrial goods counter lost 0.89 per cent, 0.33 per cent, 0.03 per cent and 0.01 per cent respectively.
Naira Closes Week Flat as Cryptocurrencies Suffer Heavy Loss
By Adedapo Adesanya
The local currency closed flat against the US Dollar at both the Investors and Exporters (I&E) and the interbank segments of the foreign exchange (forex) market on Friday, November 26.
At the I&E segment of the market, the domestic currency retained the preceding session’s rate of N415.07/$1 amid an upshoot in the turnover for the trading session, according to data from the FMDQ Securities Exchange.
At the market window, the turnover achieved at the final session for the week was $215.47 million, 119.7 per cent or $117.4 million higher than the $98.07 million recorded the day before.
At the interbank window, the Naira halted its depreciation against the American currency as it remained unchanged at N411.64/$1 at the close of transactions yesterday.
In the same trend, the local currency was flat against the Pound Sterling to sell for N548.55/£1, while the Nigerian currency stuck to N462.07/€1 as it was sold at the preceding session.
Bears Rampage Cryptocurrencies
Meanwhile, cryptocurrencies witnessed a bearish outcome on Friday as all the 10 cryptos monitored by Business Post weakened and analysts attributed the dip to the rout that gripped global investments following the discovery of a new coronavirus variant.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) said the new variant known as B.1.1.529 may contain more than 30 mutations. The United Kingdom and other nations have temporarily suspended flights from six African countries in response.
At the market, Bitcoin (BTC) recorded a 6.7 per cent depreciation to sell at N30,862,885.94, Ethereum (ETH) fell by 1.7 per cent to trade at N2,388,999.00, while Ripple (XRP) witnessed a 6.3 per cent fall to N543.44.
Furthermore, (DASH) dropped 5.9 per cent to trade at N109,054.38, Litecoin (LTC) slumped by 7.2 per cent to N111,931.77, Tron (TRX) made a 7.6 per cent loss to close at N52.66, Cardano (ADA) retreated by 5.0 per cent to N918.72, Binance Coin (BNB) witnessed a 4.2 per cent loss to sell at N242,540.63, Dogecoin (DOGE) also followed with a 4.2 per cent slide as it traded at N123.87, while the US Dollar Tether (USDT) moved down by 0.7 per cent to sell for N569.90.
Unlisted Stocks Trade Flat Friday Amid Low Investor Appetite
By Adedapo Adesanya
The NASD Over-the-Counter (OTC) Securities Exchange closed in the flat territory on Friday as the interest of investors in unlisted stocks waned during the session.
According to data from the exchange, the level of activity declined as there was a 99.9 per cent fall in the volume of securities transacted by market participants as only 288 units exchanged hands compared with the 371,600 units traded at the previous day.
In the same vein, there was a decrease in the total value of shares transacted by traders on Friday and this depleted by 99.0 per cent as securities valued at N65,088 transacted in contrast to the N6.5 million exchanged on Thursday.
Business Post reports that the number of deals executed during the last trading session of the week waned by 50.00 per cent as only two deals were recorded as against the four deals carried out at the preceding trading day.
At the close of transactions, the major performance indicators of the exchange remained unchanged, with the NASD Unlisted Security Index (NSI) flat at 744.90 points as the market capitalisation remained intact at N615.42 billion.
The unlisted securities market was without a price gainer or a price loser as the equity price of all the stocks on the exchange remained unchanged.
Also, the most traded stock by volume on a year-to-date basis remained Food Concepts Plc as it has transacted a total of 11.4 billion units of its shares worth N14.4 billion. Lighthouse Financial Services Plc has traded 1.1 billion units worth N546.32 million to occupy the second spot, while Geo Fluids Plc, which claimed the third place, has traded 1.0 billion units worth N700.1 million.
By value, on a year-to-date basis, Food Concepts Plc was also on top of the chart with the sale of 11.4 billion units worth N14.4 billion, followed by Nigerian Exchange (NGX) Group Plc with 456.5 million units valued at N9.2 billion, and VFD Group Plc with 10.4 million units valued at N3.5 billion.
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